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Celia Kistner
Flashcards by Celia Kistner, updated more than 1 year ago
Celia Kistner
Created by Celia Kistner almost 6 years ago
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100 vocab words about civil war and more

Resource summary

Question Answer
Habeas Corpus Requiring people that have been arrested to be seen at court.
Industry Economic activity with the processing of raw material and manufacturing of goods in factories.
Judicial Pertaining to judgement at court
Ku Klux Klan A secret organization in the southern U.S. During the Civil War that was to promote white supremacy and scare carpetbaggers.
Manifest destiny A belief of the expansion of the U.S. To the west that God was telling them to do.
Martyr A person who is killed because of their religion or belief
Monopoly An extreme control of the supply and trade in a service
Normadic Someone who moves a lot
Override An authority to reject or cancel a decision
Popular sovereignty The authority of the government is in the control of the people by vote.
Ratify To approve
Radical An extreme section of a political party
Republicanism Governing a state as a republic where the head of the state is a representative of the people.
Robber baron Someone who would do anything to get money and pay his workers unfairly.
Rural In the countryside rather than the city
Separation of Powers Where powers and responsibilities are divided equally between legislative, judicial and executive branch.
Social Darwinism That The laws of evolution also occur in humans and society.
Suffrage The right to vote in political elections.
Supreme Court The highest judicial court in a country or state.
Tariff The duties made by the government for imports and exports
Taxation without representation When the government gives taxes to a certain group of citizens without their consent
Trade union A labor union of workers
Urban Relating to a city or town
Veto To decline
Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson was the third president of the United States. He wrote the declaration of independence and was a founding father.
Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson was the seventh president and was poor growing up. He became a wealthy lawyer and was one of the most influential people in his time. He was the leader and starter of the Democratic Party and was mostly known as responsible for moving Indians West
Sacagawea She was a Shoshone interpreter and born from a Shoshone chief. She was the only women on the Lewis and Clark expedition. On the trip to the pacific she carried along her new born child. She also was a good resource to find food and other resources.
James K. Polk He was the 11th president. During his presidency the American territory grew over 1/3 and extended all over the continent. He reformed the national banking system and lead us into the Mexican-American war with led us to getting California.
Frederick Douglass Frederick Douglass used to be a slave and was the first African-American to have a high ranking in government. He was an abolitionist
Harriet Beecher Stowe She was a author for one of the most famous books uncle Tom's cabin. She was also a social activist and abolitionist
John Brown He was a civil rights activist. He led the raid of Harpers Ferry and was a radical abolitionist. He led raids to pro-slavery residents often with his sons.
Robert E. Lee He was the leading confederate general during the civil war. He turned down an offer to lead the union forces by president Lincoln and decided to fight for the south.
Andrew Johnson He was the 17th president after being put into office after President Lincoln was assassinated. He was the first president to be impeached. He was known as the veto president because he vetoed everything the congress proposed.
Susan B. Anthony She was a social reformer and feminist. She was a important role in the woman suffrage movement.
Sitting bull He was one of the few Chief of Indians that fought back against the US. He won The Battle of Little Big Horn against the US troops. While in Canada he surrended because they were starving to death and was put on a reservation. He was known for his ghost dance.
George Custer He was a United States Army officer during the Civil War. He was also a Calvary commander in the American Indian war. He had very good luck by not getting injured and called it Custers luck.
Cornelius Vanderbilt He was also known as the sobriquet commondore. He was a business magnate and a philanthropist. He made his money off our shipping and railroads.
John Rockefeller He was the founder of the standard oil company and a huge philanthropist. He became one of the wealthiest man's during his time. By the 1880s he controlled almost 90% of the refineries. Some people accused him of monopolizing the oil business.
Andrew Carnegie He was a Scottish American Industrialist that lead to huge expansion of the American steel industry. He was one of the wealthiest 19th century businessmen. His steel making revolutionized steel production. He was a philanthropist and donated almost all of his money to education.
Jamestown Was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas.
Plymouth The site of the colony founded in 1820 by the pilgrims. This is where people from the Mayflower settled. Also where new England was established.
Lexington and Concorde These places are known for where the British were going to capture the Hollyknoll leaders John Hancock and Sam Adams. Concorde was where they were going to seize gunpowder. This is also where the minute man shouted " the British are coming!"
Erie Canal It was significant because it connected Lake Erie and The Great Lakes system to the Hudson River. It gave Western states direct access to the Atlantic ocean.
The Alamo A Mexican army came to invade the Alamo with thousands of soldiers fighting. The Alamo defenders only had about 200 people and resisted the Mexican army for 13 days until they were over powered.
