Kathleen Jackson
Quiz by , created more than 1 year ago

Nursing Quiz on Practice Questions for Final Fundamentals: Potter and Perry, created by Kathleen Jackson on 10/05/2017.

17
1
0
Tags
Kathleen Jackson
Created by Kathleen Jackson about 3 years ago
Close
  • Practice Questions for Final Fundamentals: Potter and Perry

    Question 1 of 83

    1

    When formulating a definition of "health," the nurse should consider that health, within its current definition, is:

    Select one of the following:

    • The absence of disease

    • A function of the physiological state

    • The ability to pursue activities of daily living

    • A state of well-being involving the whole person

    Explanation

    Question 2 of 83

    1

    A nurse is using a holistic approach when caring for a client. To incorporate all of the factors that may influence the client, which of the following nursing responses is most therapeutic?

    Select one of the following:

    • "I would like you to perform this exercise once a day."

    • "Your physician has left orders that you are to follow."

    • "The laboratory tests reveal the need to reduce your daily percentage of fat intake."

    • "Adapting to a low-fat diet and increasing your activity will help lower your blood glucose levels."

    Explanation

    Question 3 of 83

    1

    The client states, "Heart disease runs in our family. My blood pressure has always been high." The nurse determines that this is an example of the client's:

    Select one of the following:

    • Risk factors

    • Active strategy

    • Health beliefs

    • Negative health behaviour

    Explanation

    Question 4 of 83

    1

    A client is discharged following a heart attack. In using the Stages of Health Behaviour Change as a guide, the nurse recognises that the client is most likely to begin to accept information on diet changes and an exercise program during which stage?

    Select one of the following:

    • Action

    • Preparation

    • Maintenance

    • Contemplation

    Explanation

    Question 5 of 83

    1

    When assessing the external variables that influence a client's health beliefs and practices, the nurse must consider his:

    Select one of the following:

    • Income status

    • Religious practices

    • Educational background

    • Reaction to the heart disease

    Explanation

    Question 6 of 83

    1

    A paraplegic client is admitted for an electrolyte imbalance. Based on the levels of prevention, the client is receiving care at the level of:

    Select one of the following:

    • Health promotion

    • Primary prevention

    • Tertiary prevention

    • Secondary prevention

    Explanation

    Question 7 of 83

    1

    Which of the following nursing activities is an example of tertiary level care-giving?

    Select one of the following:

    • Teaching a client how to irrigate a new colostomy

    • Providing a class on hygiene for an elementary school class

    • Informing a client that her infant can be immunised at the health department

    • Arranging for a hospice nurse to visit with the family of a client with lung cancer

    Explanation

    Question 8 of 83

    1

    Which one of the following client assessment findings indicates a lifestyle risk factor to the nurse?

    Select one of the following:

    • Obesity

    • Sunbathing

    • Overcrowded housing

    • Industrial-based occupation

    Explanation

    Question 9 of 83

    1

    In the Health Belief Model, the nurse recognises that the focus is placed on the:

    Select one of the following:

    • Basic human needs for survival

    • Functioning of the individual in all dimensions

    • Relationship of perceptions and compliance with therapy

    • Multidimensional nature of clients and their interaction with the environment

    Explanation

    Question 10 of 83

    10

    The client who recently received a kidney transplant is worried about her husband since he has taken over the physical tasks of running their home. The client is in the process of adapting to a change in:

    Select one of the following:

    • Body image

    • Self-concept

    • Illness behavior

    • Family dynamics

    Explanation

    Question 11 of 83

    10

    Client assessment provides the nurse with necessary information for the development of an effective plan of care. When determining the influence of an internal variable on the client's health status, the nurse will specifically look for:

    Select one of the following:

    • Anxiety level present

    • Family remedies used

    • Location and type of occupation

    • Available health insurance coverage

    Explanation

    Question 12 of 83

    10

    A nurse understands that illness behavior means:

    Select one of the following:

    • Each distinct illness will cause the client to behave in a specific manner

    • Nursing care provides interventions that are behavior oriented

    • The client's behaviors will have a direct impact on his illness

    • When ill, a client's perception of illness will result in unique behaviors

    Explanation

    Question 13 of 83

    10

    A client tells the nurse that his illness is a result of his failure to "live a good life." The nurse recognizes this statement as an example of the client's:

    Select one of the following:

    • Risk factor

    • Health belief

    • Illness behavior

    • Negative health behavior

    Explanation

    Question 14 of 83

    10

    Which of the following client statements best relates to the third component of the Health Belief Model?

