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Quiz on Bio Exam III, created by anajaneee . on 11/14/2016.

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  • Bio Exam III

    Question 1 of 63

    1

    Where do most animals live?

    Select one or more of the following:

    • Land

    • Freshwater

    • Shallow salt water

    Question 2 of 63

    1

    What are two unique traits of animals?

    Select one or more of the following:

    • Only animals can fly

    • They behave and do things

    • uhmmmmmmmm you know the right answers here

    Question 3 of 63

    1

    Animals must be able to solve these problems of existence:

    Select one or more of the following:

    • processing nutrients to yield energy and body building materials

    • regulate the internal environment of the body

    • integrate and coordinate their activities (internal and external)

    • reproduce

    Question 4 of 63

    1

    How do animals process nutrients to yield energy and body building materials?

    Select one or more of the following:

    • feeding/digestion

    • respiration

    • circulation

    Question 5 of 63

    1

    What helps regulate the internal environment of the body?

    Select one or more of the following:

    • thermoregulation

    • water balance

    • excretion of toxins

    Question 6 of 63

    1

    What integrates the internal environment of the body

    Select one or more of the following:

    • nervous system/sensory organs

    • endocrine system

    Question 7 of 63

    1

    In an absolute sense, all living animal species are successful because of what:

    Select one or more of the following:

    • survival

    • adaptation

    Question 8 of 63

    1

    Select from the dropdown lists to complete the text.

    Eggs are so much ( larger, cytoplasm, yolk ) than sperm because they contain ( cytoplasm, larger, yolk ) which contains ( yolk, cytoplasm, larger ).

    Question 9 of 63

    1

    What is the function of the sperm?

    Select one of the following:

    • to fertilize the egg

    • to activate the egg

    Question 10 of 63

    1

    What is the function of the vitelline/fertilization membrane?

    Select one or more of the following:

    • to prevent multiple sperm from penetrating the egg (polyspermy)

    • provides a physical barrier against the entry of more than one sperm

    Question 11 of 63

    1

    The vitelline membrane is called the fertilization membrane after it has lifted away from the plasma membrane of the egg (due to sperm penetration)

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Question 12 of 63

    1

    What is the difference between sperm penetration and fertilization?

    Select one or more of the following:

    • sperm penetrations occurs when the sperm penetrates the egg cytoplasm

    • fertilization is the fusion of sperm and egg nuclei (2n zygote)

    Question 13 of 63

    1

    Fill the blank space to complete the text.

    The rapid fusion of mitotic divisions that occurs immediately after fertilization is

    Question 14 of 63

    1

    Fill the blank space to complete the text.

    A is a 16-celled embryo that is a solid, grape-like cluster of cells.

    Question 15 of 63

    1

    testing testings tesints aporihg aorha; righ

    Drag and drop to complete the text.

      testings
      testings
      ,,
      ,,

    Question 16 of 63

    1

    Select from the dropdown lists to complete the text.

    1. ( Blastulation, Blastula, Blastomere, Blastocoel ) is the process of blastula formation
    2. ( Blastula, Blastulation, Blastomere, Blastocoel ) is the point in development when an embryo is composed of a single layer of cells which surrounds a fluid-filled space
    3. ( Blastomere, Blastulation, Blastula, Blastocoel ) is the type of cell produced by cleavage of the zygote after fertilization
    4. ( Blastocoel, Blastulation, Blastomere, Blastula ) is the fluid-filled space in the center of the blastula

    Question 17 of 63

    1

    Fill the blank spaces to complete the text.

    Blastulation is the formation of the blastula:

    of zygote ---> -celled embryo ---> -celled embryo ---> -celled embryo ---> -celled embryo (morula) --->

    Question 18 of 63

    1

    The excretion of the blastocoel fluid is what leads to the hollow, spherical shape of a blastula.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Question 19 of 63

    1

    Select from the dropdown list to complete the text.

    Gastrulation is the formation of the ( gut, mouth ).

    Question 20 of 63

    1

    In gastrulation, morphogenetic cell movement is

    Select one of the following:

    • the formation of the gut

    • the point in development when an embryo takes a shape other than a sphere (invagination)

    Question 21 of 63

    1

    At which pole does invagination occur?

    Select one of the following:

    • vegetal pole

    • the other pole

    Question 22 of 63

    1

    What are three examples of a coelom in the human body?

