Criminal psychology

molly walker3554
Flashcards by molly walker3554, updated more than 1 year ago
molly walker3554
Created by molly walker3554 about 6 years ago


Criminal psychology studies to learn

Resource summary

Question Answer
Keen (2002) Supports Anger Management, used anger management with 17-21 year old offenders, 8 2 hour sessions over 3 weeks, they reported they felt more aware of their anger and had improved ability of controlling it.
Field (2004) Supports Token Economy, found when looking at treatment of young people with behavioural disorders that token economy programmes are effective on a whole.
Hobbs & Holt (1976) supports token economy programme, 4 cottages in a state correctional institution, 3 cottages introduced to TEP and 4th was the comparison, cottage A improved from 66% to 91.6% in appropriate behaviours compared to the comparison who showed no notable improvements.
Berman & Paisley (1984) supports Eysenk's theory of personality and crime, looked at assaultive and non assaultive juvenile offenders and found assaultive scored higher on 3 PEN dimensions with the biggest difference being psychotism.
Eysenck (1947) Supports Eysenks theory of personality and crime, factor analysed 39 items of personal data (including personality ratings) for 200 neurotic soldiers, scanning them for brain damage and physical illness
Fuller (1984) contradicts Self fulfilling prophecy, Back girls in a London comprehensive school hated the negative stereotype around being black and female so tried to prove them wrong by devoting themselves to schoolwork to ensure success.
Madon (2003) Supports Self fulfilling prophecy, 505 mothers and their children questioned on they child's drinking habits, repeated 18 months later found that if mother thought they were an underage drinker and they weren't they tended to being one and vice versa, mothers expectations affected the childs behaviour
Jahoda (1954) Supports self fulfilling prophecy, the ashanti people give should names to their children based on the day of the week they were born, they also believe this affects temperament, over 5 years boys with wednesdays name accounted for 22% of violent offences and monday names only accounted for 6.9%. cultural expectations.
Rosenthal and Jacobsen (1968) supports self fulfilling prophecy, 20 randomly selected pupils who were expected to be 'late developers about to spurt' improved in IQ at end of the year and even further improved at the end of 2 years due tot the teachers expectations giving them extra supports and feedback.
Pennington (1986) identified 3 variable affection imitation in social learning theory: Characteristics of the role, characteristics of the observe and consequence of behaviour.
Parke Supports social learning theory , found a causal link between observed aggression and actual aggression in juvenile offenders, suggests within a detention centre they imitate from exposure to aggression.
Huesman & Eron (1986) Supports social learning theory and media, longitudinal study following viewing habits over 22 years, more violence they watched on TV the more likely they were to have committed a criminal act by the age of 30.
Boyatzis (1995) Supports SLT, agression and the media, found primary school children who were randomly selected to watch the power rangers were 7 times more likely to show aggressive outburst than children who did not.
Charlton (2000) contradicts social learning theory, introduced TV to island called St Helena and found the children did not imitate aggressive behaviours when observed in the playground.
Catharsis Theory Comes from freudian ideas, watching violent Tv programmes would have a relaxing effect due to channelling latent aggression, contradicts SLT, media and aggression.
Hagell and Newbury (1994) contradicts SLT, agression and the media. Delinquents reported watching no more violent tv and owning less video games than non delinquents as they were more likely to be out causing trouble in the streets.
Williams et al (1981) found contradictory results to charlton which showed children in a town which had recieved tv for the first time showed significant increases in physical and verbal aggression, reliability is reduced as replication did not occur.
Hermmstein and Wilson Agreed with Lombroso's theory that criminality is genetic and it runs in families, they looked into a study where males with an extra Y chromosone has an arrest record, 5 out of 12 supported this.
Haber and Haber (2001) found that witnesses tend to be about 50% accurate in line up identification when ythe target is present, these results are similar to Yarmey's and show that Yarmey's study is replicable and reliable.
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