Duchamp, Boonma and Japar

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Flashcards by claritasaslim, updated more than 1 year ago
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Flashcards on Duchamp, Boonma and Japar , created by claritasaslim on 07/22/2014.

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220px-Marcel_Duchamp_Mona_Lisa_LHOOQ.jpg (image/jpg) L.H.O.O.Q., one of MARCEL DUCHAMP's most well-known work, when read out loud quickly, sounds like "Elle a chaud au cul", translating roughly as "she has a hot ass", implying that "there is fire down below", and suggesting that the girl in the painting was sexually aroused. The use of Mona Lisa, reproduced with a mustache and goatee, might be an intended joke based on allegations of Da Vinci's homosexuality.
150px-Duchamp_Fountaine.jpg (image/jpg) MARCEL DUCHAMP's controversial work, Fountain, was just a standard Bedfordshire model urinal reoriented ninety degrees with "R. Mutt 1917" written on it. Initially rejected and causing a stir in the art scene back then, Fountain highlights Duchamp's idea of choosing a particular common day object, ripping it off its original meaning by altering it in some ways, and thus giving the object a new thought.
8.jpg (image/jpg) SALLEH JAPAR plays with a comprehensive range of contemporary to cultural-religious symbols, which shows in most of his work. In "Fitrah (Human Nature)", he uses one of his favorite material, calico, used customarily as a mourning garment, which is blackened by burning and cut into the shape of a coffin and incidentally also resembles a keyhole. This is in accordance to the Buddhist and Hindu concepts of gateways, with the coffin referring to death but is actually the gate to reincarnation.
18.jpg (image/jpg) "Mechanised Learning" by SALLEH JAPAR was one of the first few in Singapore which gave education systems a harsh commentary, highlighting the view of students absorbing without processing information in schools. This is shown by the easily decipherable metaphors presented by the objects. Education is represented by the study desks. While the motor emphasizes the rigid structure of learning, the bust, appearing to be wearing a graduation cap, itself, represents students. The book, "The Principles of Art" and the plaster cast head used widely in still-life classes, refer to art education.
h_buddha.jpg (image/jpg) For "Buddha", MONTIEN BOONMA paints on paper with paint made out of aromatic herbs and spices. These appeal to the senses and the spirit, as they are used extensively in Buddhist ritual and healing. The earthenware used also symbolises the temporary nature of human lives, and shows how a number of Boonma's works are ephemeral in nature and are destined to crumble and decay. Candle wax is also representative of the burning of candles in Buddhist rituals.
Temp.jpg (image/jpg) MONTIEN BOONMA is known for using both natural and organic materials in his works. For "Temple of the Mind", clapper-less brass bells coated in medicinal herbs are suspended inside a stupa-shaped structure which is created by stacking herb-infused teracotta-colored wooden boxes. This space of quietness inside the structure allows visitors to smell the herbs, touch the boxes, visually take in its height and imagine the sound of bells, which is relevant to its title, "Temple of the Mind".
In conclusion, Duchamp's choice of materials exerts more emphasis on 'choice' which decides the status of an artwork, and his work contains significantly more sexual innuendos than Japar and Boonma's works. Japar and Boonma however are more similar in the rationale behind their choices of materials, as both their works usually have strong references to spirituality and religious symbolism, although they differ in Japar focusing more on symbolism and Boonma more on the Buddhist belief. :)
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