The crimean war

Lucy-Wood
Flashcards by Lucy-Wood, updated more than 1 year ago
Lucy-Wood
Created by Lucy-Wood about 6 years ago
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Flashcards on The crimean war , created by Lucy-Wood on 02/17/2015.

Resource summary

Question Answer
What year did the Crimean war start? 1854
What was happening in Britain in the 1850's 40 years of prolonged peace The class system (lower,middle,upper) industrial revolution British empire
what does Cruckshanks image of the beehive represent? it is a metaphor for society, saying that social status was determined by social, polictical or religious rank. an aristocratic society rather than meritocratic. the people who work hard (labourers) are at the bottom, whereas people born into wealth (the king) are at the top.
What does meritocratic mean when a position is given based on talent and not birth
what was the Crimean war? The conflict was between Russia empire VS. Britain, France and the ottoman empire (turkey) The turks and Russians started fighting in 1853 Britain and france got involved in 1854
Why did the Crimean war start? 'Power control and fear' Russian empire doubling in size Ottomon empire declining Russia wanted to expand its influence in the Balkan region and carve up turkey Worried Britain and france who feared the spread of Russian power Britain wanted to keep the black sea a friendly zone - that's their route to india Russia invaded moldovia - turkey territory - THIS STARTED THE CRIMEAN WAR it then took less than a year for france and Britain to join in.
Why/how did reporting of the Crimean war change? - Revolution in communication technology - photographic technology improved - Letters sent directly from crimea to the newspaper - Newspaper circulation increased -Russell and Fenton
Roger fenton He was instructed not to record the real horrors of the war - he could not take pictures of battles. he photographed queen Victoria he contracted cholera all his photos has to be suitable for sale THESE FACTORS WOULD HAVE IMPACTED THE NATURE OF HIS REPORTING (BIAS)
Willam Howard Russell Correspondant journalist from middle class family (meritocratic) his reports showed sympathy towards ordinary soldiers he worked for the time (highly respected newspaper) He was: anti turk, anti French and anti Russian. (perhaps a little bias)
Impacts of reporters on the public Because the public could read reports directly from the war they became more aware of what was happening than ever before. The reporters brought the war 'to the breakfast table' the coverage created sympathy, people started sending goods such as chocolate tobacco and socks to troops.
Battle of Alma British army had 26,000 infantry and 6000 calvalry French army 28000 infantry and no cavalry turkey army 7,000 infantry and no cavalry Russian army 34,000 infantry and 3,400 cavalry RUSSIAN ARMY WAS BEST PREPARED
Broadside sheets of paper, often sung at music halls a form of propaganda to keep spirits high after the battle of those who could not afford a newspaper
After the battle of alma french casualties = 1,340 killed and wounded British casualties =2,002 killed and wounded Russian army = 5,709 killed and wonded
Aftermath of Alma Following the battle, raglan asked Arnaud to march to sevastapool but he was declined
Consequences of the battle Russians revovered and forced the allies to fight for 2 more years it exposed a number of weaknesses in the british army - despite the victory -
The charge of the Light brigade in October 1854 Russia began to advance with 25000 men at the british supply base at the port of balaclava the were met by the THIN RED LINE and the light brigade
What is the thin red line? the 93rd highland regiment are remembered for their heroic action against the Russian cavalry as they advanced on the defenceless british supply base. they managed to hault the Russians and 'a thin red streak with a line of steel
Lord raglan? commander in chief of the british army - he died in crimea 1855
the earl of lucan? commander of the cavalry division which included the heavy brigade and the light brigade
the earl of cardigan (lord cardigan) Commander of the light brigade
captain Nolan captain within the light brigade
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