    Select one of the following:

    • "My blood cholesterol is only a little high."

    • "No one in my family is susceptible to the flu."

    • "I'll just avoid the food that causes the problem."

    • "By losing weight my blood pressure may come down."

    Explanation

    Question 15 of 83

    10

    The goal of Pender's Health Promotion theory is best reflected in which of the following nursing interventions?

    Select one of the following:

    • Suggesting the client experience a variety of exercise routines before settling on the one to adapt

    • Arranging for a client to attend a support group for individuals who also have severe burn scars

    • Playing soft, classical music when a client diagnosed with Alzheimer's becomes physically agitated

    • Providing a client with a history of stress-induced respiratory problems with detailed explanations regarding her care

    Explanation

    Question 16 of 83

    10

    The nurse knows that the greatest internal factor to consider when educating an adult client concerning health promotion activities is the client's:

    Select one of the following:

    • Emotional wellness

    • Developmental stage

    • Professed spirituality

    • Intellectual background

    Explanation

    Question 17 of 83

    10

    Which of the following nursing interventions is the best example of a primary care prevention strategy regarding the flu?

    Select one of the following:

    • Staffing a flu immunization clinic at a senior citizen's center

    • Providing flu prevention literature for distribution to visitors

    • Reminding client care personnel of the importance of the flu shot

    • Getting a drug manufacturer to donate flu vaccine for the homeless

    Explanation

    Question 18 of 83

    10

    The nurse can best discuss the impact of a known risk factor on a client's health by stating:

    Select one of the following:

    • "It doesn't mean you'll get the disease just that the odds are greater for you."

    • "Now you know that the possibility is there, you can take steps to prevent it."

    • "The risk factor can be managed by making a change in your lifestyle."

    • "You're lucky because you have the benefit of being able to do something about it."

    Explanation

    Question 19 of 83

    10

    The nurse is caring for an older adult client who has reported symptoms suggestive of depression. Which of the following questions asked by the nurse is most therapeutic in assessing the client's perception of the impact depression has had on her life?

    Select one of the following:

    • "What does it mean to be depressed?"

    • "How does being depressed make you feel?"

    • "Were you happy before becoming depressed?"

    • "What makes you think that you are depressed?"

    Explanation

    Question 20 of 83

    10

    The nurse is caring for a 6-year-old child who is scheduled for outpatient surgery. Piaget's theory of cognitive development suggests that the nurse can help the child cope with the stress of this hospital experience best by:

    Select one of the following:

    • Arranging for the parents to be with the child until the anesthetic takes affect

    • Explaining the entire process with the child using age-appropriate language

    • Using play as a means of familiarizing the child with the events he will experience

    • Providing the child with a coloring book that shows the events he will be experiencing

    Explanation

    Question 21 of 83

    10

    Which of the following nursing responses is most therapeutic when made in response to a parent's concern about her 3-year-old child's tendency to "break the rules"?

    Select one of the following:

    • "Just keep reminding her of the rules."

    • "Daycare will help her learn to play fair."

    • "She will begin to understand that concept in a year or so."

    • "Add an age appropriate punishment for breaking the rules."

    Explanation

    Question 22 of 83

    10

    To help a comatose client's family make a moral decision regarding the termination of life support, the nurse must first:

    Select one of the following:

    • Refrain from expressing his/her personal beliefs concerning the life support issue

    • Provide the family with information regarding the process of terminating life support

    • Determine whether the client had expressed any written or oral wishes regarding the issue

    • Facilitate the family's decision-making process by providing them with a quiet, private space for discussion

    Explanation

    Question 23 of 83

    10

    Which of the following best describes a nurse thinking at stage 5 of Kohlberg's Moral Developmental Theory?

    Select one of the following:

    • "The client has a right to decide whether or not to proceed with the treatment plan."

    • "The hospital's policies and procedures are excellent tools for making client oriented decisions."

    • "It won't be fair to expect to get every weekend and holiday off, so I'll certainly work my share."

    • "If you don't keep client information confidential you could be terminated immediately."

    Explanation

    Question 24 of 83

    10

    Which of the following client statements made by an older adult best reflects an understanding of the decrease in physical strength and stamina in this developmental stage?

    Select one of the following:

    • "I know I'm not as young as I use to be."

    • "I just hire help with jobs I can't do myself."

    • "You get older you can't do as much, that's life."

    • "I have to ask my son for help with the yard work."

