Organelles

Nicole Bolo
Flashcards by Nicole Bolo, updated more than 1 year ago
Nicole Bolo
Created by Nicole Bolo over 6 years ago
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From Lecture 22: Cellular Structure and Function

Resource summary

Question Answer
2 types of organelles membranous & non-membranous
where does the light reaction occur? thylakoid
where does the dark reaction occur? stroma
what does the light reaction produce? ATP, O2
what does the dark reaction produce? glucose
type of membrane for chloroplast double-membrane
special structure found in Chlamydomonas (and its function) pyrenoids; for polysaccharide synthesis
function of endoplasmic reticulum for cell and nuclear membrane synthesis
network of tubules in ER cisternae
2 types of ER smooth ER & rough ER
fxn of sER lipid synthesis
fxn of rER protein synthesis
fxn of sER lipid synthesis
flattened stacks in Golgi apparatus cisternae
fxn of Golgi apparatus site of protein modificationn
stack of cisternae either in one region or across the cell dictyosome
fxn of Golgi cell membrane dev't, fungal hyphae growth, lysosome synthesis, packaging of materials
2 faces of golgi cis & trans
fxn of cis face receives proteins to be modified
fxn of trans face where protein modification occurs
fxn of mitochondria ATP generation
2 parts of mitochondria cristae (inner membrane with folds) & matrix
type of membrane of mitochondria double-membrane
where does the Kreb's Cycle/TCA occur? matrix
where does the ETC occur? cristae
organism with a solitary, large mitochondira Trypanosoma
2 types of vacuole food vacuole & gas vacuole
type of memebrane of vacuoles single-membrane
fxn of nucleus houses the genetic material
structures in the nucleus that regulate the entry & exit of materials (spcf. mRNA) nuclear pores
type of membrane of nucleus double-membrane
type of membrane in autophagosomes double-membrane
fxn of autophagosomes degrades unwanted organelles
fxn of stigma/eye spot photoreception, taxis
site of glycolysis in some protozoans Glycosome
type of membrane in lysosome single-membrane
type of enzymes in lysosomes hydrolases
fxn of lysosome degrade macromolecules (in acidic envi)
2 types of endosome pinocytic vesicles & phagocytic vacuoles
undigestible materials in the cell residual bodies
fxn of hydrogenosomes produces hydrogen and acetate
e.g. of organiisms with hydrogenosome Trichomonas
fxn of mitosome participates in stress response (Iron-Sulfur Cluster Assembly)
fxn of nucleolus rRNA synthesis
fxn of parenthesomes hyphal separation in D. Basidiomycota
fxn of peroxisome degrades H2O2
non-lysosomal degradation Proteosome complex
marker of the proteins to be degraded Ubiquitin
where do proteins go upon marking for degradation 26-S proteosome
meaning of Rubisco ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase
fxn of carboxysome for carbon fixation; conains Rubisco
organisms with carboxysomes Cyanobacteria
organisms with chlorosomes green-sulfur bacteria
fxn of chlorosome light-harvesting apparatus
fxn of magnetosome to orient the bacteria to suitable environments
chemical used to isolate plasmids rusconi's medium
chemical added before plasmid AGE phenol-chloroform
fxn of gas vacuole for buoyancy
protein found in the rigid shell of gas vacuole GVPC: Gas Vacuole Protein C
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