understanding culture

emma rujic
Flashcards by emma rujic, updated more than 1 year ago
emma rujic
Created by emma rujic about 3 years ago


culture and diversity Flashcards on understanding culture, created by emma rujic on 10/17/2017.

Resource summary

Question Answer
culture knowledge, beliefs, customs, habits of a group of people and symbols and artifacts used.
ethnicity distinguish one culture group from another( language, religion, race, homeland, cultural practises) -place themselves voluntarily - ethnic minority groups
sociological culture - social and political forces that shape the way we live at a macro( institutions) and micro(interpersonally) level. terms such such as: culture, society, institutions, values, norms
elements of culture material culture symbols language rituals norms values
norms expectations for behaviour eg. people marry and live in a two generational household
values ideas that justify the 'norms' eg. its best to raise children with two parents and monogomy is morally important
material culture things people make and the things they use to make them. eg. tools and environment
nonmaterial culture ideas + beliefs about people lives and world
culture shock disorientation due to a change of culture
ethnocentrism a beliefs that ones culture is better than the others
cultural relativism a position or attitude that all cultures are equal and valid
subcultures a group of people sharing the same attributes, setting them appart from the dominant culture
countercultures different and opposing the dominant culture
sapir-whorf hypothesis language shapes our perception
mores stronger than values, imformally enforced -moral attitudes( social assumptions)
laws norms that are organised and written down
value transmission 'socialisation' - transmission of values to younger generation
universalism similar elements that is evident in all culures
localism universalism that is expressed locally eg. in homes, schools, families
popular culture popular activities in certain cultures - fads -objects - ideas - fashion
high culture morally highclass activities in a given culture eg. ballet, opera, balls, high class society - language used
low culture low class - activities assumed to be done by 'lower class citizens eg. centrelink, homeless, drugs, parties
cultural capital piece of culture to exchange with another
cultural diffusion spreading of new ideas through a society
identity a group of values, beliefs, hopes, aspirations that people identify with being a part of their identity
social construction of reality how we construct our version of reality by living in our own culture
social structure/ social fact we are born into a set of roles, expectations according to our society/culture
human agency people interpret there own situation within their own interpretation of that event and also with the available possiblities they personally have
intentional relational responsibility remain open and to be taught accountability diffuse conflicts
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