    Explanation

    Question 25 of 83

    10

    Which of the following data is the most important for the nurse to assess when caring for a woman in her second trimester of pregnancy?

    Select one of the following:

    • Detection of fetal movement

    • Observation that the uterus is below the pubis

    • Confirmation of the desire to breast- or bottle-feed

    • Determination of the presence of morning sickness

    Explanation

    Question 26 of 83

    10

    Standard precautions are precautions taken each time an episode of care or task is undertaken (e.g. hand washing, use of personal protective equipment, cleaning of equipment) that will reduce the transmission of infections.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 27 of 83

    10

    Aprons and gloves should not be worn in common use areas such as corridors, staff room, office or linen room.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 28 of 83

    10

    Masks and goggles must be worn for care activities such as care of residents who have a cough.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 29 of 83

    10

    The use of gloves is an effective substitute for hand washing.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 30 of 83

    10

    You must wash your hands after removing your gloves.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 31 of 83

    10

    In a care home, standard precautions are the responsibility of nurses and carers only.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 32 of 83

    10

    The objective of standard precautions is to prevent the spread of infection within the care home:

    Select one of the following:

    • From resident to resident.

    • From resident to staff.

    • From staff to resident.

    • From staff to staff.

    • All answers are correct.

    Explanation

    Question 33 of 83

    10

    The most important procedure for the prevention of infection from microorganisms is:

    Select one of the following:

    • Wearing gloves

    • properly bagging used linen.

    • Effective hand washing.

    • Wearing protective eyewear.

    Explanation

    Question 34 of 83

    10

    Bacteria and viruses can spread by way of:

    Select one of the following:

    • Water, food, drinks, and eating utensils.

    • Direct contact with people and/or body substances.

    • Coughing, sneezing, or vomiting.

    • All answers are correct

    Explanation

    Question 35 of 83

    10

    Which of the following statements are true about effective hand washing?

    Select one or more of the following:

    • Keep elbows lower than hand when washing and rinsing.

    • Use friction to clean between fingers, palms, nail beds, back of hands and wrists

    • Wash for 30 seconds or longer using an alcohol-based hand rinse.

    • Use a paper towel to turn off the light switch.

    Explanation

    Question 36 of 83

    10

    You should wash your hands:

    Select one of the following:

    • After taking off a gloves and/or apron

    • Before going into a resident’s room and after coming out.

    • At the beginning and end of my shift.

    • All answers are correct

    Explanation

    Question 37 of 83

    10

    Alcohol-based hand gel SHOULD NOT be used:

    Select one of the following:

    • Prior to contact with resident.

    • If fingernails are chipped.

    • If the resident has a respiratory infection.

    • If hands are visibly dirty.

    Explanation

    Question 38 of 83

    10

    Which of the following are allowed when you are bare below the elbows?

    Select one of the following:

    • Wedding rings with stones

    • Wrist watches

    • Long finger nails / nail extensions / false nails

    • No answer is correct

    Explanation

    Question 39 of 83

    10

    Who is responsible for cleanliness within the care home?

    Select one of the following:

    • The manager, The housekeeper/domestic staff

    • The nurses

    • The carers

    • All answers are correct

    Explanation

    Question 40 of 83

    10

    Cohort isolation means:

    Select one of the following:

    • Different patients with same infection

    • Different infections in same age group

    • Only old age people

    • Only young age people

    Explanation

    Question 41 of 83

    10

    Standard precautions include:

    Select one or more of the following:

    • Hand hygiene

    • PPE

    • Making the bed

    • All answers are correct

    Explanation

    Question 42 of 83

    10

    Air borne precautions includes?

    Select one of the following:

    • N-95 Mask positive pressure room

    • N-95 Mask.Negative pressure room

    • Hand Hygiene

    • Gloves

    Explanation

    Question 43 of 83

    10

    Contact precautions not include: N-95 Mask and Negative pressure room

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 44 of 83

    10

    When are additional transmission based precautions required?

    Select one of the following:

    • When standard precautions are not useful

    • When standard precautions alone are not sufficient to prevent the transmission of disease or infectious

    • When patients have hepatitis C

    • All answers are correct

    Explanation

    Question 45 of 83

    10

    Mrs fatima is admitted to Hospital A with a leg wound which is infected with methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The wound has moderate purulent ooze. Mr Jones is admitted to hospital A and because he was in the hospital with an MRSA infected surgical wound one month ago. He has his nose and groin swabbed for MRSA and is found to be colonised with MRSA. Mrs Smith is placed in contact precautions. Should Mr Jones also be placed in contact precautions?