    Select one or more of the following:

    • Pericardium

    • Pleural cavity

    • Abdominal Cavity

    • Bladder

    Question 23 of 63

    1

    What is a deuterostome?

    Select one of the following:

    • The first opening

    • The second opening

    Question 24 of 63

    1

    A dueterostome refers to animals that develop a MOUTH out of the SECOND opening formed during embryonic development.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Question 25 of 63

    1

    What is the fate of the blastopore in deuterostomes

    Select one of the following:

    • the mouth

    • the anus

    Question 26 of 63

    1

    Which animal phyla develop in this manner? ENTEROCOELOUS MESODERM FORMATION

    Select one of the following:

    • echinodermata and chordata

    • annelida, arthropoda, Mollusca

    Question 27 of 63

    1

    What is meant by the term protostome?

    Select one of the following:

    • it refers to animals that develop a mouth out of the first opening that is formed during embryonic development.

    • it refers to animals that develop a mouth out of the second opening that is formed during embryonic development.

    Question 28 of 63

    1

    The fate of the blastopore is to become the

    Select one of the following:

    • mouth

    • anus

    Question 29 of 63

    1

    Which animal phyla develop in the manner of schizocoelous mesoderm formation?

    Select one of the following:

    • annelida, arhtropoda, mollusca

    • chordata, echinodermata

    Question 30 of 63

    1

    Select from the dropdown lists to complete the text.

    Select which germ layer matches which fate.
    1. ( Ectoderm, Mesoderm, Endoderm ): skin, nervous and sensory systems, pituitary gland, adrenal medulla, jaws, teeth, germ cells.
    2. ( Mesoderm, Ectoderm, Endoderm ): skeletal and muscular systems, circulatory and lymphatic systems, excretory and reproductive systems, dermis of skin, adrenal cortex
    3. ( Endoderm, Mesoderm, Ectoderm ): lining of digestive tract (liver, pancreas), epithelial lining of respiratory, excretory, and reproductive tracts and ducts, thymus, thyroid, and parathryoid glands.

    Question 31 of 63

    1

    Why must sperm and egg be able to recognize each other?

    Select one of the following:

    • They must know where to go

    • They must identify that they are the same species

    • They must recognize they are in fact sperm, egg

    Question 32 of 63

    1

    Sperm binding receptors on an egg are what allow the egg to recognize the sperm.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Question 33 of 63

    1

    How does sperm recognize an egg?

    Select one of the following:

    • egg recognition proteins on the acrosome of the sperm (inside head of sperm)

    • sperm binding receptors

    Question 34 of 63

    1

    Select from the dropdown list to complete the text.

    ( Acrosomal, Cortical ) reaction is the term for the fast-block to polyspermy.

    Question 35 of 63

    1

    Select from the dropdown list to complete the text.

    ( Cortical, Acrosomal ) reaction is the term for slow-block to polyspermy.

    Question 36 of 63

    1

    Which reaction is the following?
    -Takes 1-2 seconds
    -Sperm penetration results in electrochemical change that occur in the egg cell membrane, preventing other sperm from penetrating
    -Egg forms electrochemical "force field" around membrane.

    Select one of the following:

    • Acrosomal reaction

    • Cortical reaction

    Question 37 of 63

    1

    Which reaction is the following?
    -30-60 seconds
    -Cortical granules are lined up at the perphery of the egg
    -When the sperm and egg plasma membranes fuse, cortical granules move out towards plasma membrane
    -When release, cortical granules attract water, which pushes the vitelline membrane away, creating a physical barrier to polyspermy.

    Select one of the following:

    • Acrosomal reaction

    • Cortical reaction

    Question 38 of 63

    1

    Select from the dropdown lists to complete the text.

    ( Fate, Capacity ) as pertains to embryonic development is what an area of a young embryo will become in an older embryo.
    ( Capacity, Fate ) as pertains to embryonic development is what the area of a young embryo is able to do under experimental conditions.

    Question 39 of 63

    1

    In regulative development,

    Select one of the following:

    • fate equals capacity

    • fate does not equal capacity

    Question 40 of 63

    1

    Which phyla exhibit regulative development?

    Select one of the following:

    • echinoderms and chordates

    • annelids, arthropoda, and mollusca

    Question 41 of 63

    1

    The disbursement of morphological/cytoplasmic determinates in regulative development would be uniformly disbursed; the same genes are activated and repressed in each cell.

