unit one

Flashcards by king.jay, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by king.jay almost 7 years ago


Flashcards on unit one , created by king.jay on 08/29/2014.

Resource summary

Question Answer
noun person place thing
adverbs answers why and how
what do adjectives modify? modifies nouns and pronouns
what are verb tenses? auxiliary regular irregular
what do past participles have to have? have-ing verb
what is something present participles have? the be-ing verb
what else can present AND past participles be? adjectives
what else can PRESENT participles be? gerunds example: Valerie hates cooking
what is a morphene? the smallest unit of meaning in a word
whats the difference between passive and active voice? PASSIVE: doesn't present the action;s main actor. ACTIVE: gives subject the action of the sentence
what are adverbs? parts of a sentence that can be moved
what are GERUNDS? GERUNDS: are verbs acting as nouns
what are phrases? they can be one word or twenty. they range from clauses to parts of speech
independent clauses? complete sentence subject +predicate
dependent clauses? incomplete sentence subject without predicate or vice versa
what are the verb phrases? transitive verbs:subject+direct object intransitive verbs: only subject auxiliary verbs:linking verb/helping verb being verb: am is are was were be being been have verbs: have has was do verbs: do does did Modal verbs: shall will should would may might must can could
what are the being verbs? am is are was were be being been
what are the have verbs? have has had
what are the do verbs do does did
what are the modal verbs? shall will should could would may might must
how many lines do sonnets have and what are the two different kinds of sonnets? sonnets have 14 lines and the two types of sonnets are pretrachan (aka Italian sonnets) and Shakespearean sonnets
what do periods do? end of independent clause.
what does an exclamation do? loud and proud rarely used in formal writing
what does a colon do? come after independent clause signals more information to expect such as the following lists, quotes, &dramatic conclusion
what are the subordinate conjunctions? because although while when before since after
LAY vs LIE Lay requires a direct object ex:lay IT down Lie does not require a direct object ex:i need to lie down
what are conjunctive adverbs? however thus therefore ergo etc
abate lessen
abdicated given up responsibility for
abjure to renounce to give up under oath
acquiesce agree to accept quietly
adversary opponent
aesthetic sensitive to beauty or good taste
ameliorate to make or become better
arbitrary based on whims or individual preferneces
arduous difficult
ascribe to credit or assign as to a cause or source
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