    Select one of the following:

    • Both conditions will be OK

    • No,there is no need

    • Yes, because colonization may be a form of carriage and is a potential source of transmission

    • Maybe

    Explanation

    Question 46 of 83

    10

    Three patients present to a small rural hospital on Monday morning. Six year old Will is covered in a florid rash with a high temperature and a cough. His mother does not believe in vaccinating her children. They recently returned from a trip to India. Two month old Jade has been admitted with bronchiolitis probably caused by respiratory syncitial virus (RSV). Ten year old Blake has a nasty infected cut on his hand. His brother was recently discharged from the hospital following treatment for community acquired MRSA infection of his leg.
    The hospital only has one single room available. Which of the three patients should be placed in the single room?

    Select one of the following:

    • No one need to be isolated.

    • Will because he probably has measles and since this is spread by the airborne route he needs a single room with negative pressure air conditioning. If that is not available he must be put in a single room.

    • Blake's brother should be isolated

    • Everyone needs to be isolated.

    Explanation

    Question 47 of 83

    10

    Five moments have been identified as critical times when hand hygiene should be performed. These are:

    Select one of the following:

    • Before and after patient contact; before a procedure; after a procedure or contact with blood or body fluids; after contact with the patient's environment

    • After a procedure or contact with blood or body fluids; after contact with the patient's environment ,before using toilet

    • Hand should be washed only when you received the patients

    • Only when you remember

    Explanation

    Question 48 of 83

    10

    What three elements are needed for a healthcare associated infection to occur?

    Select one of the following:

    • An infectious agent, a source and a susceptible host

    • An infectious agent; carrier; pathogen

    • Source,carrier and contact

    • All answers are correct

    Explanation

    Question 49 of 83

    10

    Standard precautions are work practices required for the basic level of infection control. Which of the following do they apply to?

    Select one of the following:

    • All Hep B patients

    • All patients regardless of suspected or confirmed infection status.

    • Only TB patients.

    • No answer is correct

    Explanation

    Question 50 of 83

    10

    The term sterile is absolute; an item is either sterile or not sterile.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 51 of 83

    10

    Only sterile items can be placed on the sterile field.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 52 of 83

    10

    Even if there is no visible sign of a tear, if a glove is thought to have been punctured, it should be changed.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 53 of 83

    10

    The edges of a wrapper are considered sterile.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 54 of 83

    10

    An open-gloving technique would be used when performing urinary catheterization.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 55 of 83

    10

    Living tissue cannot be sterilized but can be rendered surgically clean.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 56 of 83

    10

    Hand washing is not necessary if gloves are worn.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 57 of 83

    10

    The amount of space that should be left between sterile and nonsterile surfaces is 2 to 4 centimeters

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 58 of 83

    10

    Culture may be defined as “common values, beliefs, traits, traditions and/or language
    that are learned and shared by members of a group.”

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 59 of 83

    10

    It is OK to use gestures since each one has the same meaning universally.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 60 of 83

    10

    A client’s cultural background will often determine how they would like to be
    approached and their communication style.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 61 of 83

    10

    Which of the following statements is correct?

    Select one of the following:

    • People all have the same basic needs when they are sick.

    • Although pain is experienced by all, culture is an important consideration in how you observe clients and provide care

    • Regardless of their culture, clients will follow the service plan or plan of care as long as they understand it

    • Two clients from Spain can be treated alike because of their common culture.

    Explanation

    Question 62 of 83

    10

    Different cultures have varying ideas about family involvement in client care therefore:

    Select one of the following:

    • Consult the head of the family regarding who should be included in decision making.

    • Research the patient’s culture so that appropriate care decisions may be made.

    • Consult the agency’s policy and procedures regarding client involvement in care.

    • Ask the client to whom information should be given and who to consult for decision making.

    Explanation

    Question 63 of 83

    10

    Which of the following is not a reason to assist residents with grooming?

    Select one of the following:

    • Being well groomed can enhance the resident's medication use

    • Being well groomed can enhance the resident's self esteem

    • Being well groomed can enhance the resident's feelings of self worth

    • Being well groomed can enhance the resident's desire to participate in activities

    Explanation

    Question 64 of 83

    10

    Which of the following encourages independence with activities of daily living?