    Select one of the following:

    • True
    • False

    Question 42 of 63

    1

    Select from the dropdown list to complete the text.

    ( Totipotency, Disbursement ) is the ability of a cell to divide and produce all of the differentiated cells in an organism.

    Question 43 of 63

    1

    In mosaic development,

    Select one of the following:

    • fate=capacity

    • fate does not=capacity

    Question 44 of 63

    1

    Which phyla exhibit mosaic development?

    Select one of the following:

    • chordata, echinordata

    • annelids, arthropoda, mollusca

    Question 45 of 63

    1

    Select from the dropdown lists to complete the text.

    Echinodermata and chordata exhibit ( radial cleavage, spiral cleavage ). Annelida, arthropoda, and mollusca exhibit ( spiral cleavage., radial cleavage. )

    Question 46 of 63

    1

    Cleave results in cells stacked directly on top of one another

    Select one of the following:

    • radial

    • spiral

    Question 47 of 63

    1

    Cleavage takes place at oblique angles, forming a spiral pattern of daughter blastomeres.

    Select one of the following:

    • radial

    • spiral

    Question 48 of 63

    1

    A group of regulatory genes that control the placement and spacial organization of body parts in organisms is

    Select one of the following:

    • homeobox

    • homeotic genes

    Question 49 of 63

    1

    A sequence of nucleotides (DNAs) that produce amino acids that function to turn on or off various hox genes

    Select one of the following:

    • homeotic genes

    • homebox

    Question 50 of 63

    1

    Select from the dropdown lists to complete the text.

    The larger the organism, the ( smaller, larger ) the SA/V ratio.
    The smaller the organism, the ( larger, smaller ) the SA/V ratio.

    Question 51 of 63

    1

    Do surface area and volume change at the same rate?

    Select one of the following:

    • Yes.

    • No, volume increases faster.

    • No, volume increases slower.

    Question 52 of 63

    1

    In order for diffusion to be successful, and organism must be

    Select one or more of the following:

    • very small

    • thin in one dimension

    • shaped so that every cell is in contact with the environment

    • complex (must possess special structures to facilitate the absorption and/or release of substances.

    Question 53 of 63

    1

    Which level of organization is (think Porifera):
    -organisms possess cells which are fundamentally different
    -some division of labor among cells
    -very little tendency to cooperate
    -cells are very independent of each other

    Select one of the following:

    • cell

    • tissue

    • organ

    Question 54 of 63

    1

    Which level of organization is (think Cnidaria):
    -possess cells that work together to perform a common function
    -tissues are present; cells cooperate

    Select one of the following:

    • cell

    • tissue

    • organ

    Question 55 of 63

    1

    Which level of organization is where a collection of tissues work together to perform common functions?

    Select one of the following:

    • cell

    • tissue

    • organ

    Question 56 of 63

    1

    Which symmetry is one plane of division that dived into 2 mirror images (humans, chipmunks)

    Select one of the following:

    • bilateral

    • radial

    • asymmetrical

    Question 57 of 63

    1

    Which symmetry is when it can divide more than once to get mirror images

    Select one of the following:

    • bilateral

    • radial

    • asymmetrical

    Question 58 of 63

    1

    Fill the blank space to complete the text.

    animals are animals that are more or less not free-moving. (some move slowly and remain attached to a surface)

    Question 59 of 63

    1

    Which symmetry to sessile organisms typically exhibit?

    Select one of the following:

    • radial or asymmetry

    • radial or bilateral

    Question 60 of 63

    1

    Select from the dropdown lists to complete the text.

    Right and left sides are determined by the ( first, second, third ) cleavage.
    Anterior and posterior are determined by the ( second, first, third ) cleavage.
    Dorsal and ventral are determined by the ( third, first, second ) cleavage.

    Question 61 of 63

    1

    What is a eucoelom?

    Select one or more of the following:

    • true body cavity

    • no entrances or exits

    • lined by mesoderm

    • has only one entrance/exit

    Question 62 of 63

    1

    Select from the dropdown list to complete the text.

    ( Messentery, Assentery ) is whre thin sheets of tissues that surround internal organs.

    Question 63 of 63

    1

    A eucoelmate...

    Select one or more of the following:

    • has eucoelom

    • is tripoblastic (all three layers)

    • messentery anchors for internal