Which of the following were 'true' of Germany in 1918?
The Kaiser abdicated
Germany became a Republic as a result of a 'revolution'
Germany became a dictatorship
German people were struggling to feed themselves due to a British Naval blockade
German society was deeply divided
Ex-soldiers and civilians welcomed democracy with open arms
Which political group encouraged uprisings against the Kaiser?
The Social Democrats
Who is this?
Friedrich Ebert - the First President of the Republic
Franz von Papen - The Chancellor
Alfred Hindenburg - The first President of the Republic
Which of the following are 'true' of the Weimar Constitution?
It was democratic and had a series of checks and balances.
The Chancellor could appoint and dismiss the President.
All Germans over 20 could vote and their liberties were protected by a Bill of Rights.
The Chancellor could request the Presidential Decree (Article 48) in times of emergency.
The system of voting was 'first past the post'
in 1919 a left wing communist group, the Spartacists, attempted a putsch against the Republic.
Which of the following is 'true' of the Spartacist Uprising?
They wanted a Soviet style revolution - for them, the 'German Revolution' had not gone far enough.
They were joined by ex-soldiers, known as Freikorps.
They succeeded in winning concessions from the Weimar Government
The Spartacists Uprising was the only left wing revolt against the Republic at this time.
1-26 The ❌ of the League of Nations - Germany was not allowed to join.
42 The Rhineland was ❌ - the German army was not allowed to go there.
45 The ❌, with its rich coalfields, given to France for 15 years.
51 Alsace-Lorraine returned to ❌.
80 Germany forbidden to ❌ with Austria.
87 Lands in eastern Germany - the rich farmlands of Posen and the Polish corridor between Germany and East Prussia - given to ❌.
100 ❌ made a free city under League of Nations control.
119 All Germany's colonies taken and given to France and Britain as '❌'.
160 The German army restricted to ❌.
181 The German navy restricted to ❌ battleships and no submarines.
198 Germany not allowed to have an air ❌.
❌ Germany was responsible for causing all the loss and damage caused by the war.
232 Germany would have to pay ❌, to be decided later - eventually set at 132 billion gold marks.
Which of the following are reasons why the Republic faced opposition from the Right wing?
They disliked democratic government - they viewed it as weak
They felt the Republican politicians had 'stabbed the German army in the back' by signing the Treaty of Versailles.
They wanted to establish a socialist dictatorship.
in 1920 Dr Wolfgang Kapp led 5,000 Freikorps into Munich in a rebellion against the state.
The Kapp putsch failed because the Government called on the workers to actively resist the putsch by taking up arms against Kapp.
Which of the following is 'evidence' of the fact that Ebert's Government struggled to deal with political violence in the period after the War?
There were frequent political assassinations.
In 1922 the foreign minister, Walter Rathenau was murdered.
Hitler attempted a putsch in 1923.
Ebert's Government handed out stringent punishments to those convicted of political violence.
Which of the following is 'true' of the Reparations issue?
The bill, announced in April 1921, was the equivalent of £6.6 billion to be paid in annual installments.
The Reparations bill represented 2% of the German economic output and this was considered an intolerable strain on an already weakened economy.
Germany made the first payment in 1921 - of £50 million.
The payment resulted in an increase in inflation.
The Germans defaulted in late 1922.
Which of the following was NOT a consequence of Germany's failure to pay their reparations?
France & Belgium sent troops into the Rhineland
France & Belgium sent troops into the Ruhr
The Government ordered the workers to resist by going on strike
The French reacted harshly - over 100 workers were killed
The German economy suffered
The Government responded by printing money which contributed to hyperinflation
Which of the following were genuine consequences of hyper-inflation?
The German currency grew stronger.
The middle classes lost their savings.
Civil Servants, on fixed wages didn't suffer.
Prices spiralled out of control - so much so that wages had to increase to keep up.
In 1921 what would have bought you a house would not have been enough to buy a loaf of bread in 1923.