Flashcards by Charlotte97, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by Charlotte97 over 6 years ago


Flash cards for studies on schizophrenia.

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Cooper et al (1972) Showed videos of clinical interviews with UK and US psychiatric patients to UK and US psychiatrists. Psychiatrists made a diagnosis using the ICD. NY psychiatrists were 2x more likely to diagnose schizophrenia, London psychiatrists were 2x more likely to diagnose mania or depression. Both groups used the ICD but diagnosed different disorders - ICD lacks validity. Criteria subject to interpretation and cultural differences - UK and US psychiatrists both used the ICD and diagnosed different disorders. Patient could be incorrectly diagnosed, leading to them receiving the wrong treatment and subsequent deterioration of their health.
Rosenhan (1973) 8 pseudopatients (confederates) got themselves admitted to hospital with the diagnosis of schizophrenia. Pseudopatients all reported hearing voices (auditory hallucinations) and single words such as "hollow" and "thud." During their stay, nursing staff interpreted behaviours as symptoms of the disorder. E.g., "patient engages in writing behaviour" was recorded as evidence of the disorder. Pseudopatients were discharged with the label "schizophrenia in remission" an average of 19 days later. .
Rosenhan (1973) Wanted to see if abnormal people could be labelled as normal. Staff at a teaching hospital were told to expect fake patients. Found that staff couldn't reliably identify pseudopatients. No pseudopatients appeared, however 41 real patients were judged as being pseudopatients by at least 1 member of staff. .
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