OCR GCSE History-Paper Two: The Liberal Reforms 1906-14 Poverty to Welfare State NEW FOR 2015!!!

I Turner
Flashcards by , created about 4 years ago

Part of OCR GCSE History-Paper Two: The Liberal Reforms 1906-14 Poverty to Welfare State from he specification. This exam is NEW FOR 2015!!!

I Turner
Created by I Turner about 4 years ago
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Question Answer
Why did the liberals implement social reforms? -New Liberalism -Industrial Decline and National Efficiency -Boer War -The Rise of Socialism
Why was New Liberalism important? New figures in the party were very influential: DAVID LLOYD GEORGE WINSTON CHURCHILL
Why was Industrial Decline and National Efficiency important? -Britain was the world's leading industrial power -From 1870's onwards, Germany & USA challenged Britain -Germany had rapid economic development -It seemed to be linked to a healthier, better educated and more efficient workforce
Why was the Boer War important? -1899-1902 -Volunteer recruits were unfit for service because of ill health -60% of volunteers declared unfit
Why was the Rise of Socialism important? -Reform contained the rise -Liberals hoped to undermine support for the new Labour Party
What was Lloyd George's Budget? (1910) 1908 "PEOPLE'S BUDGET": -Tax on the rich to increase lifestyle of the poor 1909 "PEOPLE'S BUDGET": -Social insurance partly financed by land and income taxes
What Liberal Reform acts helped Children? 1906 EDUCATION ACT: School dinners for the needy 1907 EDUCATION ACT: Medical departments in schools 1908 CHILDREN AND YOUNG PERSONS ACT: Recognised the legal rights of a child, Juvenile courts set up 1912 SCHOOL CLINICS: Treat children and provide medical care
What Liberal Reform acts helped the Old? 1909 OLD AGE PENSIONS ACT: -Non-contributory scheme 5s per week. -Pensions paid through post office -Paid only to those with income under £31 per year and passed a 'character test'
What Liberal Reform acts helped the Unemployed? 1909 LABOUR EXCHANGES ACT: places for workers to go and claim benefits and obtain work 1911-1912 NATIONAL INSURANCE ACT (PART 2): Continue to get payment for a number of weeks after job loss. Contibutions by employer, employee and state
What Liberal Reform acts helped the ill? 1911 NATIONAL INSURANCE ACT (PART 1): Compulsory insurance against sickness if earning under £160 per year. Contributions by employer, employee and state
What Liberal Reform acts helped the Low Paid? 1909 TRADE BOARDS ACT: Minimum wage for box-making, tailoring & lace making. For approx. 200,00 workers 1912 MINES ACT: Established minimum wage for miners
What was the main complain about Liberal Reforms? THE RICH: -Didn't like paying taxes to help the poor -Believed it was the poor's fault that they were in poverty THE POOR: -Pensions only for over 70's with proof of age -Shame at accepting pensions -Poor couldn't afford national insurance SOME NEVER NEEDED SICK LEAVE