Definition of hyperkeratosis
Name the callus cycle?
What stress causes callus?
Causes of pathological callus?
When should you consider not to debride callus?
Name aetiologies for callus formation?
Name 5 layers of skin in the epidermis on the foot?
What are the main cells of the epidermis?
Which layer of epidermis is only present on plantar aspect of the foot
Which layer of the epidemis produces the lipid layer which acts as a protective layer
What are the functions of the skin?
What is the role of merkel cells
Where are Langerhans situated and what do they do?
What do melanocytes do and where are they located?
What happens in stratum basale?
What does the granulosum do?
What are two layers of dermis called?
Name main cells of dermis?
Which part of the dermis do the appendages lie?
Name 3 appendages
Define eccrine gland
Where are pacinian corpuscles located and what do they do?
Where are meissner cells located and what do they do?
What are ruffini corpuscles and where are they located?
What is a noireceptor sensitive to?
Name 9 effects of aging on the skin?
Name 4 mechanoreceptor cells
where are ruffini cells more abundant and what do they do?
Name physiological stresses of skin
Name mechanical stresses on the skin
Define tensile stress and what does it cause?
What is a cause of superficial shear
Name 2 causes of deep shear?
What can intermittent compression result in?
What can constant compression result in?
What is the cause of corns?
The nucleus of a hard corn is termed?
Heloma durum normally occur where?
Definition of heloma millaire
Where do heloma millaire commonly occur?
Define Heloma Molle and where they commonly occur?
Define Heloma Vasculare and where they commonly occur?
What is a Durlacher corn?
Name examples of preventative advice for H Molle?
Name some treatment options for treating corns?
Name 3 aetiologies for heloma durum?
What is a vesicle?
What is a bullae?
What can cause blisters/bullae?
Name 3 causes of trauma?
Superficial raised blister occurs in which section of the skin?
If a bullae occurs in the spinosum, is visible raised and painful, what layer of skin is this known as?
What happens if a bulla is classed as being in the dermo-epidermal junction.
Do we treat a blister if it is not painful, epidermis is intact and there is no inflammation?
What do we do if a blister is painful?
Name ways of recording blisters?
What do you do if you suspect a blister is infected?
What is an adventitious bursae?
What is a deep shear?
Name 4 common bursitis foot locations
How would you reduce shear?
How would you treat acute bursitis?
How would you treat chronic bursitis?
How would you treat infective bursitis?
What is tenosynovitis?
List as many types of dressings as you can and give an example
Name what wounds low adherent dressings are used for and what they do
Name what wounds foams are used for and what they do
What are film used for and what do they do
What type of wounds are hydrocolloids used for and what do they do
What wounds are hydrofibre used for and what does it do
What wounds are alginates used for and what do they do
Name microbial dressings and what does a microbial do
What is tinea pedia?
What are the 3 classic types of dermatophytes called?
Name 5 host aetiologies for tinea pedia?
Try and name 7 environmental factors for tinea pedia?
Name health promotion advice for someone with tinea pedia
What is simplex tinea pedia?
What does complex mean?
What is moccasin tinea pedia known as?
What is pompholyx
How do we diagnose tinea pedia?
Name 3 different types of tinea pedia treatments and their ingredients
What is an ointment?
What is a cream?
What is a lotion?
What happens in eczema?
What is a benefit of using a powder?
What is hypopigmentation?
What is hyper pigmentation
Summarise what you do when assessing wounds?
What is pitted keratolysis?
What is ichthyosis?
What is the process of deep wound healing?
What is haemostasis?
What is granulation?
What is epithelialisation?
What is maturation?
What is inflammation?
What does an alginate do and name an example?
What does a film do and name an example?
What does an hydrocolloid do and name example?
What does hydrofibre do and name an example?
What does hydrogel do and name an example?
Name 4 antimicrobial dressings?
What does bactigras contain and what wounds would you use for?
What type of dressing is inadine, and when should it not be used?
What is biatain?
Name a foam dressing and what type of wounds it would be used for?