Housing, land and property (HLP) entitlements
grievances( entitlements, rights, grievances ) are about having a home, free from the fear of desctruction
forced eviction( desctruction, confiscation, occupation, forced eviction ); a place that offers shelter
monetary value( shelter, land, monetary value ), insurance
safety( insurance, inheritance, safety ) and the ability to secure a livelihood.
In most countries, HLP rights can be exercised through different forms of land tenure arrangements mainly categorized as?
formal, joint and individual rights
customary, formal and user rights
joint ownership, individual and informal rights
What do HLP rights entail? (choose more than one option)
Protection from physical violence
Illegal occupation, illegal use and squatting
Means more that a roof and wall around you
Confiscation and re-allocation
Destruction and looting
Land for agriculture, economic activities, livelihoods etc
Due to land tenure arrangement in most countries most persons are not entitled to some HLP rights. IDPs living in informal settlements, do not possess a ‘legal’ right to occupy the land hence no right to adequate housing but they are protected against forced evictions.
Security of tenure
Illegal occupation( Security of tenure, Forced evictions, Illegal occupation ) is defined as the permanent or temporary removal
violation( removal, dismissal, violation ) against their will of individuals, families
and/or communities from the homes and/or land which they lease
occupy( lease, own, occupy ), without the provision of, and access to,
appropriate forms of legal or other protection
services( protection, infomation, services )
HLP issues need to be addressed from the very beginning by looking holistically at short / medium- and long-term solutions for both displaced and host communities. In practice all actors would need to focus on:
Non-implementation of restitution commitments
Investing more in preventative measures in coordination with local authorities
Do not focus not only on restitution and compensation but address the HLP-related root causes of conflict
Focusing on formal ownership and documentation as a better avenue for providing access to land and tenure security for all
Adopting a gender sensitive approach to HLP, ensuring that women are able to claim their HLP rights.
The responsibility to protect against forced eviction and to ensure equal access to housing is held
by states. This differentiates the role of humanitarian organisations in responding to crises from the governments of the countries in which they operate.
Working on HLP issues with a longer-term perspective necessitates
draws attention away from( necessitates, refrains from, draws attention away from ) a shift in focus away from transitional
development( transitional, purely humanitarian, development ) language and programming towards approaches that take a more temporary phase
ineffective angle( temporary phase, sustainable lens, ineffective angle )