    Select one of the following:

    • Adequate lighting

    • Putting items within easy reach

    • Praising the resident

    • All answers are correct

    Explanation

    Question 65 of 83

    10

    ADL's an acronym for:

    Select one of the following:

    • Advancing Daily Living

    • Activities of Daily Living

    • Activity of Declining Life

    • Activities Don't Last

    Explanation

    Question 66 of 83

    10

    A resident who needs the grooming items set out and partial performance of the task by the caregiver is considered:

    Select one of the following:

    • Independent

    • Stand by assist

    • Total assist

    • No answers are correct

    Explanation

    Question 67 of 83

    10

    How should the water for the shower be checked?

    Select one of the following:

    • First by the caregiver, then pointed at the resident so he can feel it on his legs

    • By the resident, since he is the one taking the shower

    • By the caregiver, then pointed away from the resident allowing him to feel it with his hand

    • By the caregiver only

    Explanation

    Question 68 of 83

    10

    Medications can be left in the room with the resident because they said they will take them.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 69 of 83

    10

    When a resident refuses a medication, put it in an envelope with name, date, and reason for refusal.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 70 of 83

    10

    When documenting a wound near the ankle, it would be correct for the nurse to write that the wound is distal to a wound located on the thigh.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 71 of 83

    10

    A pressure ulcer can be defined as a lesion caused by unrelieved pressure resulting in damage of underlying tissues.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 72 of 83

    10

    Partial thickness tissue loss is when subcutaneous fat may be visible as well as tendon or muscle but no bone exposure?

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 73 of 83

    10

    A stage 4 pressure ulcer always has undermining and/or tunneling.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 74 of 83

    10

    Wound edges that are detached means that the oase of the wound is deeper than the edges.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 75 of 83

    10

    Which pain scale is the most sensitive to gender and ethnic differences?

    Select one of the following:

    • Visual

    • Verbal

    • Numerical

    • Flacc

    Explanation

    Question 76 of 83

    10

    An entry must be made in the nurse's notes each time you give pain meds with the reason why, time given and effectiveness

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 77 of 83

    10

    Care Plans must reflect what interventions work for the patient and which ones don't.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 78 of 83

    10

    A patient is hospitalized with severe depression after her divorce is finalized. Which type of loss is the patient experiencing?

    Select one of the following:

    • Actual

    • Perceived

    • Physical

    • External

    Explanation

    Question 79 of 83

    10

    The nurse is caring for a patient who is terminally ill with lung cancer. Recently, the patient's blood pressure has been decreasing and heart rate increasing. He is experiencing temperature fluctuations and perspires profusely with limited movement. Based on these findings, the patient will most likely die within which time period?

    Select one of the following:

    • 1 to 3 months

    • 1 to 2 weeks

    • Days to hours

    • Moments

    Explanation

    Question 80 of 83

    10

    A family member asks the nurse to explain the purpose of hospice care. Which of the following is the best response? Hospice care:

    Select one of the following:

    • Is appropriate when the patient desires to intentionally end his life

    • Focuses on minimizing the disease process as rapidly as possible

    • Focuses on symptom management for patients not responding to treatment

    • Is holistic care for patients dying or debilitated and not expected to improve

    Explanation

    Question 81 of 83

    10

    After a patient dies of ovarian cancer, her daughter says to the nurse, "You'll probably think I'm terrible, but I'm glad she can finally rest peacefully." Which response by the nurse is best?

    Select one of the following:

    • "Your feelings are a normal response to watching your loved one suffer."

    • "It's unusual for family members to be grateful that a loved one has died."

    • "Your mother's death has been very hard on you; you should seek counseling."

    • "I don't understand what you mean by this comment."

    Explanation

    Question 82 of 83

    10

    A nurse is caring for a dying patient who is non-responsive. Which of the following is it important for the nurse to do?

    Select one of the following:

    • Be alert to the patient's nonverbal cues.

    • Direct explanations about care to family members.

    • Tell the patient when the nurse is about to leave the room.

    • Sit by the head of the bed when speaking to the patient.

    Explanation

    Question 83 of 83

    10

    A patient has been in the dying process for about 10 days. His wife has left his side only for very short periods during that time, and she looks pale and exhausted. The nurse, realizing the wife has not eaten much, suggests that she take a break to eat and rest. The woman refuses, saying, "I don't want to leave him. I won't have him much longer, and I don't want him to go when I'm gone." What should the nurse do?

    Select one of the following:

    • Explain that she will be of more help to her husband if she is rested and well.

    • Tell the wife that it is safe to leave her husband for an hour or two because he won't die that soon.

    • Call the primary care provider to come and try to persuade her to take physical care of herself.

    • Arrange for a cot for her at the bedside and arrange to have food brought to her.

    Explanation