Harpers Ferry John Brown deleted a raid to Harpers Ferry to gather weapons to free slaves and attack slaveholders.
Fort Sumter This is where the first shots of the Civil War were shot on April 12 1861
Gettysburg This is in Pennsylvania and is where the battle of Gettysburg was fought during the Civil War and Abraham Lincolns famous speech Gettysburg address was spoken.
Appomattox Courthouse This was a town in Virginia where Lee's army surrender to the union during the Civil War.
Ford's theater This is where Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth.
Promontory point, Utah Marked the moment the United States became the United States.
Ellis and Angel Island Angle island was where Chinese immigrants came to the U.S. And Ellie island was for people from Germany Europe and Britain.
Declaration of Independence It declared our independence from England in 1776.
Revolutionary war This war was fought by Britain and America and ultimately lead United States from declaring freedom from Britain.
Articles of confederation The first constitution of the United States that failed to enforce the laws they made.
The great compromise This compromise was based on how many representatives a state would have. Larger states with a bigger population favored the Virginia plan which would be you had more representative if you had more people. The New Jersey plan would be you have the same amount of representatives no matter the population. of each state.
Civil war The war between the northern Part of the United States and the confederate states in the 1860's
Emancipation proclamation When Abraham Lincoln freed all slaves in the south forever.
Underground Railroad A network of secret routes and safe houses to help enslaved blacks get to free states and Canada, run by Harriet Tubman.
Louisiana purchase A land deal between the U.S. and France that gained us 827,000 square miles of land for $15 million dollars west of the Mississippi River.
Fugitive slave act Allowed officers of the south to go into the north to try to find runaway slaves and bring them back to their owners.
Compromise of 1850 The fugitive slave act was amended and the slave trade in Washington, D.C. Was abolished.
Homestead act Signed by president Lincoln, was to encourage people to move west and he would give them 160 acres of free land. But in order to officially own it you had to live there for 5 years.
Industrial revolution Transition to new manufacturing processes beginning in the 1760's to the 1820's-40's.
Kansas-Nebraska act Opened new Territories in the Kansas and Nebraska areas. Took away the Missouri compromise of 1850 by letting white male settlers to choose through popular sovereignty whether they would have slaves or not.
Bleeding Kansas Between 1854-1861, when pro slavery people and free staters/ anitslavery people had political riots in the Kansas territories.
Fred Scott v. Sanford A black slave went to court because he wanted to be free because he had been living in a free state. But they ruled that he couldn't go to court because he was not a citizen and was considered property.
Passing of the constitution The foundation of our new country and government.
Adding the bill of rights Added individual freedom and rights to the constitution.
Indian removal act Let Andrew Johnson negotiate with the Indians tribes in the southern part of the U.S. To move west of the Mississippi River.
Missouri compromise It prohibited slavery in the Louisiana territory above the 36 30 parallel line except Missouri.
Mexican-American war The first armed conflict the U.S. Had or foreign ground. The Mexicans were unprepared. It started on the Rio Grande and was followed by more U.S. wins. He gained present day California, Utah, Arizona, Nevada and New Mexico.
California gold rush Started in 1849, people found lots of gold in mountains and tons of people started heading west hoping to gain a fortune.
Seneca falls convention It was a women's right convention in New York that started July 9, 1848. The first one in the U.S. And Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Stanton organized it.
Civil War draft riots White males in between the age of 20–45 were eligible to have to fight in the war. But you could pay $300 to have somebody else do it for you. So people with not very much money got frustrated and created a riot.
Gettysburg address A famous speech by Abraham Lincoln after the battle of Gettysburg one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War.
Reconstruction The time right after the Civil War that would eventually let the rebellious southern states back into the union under certain conditions.
Civil war amendments 13th- freed salves 14th-gave blacks citizenship -5th- gave black males right to vote
Completion of transcontinental railroad Made traveling faster than ever before. People and supplies could get to one side of the country to the other in a matter of days rather than months.
Indian war Wars between Western settlers and Indians tribes while we were moving west.
Gilded age Iron and steel demand went up. As did silver and gold during the gilded age. So did railroads as The development of them were becoming more popular as trains moved across the country.
Populist party Short political party that was said to be the left wing of American politics. Was very critical of capitalism.
Plessy vs. ferguson Hey blackmail refuse to sit in the Jim Crow car on a train. So he brought it to court because a white told him that he was breaking the 13th and 14th amendment. In the court ruled that he was not breaking those amendments.
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