Flashcards by adellewarford, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by adellewarford over 6 years ago


Last WYNTK by Adelle Warford

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Question Answer
Amendment A revision or addition to The Constitution of the United States of America
Assimilate To bring into conformity with the customs, attitudes, etc.; to blend
Bias Have a preference or to dislike something over another thing.
Bicameral Having two branches or chambers (referring to legislative body)
Blockade To keep supplies out of an area as a war tactic by breaking railroads, stopping ships etc.
Boomtown A town undergoing rapid growth due to sudden prosperity
Capitalism An economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.
Captain of Industry A businessman who makes his wealth by selling a product that will help the people, supplying workers with good pay, working hard for success and by giving to charity
Checks and Balances A system where each branch checks the on one another to maintain a balanced government.
Congress The legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Due Process of Law Legal proceedings will be fair and that one will be given notice of the proceedings and an opportunity to be heard before the government acts to take away one's life, liberty, or property. Also, a constitutional guarantee that a law shall not be unreasonable, Arbitrary, or capricious.
Economics the branch of knowledge concerned with the production, consumption, and transfer of wealth.
Emancipated Free from bondage
Enfranchise to give the right to vote
Enumerated to mention separately as if in counting; name one by one; specify, as in a list:
Federalism ?
Forty-niners a prospector in the California gold rush of 1849.
Free Interprise an economic system in which private business operates in competition and largely free of state control.
Habeas Corpus letting a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court to secure the person's release unless lawful grounds are shown for their detention.
Industry economic activity concerned with the processing of raw materials and manufacture of goods in factories
Judicial this is the branch of government that interprets the law and holds trials in a court house. There are 9 Justices in the highest court in the land, The Supreme Court.
Ku Klux Klan A group of usually southerners who believe in white power and were known for being very sneaky and attacking at night. They spread their beliefs with violence.
Manifest Destiny The belief that america should be expanded west to the coast
Martyr a person who is killed because of their religious or other beliefs.
Monopoly the exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a commodity or service.
Nomadic Anything that moves around a lot
Override to have a large enough amount of votes that can replace the presidents vote
Popular Sovereignty when the people are the source of political power
Ratify making something valid by giving consent
Radical to be extreme about what you believe in
Republicanism a political party that originated in the north and believes in equal rights and harsh punishment on southerners
Robber Baron A business man who makes his money by shortening workers pay with longer hours, crushes all competition, keeps all of his money, and doesn't care about anything but his company
Rural an area where there is not a lot of people of buildings outside of urban city
Separation of Power Not one branch of government has more power than another
Social Darwinism like survival of the fittest where people with the best suitable living conditions will proseper
Suffrage the right to vote in public elections
Supreme Court the highest court in the land with 9 justices. This is where the most challenging trials are held.
Tariff A tax on goods a country imports or exports.
Taxation without representation British parliament taxed Americans without giving them a say on the matter so they rallied and chanted this line
Trade union a union where they protect the rights and work conditions of laborers in a large company
Urban an area with a high population and large company's with factories and large buildings
Veto to reject
Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence, and the third President of the United States.
Andrew Jackson He was a president who signed the indian removal act, removing indians from their home territory. He is liked by people who believed in manifest destiny and hated by indians who were on the trail of tears.
Sacagawea she was a huge help in the lewis and clark exposition by communicating with other indians, informing them with knowledge of land, all while being pregnant and then carrying her baby.
James Polk James K. Polk expanded the borders of the United States to the Pacific Ocean, added three states to the Union, started the Naval Academy, commissioned the Washington Monument, and issued the first postage stamp.
Frederick douglass He was a freed slave who was famous for writing the newspaper called Liberator, and his most famous Narrative of Frederick Douglass .
Harriet Beecher Stowe She was a northerner who saw the darkness in slavery, so she wrote a book called Uncle Toms Cabin that is a fictional story about a slave.
John Brown a man who believed in violence to overturn the issue of slavery. He also led the harpers ferry raid./
Robert E. Lee A general for the south who was very powerful and led the strongest army in the south. When he surrendered during the civil war, the war was over.
