Crime and Punishment key words

Tom Lea
Flashcards by Tom Lea, updated more than 1 year ago
Tom Lea
Created by Tom Lea almost 3 years ago


GCSE Crime and Punishment Flashcards on Crime and Punishment key words, created by Tom Lea on 02/17/2019.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Abolish Ban something
Act a new law passed by parliament
archives historical records and documents
arson deliberately setting fire to a house or other property
Assizes the main courts for dealing with serious crimes until 1971
Bill the name given to an act before it is passed by parliament
burglary breaking into a house or other property to steal things
capital punishment the death penalty - execution can use various methods including hanging, beheading and burning at the stake/
coroner a person who investigates a sudden death
corporal punishment physical punishments (designed to cause pain) e.g. whipping or branding.
constable an official with responsibility for maintaining law and order
Crown court the court introduced in 1971 to replace the assizes and quarter sessions. Deals with serious criminal cases
execute put someone to death
factor something that plays a part in causing an event, development or change
famine when people die due to shortage of food
felony a serious crime
fine punishment by paying money
gaol (or jail) a prison
gentry wealthy people who owned land and were often Justices of the Peace
hate crimes crime committed against someone because of their race, religion, sexuality, disability or gender orientation
heresy beliefs not allowed by the church
homicide killing another human being
illegitimate someone whose parents were not married to each other
imprisonment punishment by being kept in prison
industrialisation the development of industry, involving the growth of factories and cities
Justice of the Peace a person responsible for maintaining law and order in a county (took over from sheriffs)
larceny theft
manslaughter killing someone accidentally
manor an area of land controlled by a lord
Manor Court the court in a manor which administered the lord's lands, but which also judged petty crimes.
medieval from the Middle Ages (1250-1500)
moral crime offences considered to be sinful (by the church)
middle class people in the middle of society, neither rich nor poor
minister either and important politician or a vicar (preacher)
murder intentionally killing another human
muntilation punishment by cutting off parts of the body or branding the skin
outlaw someone who is on the run to escape the law
parish the area served by a church
petty crime a minor crime such as a theft or damaging property
pillory a wooden frame used for punishing an offender which held your head and hands
plague a disease that first appeared in England in 1348, also known as the Black Death
poaching entering land illegally in order to steal animals
probation system for monitoring offenders introduced in 1907
Protestant Christians who split from the Catholic Church
Puritan a strict Protestant who wanted people to obey the bible and live pure, simple, holy lives
Quaker member of the Christian Church that was a strong tradition of challenging social injustice
Quarter Sessions the county courts which tried criminals four times per year
radical someone who wants to make extreme changes
reform change someone for the better
Reformation the time in the sixteenth century when many Protestant churches started after Henry VIII broke from Rome
rehabilitate help someone become a law abiding citizen after they have broken the law
retainers private armies controlled by nobles in the medieval and early modern periods
robbery violent theft
sanctuary a custom which protected criminals in the grounds of a church
scolding using offensive or abusive language. A crime, normally something which women were punished for
secular non religious
sheriff the king's chief law enforcer in each county
smuggling secretly importing goods to avoid custom duties (taxes)
statute a law
stocks wooden blocks used to hold criminals legs whilst people threw things at you
transportation punishment which involved sending criminals to a distant land
treason the crime of plotting against the king or country
trial the process used to decide whether a person is innocent or guilty
trial by combat a fight to decide if someone was innocent or guilty
urban to do with towns or cities
urbanisation the rapid growth of towns and cities
vagrant a person who wandered from place to place in search of work
verdict the decision of a jury
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