Leah Firmstone
Quiz by , created more than 1 year ago

GCSE History (Russia, 1914-1924) Quiz on Why did the rule of the Tsar collapse? Quiz , created by Leah Firmstone on 11/13/2015.

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Leah Firmstone
Created by Leah Firmstone almost 5 years ago
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  • Why did the rule of the Tsar collapse? Quiz

    Question 1 of 18

    1

    Russia was a democratic society in 1914.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 2 of 18

    1

    The Duma were a representative assembly, originally set up in 1905 as a concession by the Tsar. However, the Tsar made sure that the Duma had little power.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 3 of 18

    1

    What were the Okhrana?

    Select one of the following:

    • The secret police force of the Russian Empire.

    • The types of tanks used by the Russians in war.

    • The rules sworn to by the Tsar on his coronation.

    Explanation

    Question 4 of 18

    1

    Why was Russia difficult to rule in 1914?

    Select one of the following:

    • It had a population of 125 million.

    • It spanned 8 time zones.

    • Most of the people were literate.

    • The contrast between rich and poor was great.

    • Industrialisation was slow and transport rudimentary.

    • All of the above!

    Explanation

    Question 5 of 18

    1

    Opposition groups to 's reign included:
    - The Kadets ( Democrats) were a middle-class liberal party that wanted political change with the elected Duma gaining real power. However, their support was mostly to more wealthy and more people living in towns and cities.
    - The Social Revolutionaries (SRs) wanted to seize power by . They had some support from the , as the plan was to take land from the and give it to them. However, it was difficult to the peasants, scattered as they were across large areas of land.
    - The Democrats had support mostly from in the factories. They believe in the communist teachings of Karl Marx. However, in the party split into two groups - The Mensheviks and the Bolsheviks. The were the group who believed that revolution was possible, even if they did not have mass support, if it was plotted in and carried out ruthlessly. The leader of the Bolsheviks was .

    Drag and drop to complete the text.

      the Tsar
      the Tsar
      Lenin
      Lenin
      Bolsheviks
      Bolsheviks
      secret
      secret
      1903
      1903
      workers
      workers
      organise
      organise
      revolution
      revolution
      peasants
      peasants
      educated
      educated
      limited
      limited
      peaceful
      peaceful
      Constitutional
      Constitutional
      Social
      Social
      landlords
      landlords
      smaller
      smaller

    Explanation

    Question 6 of 18

    1

    What were the key problems faced by the Russian army on the front line during WWI?

    Select one or more of the following:

    • - Poor quality of leadership

    • - Lack of supplies due to failure in distribution

    • - Wounded soldiers not being treated effectively

    • - Huge losses

    • - Too much equipment

    • - Death of commanders

    Explanation

    Question 7 of 18

    1

    When did the Tsar take over as commander-in-chief of the Russian Army?

    Select one of the following:

    • 1915

    • 1917

    • 1905

    Explanation

    Question 8 of 18

    1

    The Duma reassembled in July 1915 due to Russia's early poor performance in the war.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 9 of 18

    1

    Fill the blank spaces to complete the text.

    The effects of the war were increasingly felt in the . There were food shortages, with prices rising by up to per cent over three years. Workers' wages only increased by per cent in the same period. Food was in short supply because much good farming land was occupied by the . In some areas there was a shortage of peasants to farm the land as so many ha been into the armies.
    Also, transport was inefficiently organised. Engines an would be commandeere for moving troops or supplies, leaving food for the cities rotting in railway sidings. In 1917 only wagons of grain reached Moscow, compared to the 22,000 in . Many railway engineers had been called up to fight, leaving a shortage of people to carry out basic repairs to engines and trucks.

    Explanation

    Question 10 of 18

    1

    How did the Tsar's incompetence show during the war?

    Select one or more of the following:

    • - His government couldn't supply the home front or the front line.

    • - The Zemstva's began to organise to fill the gaps in medical care.

    • - He would not work with the Progressive Bloc.

    • - He took control of the army leaving the Tsarina and Rasputin in charge.

    • - He did not continue with his religious responsibilities.

    • - He could not heal his son when a foreign mystic could.

    Explanation

    Question 11 of 18

    1

    By 1916, the Romanov family was very . Part of this was due to the defeats an hardships, leading to the of patriotism. But it was also due to the consequences of the Tsar going to the front. He left in charge, with the to advise her. Alexandra was already unpopular due to her background, but she was also very much under the influence of , a peasant from Siberia who claimed to be a holy man. In fact, he was a womaniser and was wrongly believed to be having an affair with Alexandra. His huge influence came from his power over Alexis' haemophillia - Alexis suffered internal bleeding,, Rasputin appeared to be able to stop it. Rasputin had almost hypnotic powers over Alexandra, who was naturally desperate to keep him at court and refused to listen to any criticism of him. Meanwhile, Rasputin influenced the government by 'recommending' changes in and getting his friends appointed to positions.
    Leading (related to the royal family) detested Rasputin. In December , a group of them, led by Prince , killed him. It was, however, too late to save the monarchy.

    Drag and drop to complete the text.

      unpopular
      unpopular
      collapse
      collapse
      Alexandra
      Alexandra
      Duma
      Duma
      Rasputin
      Rasputin
      German
      German
      when
      when
      ministers
      ministers
      prominent
      prominent
      nobles
      nobles
      1916
      1916
      Yusopov
      Yusopov

    Explanation

    Question 12 of 18

    1

    What temperature was reached in Petrograd in the winter of 1916-17? (all temps in degrees celsius)

    Select one of the following:

    • -35

    • -40

    • 0

    Explanation

    Question 13 of 18

    1

    The February Revolution was an organised rebellion against the Tsar's government.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation

    Question 14 of 18

    1

    What did the people want in February 1917?

    Select one or more of the following:

    • - An end to the war

    • - Bread

    • - Political change (though no party was leading the revolt)

    • - Equal Rights

    • - More land for the Middle Classes and Nobility

    Explanation

    Question 15 of 18

    1

    In Petrograd, many people were starving to death. broke out and factory workers met in huge crowds in the streets. On 8 March, people were on strike in Petrograd, and there were demonstrations against the shortage of and fuel. Strikes spread, including the armaments works which employed people.
    On succeeding days, large numbers of people were in the streets with slogans such as 'Down with the woman!' and 'Down with the '. Nicholas II ordered the army in Petrograd to crush the marchers and rioters. Increasingly, regiments to obey orders, and many of the officers . Petrograd was in the hands of a rioting mob.

    Drag and drop to complete the text.

      90,000
      90,000
      40,000
      40,000
      bread
      bread
      German
      German
      Tsar
      Tsar
      commander
      commander
      refused
      refused
      fled
      fled
      Strikes
      Strikes
      Putilov
      Putilov

    Explanation

    Question 16 of 18

    1

    What did Rodzianko do in desperation?

    Select one of the following:

    • Telegraphed the Tsar

    • Took over the government by force

    • Fled with the help of the US Embassy

    Explanation

    Question 17 of 18

    1

    What did the workers do?

    Select one of the following:

    • They organised themselves into a soviet (council).

    • They reluctantly formed the Provisional Government.

    • They stopped striking and went back to work.

    Explanation

    Question 18 of 18

    1

    The Tsar tried to return to Petrograd, but when he reached Pskov the railway line was blocked. His train was moved into a siding and he was persuaded by the Russian army commanders to abdicate on 15 March 1917.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Explanation