Schizophrenia Spectrum and other psychotic disorders

Shakoy
Flashcards by Shakoy , updated more than 1 year ago
Shakoy
Created by Shakoy over 5 years ago
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Graduate Psychiatry Flashcards on Schizophrenia Spectrum and other psychotic disorders, created by Shakoy on 04/21/2015.
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What is Schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by a profound disruption in cognition and emotion, affecting on or more of the most fundamental human attributes: 1.delusions 2.hallucinations 3.disorganized thinking or speech 4.grossly disorganized or abnormal motoric behavior (including catatonia) 5. negative symptoms
What is a delusion? fixed belief not amendable to change in light of conflicting evidence.
What is an erotomanic delusion? when an individual believes falsely that another person is in love with them.
What is a nihilistic delusion? conviction that a major catastrophe will occur
what is a somatic delusion? preoccupation regarding health and organ function
what is a delusion of control? believed that one's body or actions are being acted on or manipulated by an outside force.
what is an hallucination? perception like experiences that occur without an external stimulus
Which hallucination is most common in schizophrenia and related disorder? Auditory Hallucination
Two most prevalent negative symptoms prevalent in schizophrenia diminished emotional expression and avolition
Define avolition decrease in motivated self-initiated purposeful activities
define alogia diminished speech output
define anhedonia decreased ability to experience pleasure from positive stimuli or a degradation in the recollection of pleasure previously experienced.
define asociality apparent lack of interest in social interactions and may be associated with avolition
What time criteria is attached to Brief Psychotic disorder? more than a day, less than a month
What time characterizes Schizophreniform disorder? Symptoms equivalent to schizophrenia excepting it lasts less than 6 months and may have not have declining fucntion
What time criteria is applied to schizophrenia? Lasts for at least 6 months and includes at least 1 month of acute phase symptoms.
What time criteria is applied to Schizoaffective disorder? a mood episode and an active-phase symptoms of schizophrenia occur together and were preceded or are followed by at least 2 weeks of delusions or hallucinations without prominent mood symptoms
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