Weimar Germany

joshcassidy26
Flashcards by joshcassidy26, updated more than 1 year ago
joshcassidy26
Created by joshcassidy26 about 6 years ago
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Learn about the birth of Weimar Germany

Resource summary

Question Answer
Terms of the Treaty of Versailles War Reparation - £6.6 billion Loss of Colonies - 11 in Africa and all in far East Asia German Army cut - 100,000 men -no Air Force -Rhineland demilitarised -6 battleships,6 cruisers,no submarines Loss of land - Alsace and Lorraine to France/ Eupen and Malmedy to Belguim -Posen and West Prussia to Poland -Lost 13% of European territory -50% iron and 15% of coal
Dolchutoss The Stab in the Back - German army not defeated - Army had wanted to fight on but were betrayed - Ebert thought the same, he had lost sons but had to accept treaty - Politicians who signed "November Criminals"
The Diktat (ToV) - Signed by Matthias Erzberger - 15 days to respond - Germans asked for changes but were refused - Not invited to negotiations - New political leaders and new Republic blamed for signing
Right Wing Political Views - Wants a stable society - Believed in strong Government and leaders - They support capitalism - They stressed the importance of family, law, traditional values - Nationalistic
Left Wing Political Views - Want rapid change - Believe all are equal - They opposed capitalism - They stressed the importance of international co-operation
Germany's Right Wing - Dominated by the SDP - SDP hated communists as it undermined the Kaiser - SDP had abandoned the army in1918 - They wanted to reverse the ToV and get Kaiser back - They had support from military, judiciary and civil service
Germany's Left Wing - Dominated by the KPD - They wanted a revolution like in Russia - Wanted more power to the workers - Germany to be governed by councils
Spartacist League - Communist - Left Wing - Tried to take power on 6th Jan 1919 - Lead by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht - 100,000 people demonstrated and took over key buildings Chancellor turns to FREIKORPS - A group of demobilised soldiers - They are anti-communist and work with army - 250,000 joined by March 1919 Uprising put down and Rosa and Karl arrested and murdered
The Kapp Putsh - In 1920 - Right Wing 500,000 supporters marched on Berlin - Government fled -Chancellor urged people to go on strike - Key industries shut down, capital ground to a holt - Kapp fled and was arrested
Reichstag - German Parliament - Members elected every 4 years - All men and women over 20 could vote for members - Proportional Representation used
Germany's Chancellor - Friedrich Ebert - Head of Government - He needed the majority support in the Reichstag to pass laws
The President - Friedrich Ebert - Not part of the day-to-day - He chose the Chancellor Could dismiss the Reichstag and call new elections -Article 48
Article 48 This meant the President could suspend constitution and rule by decree
Friedrich Ebert - 1st President - Promised no reform to the army - Wanted no nationalization of the industry - Promised a maximum of an 8hour working day
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