Andrew Johnson he was the vice president of the United States when Abe Lincoln was assassinated. He the 1st and only president to be impeached. His nickname was the Veto president due to him always vetoing the bills that come to him.
Susan B. Anthony an American feminist who played an important role in the women's suffrage movement and was committed to social equality
Sitting Bull a Hunkpapa Lakota holy man who led his people as a tribal chief during years of resistance to United States government policies.
George Custer a U.S. cavalry officer who served with distinction in the American Civil War, is better known for leading more than 200 of his men to their deaths in the Battle of the Little Bighorn in June 1876
Cornelius Vanderbilt an American business magnate and philanthropist who built his wealth in railroads and shipping
John Rockefeller an American business man and philanthropist and a co-founder of the Standard Oil Company, which dominated the oil industry and was the first great U.S. business trust.
Andrew Carnegie led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry by being the 1st to mass produce steel and was a philanthropist for America and the British Empire
Jamestown the first successful English settlement on the mainland of North America, founded on May 14, 1607
Plymouth English colonial trip in North America from 1620 to 1691. The first settlement of the Plymouth Colony was at New Plymouth, a location previously surveyed and named by Captain John Smith.
Lexington and Concord 1st battle in the rev war
Erie Canal it connected Lake Erie and the Great Lakes system to the Hudson River, and thereby gave the western states direct access to the Atlantic Ocean
The Alamo a violent fight in texas with few american troops and lots of mexican
Harpers Ferry where John Brown had an organized rebellion
Fort Sumter beginning of the civil war
Gettysburg largest and bloodiest battle in the civil war giving the union morale
Appomattox Court House where the confeds surrendered
fords theater where abe was shot and died
Promontory Point Utah there the 2 railroads met to complete the transcontinental railroad. Union and Central Pacific Railroads joined their rails
Ellis and Angel islands immigrant boarding and living places
Declaration of Independance we are freed from british
Revolutionary War a war between british and america
Articles of Confederation The rough draft of the Constitution
Great compromise A combination of the Virginia plan and the New Jersey plan
Passing of the constitution The constitution begins with the bill of rights and is like a list of laws of the country must follow
Bill of Rights The first 10 amendments in the. Constitution
Louisiana purchase America purchased the Louisiana territory from France
Missouri compromise Missouri became a slave state and the line was made
Indian removal act also known as the trail of tears Andrew Jackson passed the switch moved all Indian tribes to Oklahoma so that whites may settle
Mexican American war America wanted California another Mexican territories so they went to war and it ended and Guadalupe Bay Hidalgo
California Gold Rush a huge boom in gold in california attracting alot of people
Homestead Act encouraged Western migration by providing settlers 160 acres of public land. In exchange, homesteaders paid a small filing fee and were required to complete five years of continuous residence before receiving ownership of the land.
Industrial revolution a time where america really boomed in the industrial field
Underground Railroad a secret chain of safe houses for runaway slaves
Seneca Falls a meeting of woman suffragists
Compromise of 1850 in an attempt to seek a compromise and avert a crisis between North and South, henry clay Fugitive Slave Act was amended and the slave trade in Washington, D.C., was abolished
Kansas Nebraska Act kansas and nebraska residents could vote on the issue of slavery
Dred Scott vs Sanford African Americans, whether enslaved or free, could not be American citizens
Bleeding Kansas missouri people would come and wreak violence in order to get there illegal votes in
Civil war a war between north and south
Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in the states of rebellion
Civil war draft riots riots in new york over 4 days to protest the rich being able to pay out of the draft
Gettysburg adress lincoln's most famous speech after a bloody battle in a graveyard
Reconstruction a time where our country was trying to rebuild itself after the civil war
Civil war amendments 13th 14th 15th
Completion of the transcontinental railroad GOLD SPIKE AND PROMONTORY POINT
Indian Wars wars between tribes in rebellion to the usa wanting their land
Gilded age a time where we had an economic boom
Populist party a political party where it is for the people and their beliefs
Plessy vs furgason desegregated schools so blacks and whites can go to school together
Fugitive slave Act any slave found that has run away may be captured and returned to their master for a prize of cash
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