Flashcards by hoffmjac000, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by hoffmjac000 almost 6 years ago


Jacob Hoffmans last WYNTK

Resource summary

Question Answer
Amendment Things added to the constitution that give American citizens more powers and rights.
Assimilate To take in and make as your own.
Bias When someone shows favoritism towards someone or something.
Bicameral Bi means two and cameral means house. two houses of congress/legislature/senate.
Blockade To block out port cities so they cant get or ship anything in or out.
Capitalism Americans use this. The idea of having competition between people and businesses.
Captain of Industry People who are at the top of the business. They are smart and have earned to be where they are.
Checks and Balances To keep one of the branches of government from becoming to powerful.
Due process of Law Fair treatment through the normal judicial system
Economics The branch of knowledge concerned with the production, consumption, and transfer of wealth
Emancipated To be free of something; mostly referring to a slave
Enfranchise Give the right to vote to
Enumerated Establish the number of.
Federalism A method of government that allows 2 or more entries to share control. The United States uses this.
Forty-niners People that came to California for the gold rush in 1849 were called this.
Free enterprise An economic system in which private businesses operate in competition and largely free of state control.
Habeas Corpus A law requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court.
Industry Economic activity concerned with the processing of raw materials and manufacture of goods in factories.
Judicial Appropriate to a court or Judge.
Ku Klux Klan America's first terrorist group; meant to strike fear to Blacks and showed white supremacy.
Martyr A person who dies for their religion or beliefs.
Manifest Destiny The belief of expanding westward
Monopoly The exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a commodity of service.
Boomtown When a city or town booms with in population.
Nomadic When a person moves around a lot.
Override When congress rejects a decision or idea
Popular sovereignty The government is created and sustained by the people. (rule by the people)
Ratify To say yes to or approve.
Radical Extreme.
Republicanism Society or state as a republic where the head of state is a representative of the people who hold popular sovereignty.
Robber Baron Cruel business men who stop at nothing to achieve great wealth.
Rural The countryside or farming towns; opposite of the City or Urban.
Separation of Powers To make the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government are in separate bodies.
Social Darwinism The theory that people are to the same laws of survival of the fittest.
Suffrage The right to vote in political elections.
Tariff A tax to be paid particularly of imports and exports.
Taxation without representation A slogan of The Revolutionary War, when the British would tax the American colonist.
Trade Union To promote the common interest. Also a labor Union.
Urban The opposite of rural; city life, busy, big.
veto When the president says no to a bill.
Thomas Jefferson Our 3rd president. Made the Louisiana Purchase with the French.
Andrew Jackson Americas first common man president.
Sacagawea Famous Native American who traveled with Lewis and Clark on their expedition as a translator and tour guide.
James K Polk Mr Manifest Destiny, got the most land than any other American president.
Frederick Douglass Escaped Slave who wrote about his experiences. First American abolitionist.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Author of Uncle Toms Cabin.
John Brown A violent abolitionist, led the terrorist attack in Harpers ferry, Virginia
Robert E lee The Confederate soldier who won the most battles for the South. Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse
Andrew Johnson The president that took over after Abraham Lincoln. Also the president that vetoed the most bills.
Susan B Anthony Leader of the woman's suffrage, partnered up with Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Sitting Bull Leader of the Lakota tribe. Was shot and killed at wounded Knee.
George Custer An American General who lost his life at Little Bighorn.
Cornelius Vanderbilt Made his gigantic profit off of transportation.
John Rockefeller The richest man to ever live, made his profit off of oil.
Andrew Carnegie Made this big profit off of steel, first created in Pittsburgh.
Jamestown The first American settlement established in 1607.
Plymouth The 2nd American settlement established in 1620. Had the first Thanksgiving here.
Lexington and Concord The first battle of the Revolutionary war. Paul Revere sounded the alarm "the British are coming"
Erie Canal The first man made water way in America extending across central New York.
Alamo One of the famous historical sites fought at in the Mexican American War.
Harpers Ferry The site where the terrorist attack led by John Brown took place.
Fort Sumter The first battle in the Civil War. The confederates won.
Gettysburg The bloodiest battle in all of the Civil War.
Appomattox Courthouse Where Robert E Lee surrendered ending the Civil War.
Fords Theatre Where president Abe Lincoln was shot and killed by John Wilkes Booth.
Promontory Point, Utah Where the Pacific railroads join together.
Ellis and Angel Island The ports where immigrants would come into America. Ellis island where the European immigrants and Angel island is where Usually Chinese came.
Declaration Of Independence This document established that America is its own country and not under British rule.
Revolutionary War The war that made America break away from British rule, America won.
Articles of Confederation Document that stated as the 13 colonies first constitution.
The Great Compromise Made for proportional representation in the house, and one representative per state in the senate.
Passing of the Constitution Established Americas national government and fundamental laws and guaranteed citizens certain basic rights.
Adding the Bill of Rights To ensure individual freedom and several of which apply to criminal law rights.
Louisiana Purchase Signed by Thomas Jefferson, given by the French gave the U.S. 827,000 sq. miles of land.
Missouri Compromise Ensured that Missouri would be a slave state and Maine would be a free state. Meant to balance out slave and free states.
Indian Removal Act or trail of Tears Signed by Andrew Jackson, made 5 Indian tribes walk several miles to Oklahoma while many didn't survive on the way.
Mexican-American War The war between Mexico and America settling the dispute over Texas
California Gold Rush In 1849 that spiked miners to come to California over gold.
Homestead Act Federal laws that gave applicant ownership of land, typically at little or no cost.
Industrial Revolution The part in time that spiked rural towns to become into Urban cities. Mostly everything was invented in this time period.
Underground Railroad Organized by Harriet Tubman, a secret organization that gave thousands of slaves the chance to runaway.
Seneca Falls Convention The first convention that helped woman's suffrage rights led by Susan B Anthony and Elizabeth Stanton
Compromise of 1850 Creating California as a free state and the rest of Mexican territory voted by popular sovereignty.
Kansas-Nebraska Act The act that decided whether Kansas and Nebraska would be a free or slave state decided by popular sovereignty.
Fred Scott V. Sanford The decision that stated whether the Missouri slave would be free or a slave in the North.
Fugitive Slave Act The Act that enforced all runaway Slaves to be returned to their owners or the South.
Bleeding Kansas Series of violent political confrontations in the USA involving anti slavery free staters and pro slavery Border Ruffians.
Civil War The war that decided the disputes between the North and South, mostly belonging to Civil War.
Emancipation Proclamation Issued by Abraham Lincoln, stated that all Slaves are free.
Civil War draft riots Riots disputed when Union and Confederates needed people to fight in the war and were drafted into it.
Gettysburg Address Abraham Lincolns famous speech right after the battle of Gettysburg.
Reconstruction Era after the civil war.
Civil War amendments The 13th 14th and 15 amendments
Transcontinental Railroad This made imported goods be able to ship faster and get across the U.S.
Indian Wars Several disputes between Native Americans and Americans. The last won was Wounded Knee.
The Gilded Age The time period after the Industrial Revolution.
Populist Party Created in 1891, a party to help the common people.
Plessy V Ferguson Supreme Court case upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities containing to "separate but equal"
Congress Legislature of the federal government of consisting of two houses; the senate and House of Representatives
Supreme Court Highest court in the judicial branch.
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