Tacitus, Book 4 Events and People (Set)

Flashcards by ShelleyL, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by ShelleyL almost 6 years ago


The main parts of Tacitus, Book 4, the First Treason Trials. Inc details on Maiestas trials, Tiberius' advancement of both Germanicus and Drusus etc Some names are simple abbreviated, for example Tiberius is often referred to a 'T', Livia 'L' and Germanicus 'G' etc

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Libo Drusus, Tacitus, Book 4 Catus (informer) had previously reported to T of Libo's interest in the Caesars. Junius, whom Libo had approached to perform necromancy, reported him to a prosecutor. Lib begged T for mercy, who continued to read the accusations without emotion. H was found to have consulted a fortune-teller if he would be richer than the imperial family. T bought his slaves so they could be tortured for information. Libo begged T again for mercy, but was asked to take it up to the Senate. He killed himself at home, after which T said he would have helped him.
T as Censor, Tacitus, Book 4 Quintus Haterius wanted to limit extravagance in Rome, stating the use of gold plates and silk clothes in private should be prohibited. T denied his role as censor; if he should become censor he would be invading people's privacy by inspecting if they abide by the laws; if he should not he would allow for extravagance to continue.
Urgulania, Tacitus, Book 4 Lucius Piso summoned Urgulania to court, but, believing her friendship with L made her above the law, she denied this. L complained to T that this claim against her friend was an insult to her dignity. T decided to represent Urgulania before Lucius Piso, but as her Pater Familias rather than the princeps; if he represented her as emperor he would sway the Senate's judgement; if he did nothing he would let U get away with her supposed crimes. He did this by removing himself from the PG.
Hortensius Hortalus, Tacitus, Book 4 Was previously given 1 million sesterces by A to get married and have children, but now was growing poor. He went to the Senate House with his four sons and appealed to T and the Senate. Tacitus describes that T took no time to decline as the Senate looked so favourably to the idea. T says that if he gives Hortensius money, it would degrade the Senate to a charity and everyone would start asking for money. The Senate was made to raise public matters. T gave each of his sons 200,000 sesterces each.
Clemens, Tacitus, Book 4 Was the slave of Agrippa Postumus. When he heard of Augustus' death, he wanted to save Agrippa and conduct him to the armies in Germany. Finding he was already dead, he let his hair and beard grow and pretended to be Agrippa. He had other slaves spread rumours that Agrippa was still alive. Great crowds at Ostia greeted him. T had him taken to the palace and killed him secretly.
T's love (or hatred) for G, Tacitus, Book 4 After his campaign in Germany, G celebrated a triumph over many German tribes such as the Cherusci. T distributed 300 sesterces a head in the population and held a public banquet. Yet people still didn't believe T's affection to be sincere.
Archelaus, Tacitus, Book 4 Archelaus had been king of Cappadocia for over 50 years. Back when T retired to Rhodes he didn't pay him the correct respect and visit. T had L send a letter to A, in which did not hide T's resentment. T's reception of A was unrelenting - he was worn out not by charges, but by distress and old age.
Germanicus in the East, Tacitus, Book 4 Commagene and Armenia were unsettled by the deaths of their dependant kings. Problems had arisen in Syria and Judaea, where provincials were finding the taxes oppressive. G was sent to solve all these problems (as he was much older than Drusus at the time). T gave him Imperium Proconsulare Maius - power (imperium) of the proconsuls (proconsulare) more (maius).
Cnaeus Piso, Tacitus, Book 4 Apparently appointed to suppress G's ambitions. According to one view, Piso had received instructions from T, Plancina from L to do in regard to Agrippina, who was too growing largely popular. Tacitus claims that T supported his own blood son, but he was more popular and had a more distinguished wife!
Drusus' Advancement, Tacitus, Book 4 D was sent to Illyricum to introduce him to army life and win the favour of the troops. This was also to stop his extravagant lifestyle in Rome. Tacitus claims that T would feel safer with both his sons leading armies.
Earthquake in Asia, Tactius, Book 4 12 famous cities in Asia were struck with an earthquake, most significantly Sardis. T promised Sardis 10 million sesterces and to relieve them of taxes for 5 years.
Aemilia Musa, Tacitus, Book 4 She died inestate (without having written a will) and her property was to be given to T. T transferred this to Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, with whose house she was apparently connected.
Pantuleius, Tactius, Book 4 Was a rich member of the order of knights. T was named as one of his legatees (inheritor), but he handed the property having found an earlier will which named Marcus Servilius as heir.
Appuleia Varilla, Tacitus, Book 4 Was charged for speaking ill of Augustus, L and T, and for committing adultery. The adultery offence was dealt with by the Julian Law, but she was only condemned for her words against A, and not T and L.
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