This course covers the topic Global Development. Topics discussed include global development and urbanisation. We look at factors effecting uneven development and strategies aimed at reducing this inequality.
When we talk about development, we are referring to the quality of life for the people who live in that region. This can be economic, social, political or cultural development. These factors can interact and affect the growth of the others.
This Mindmap illustrates a range of variables that can alter and effect development within a region. Some of the factors presented include natural resources, climate, politics, trade routes and foreign investment.
The world is not an even playing field, with resources spread out and other regional instabilities affecting development. Housing, healthcare and food & water supply are the things we take for granted in the developed world.
There are a number of strategies which help countries to develop. A stable political sphere, or access to resources such as materials or education will help investment in a region. Aid and debt relief also help poorer countries.
Top-down schemes are such that a country is given a large fiscal impetus to engage in a big project such as a dam or major road. In Bottom-up schemes, change is instigated at a local level and slowly encouraged nationwide.
With over 10 million inhabitants, a city becomes a mega-city. There are a growing collection of mega cities as globalisation moves more people toward urban living. These trends have effects, we see repeated all over the world.