Marine Bio

Pedro Zaragoza
Flashcards by Pedro Zaragoza, updated more than 1 year ago
Pedro Zaragoza
Created by Pedro Zaragoza about 6 years ago
119
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Description

Marine Bio Taxonomy with pictures.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Phlum Arthropoda Subphylum Crustacea Class Maxillopoda Subclass Copepodo Halo plankton/Most abundant
Phlum Arthropoda Subphylum Crustacea Class Maxillopoda Subclass Ostracoda Round globular/holoplankton/ Sea "fleas"
Phlum Arthropoda Subphylum Crustacea Class Maxillopoda Subclass Cirripedia cilli filter feeder/longest penis on the planet
Phlum Arthropoda Subphylum Crustacea Class Malacostraca Subclass Eumalacostraca Super order Eucarida Order Decapoda (Lobster) "Natant"- Swimming "Chelate"-pinchers 90 degree tail fused carapace
Phlum Arthropoda Subphylum Crustacea Class Malacostraca Subclass Eumalacostraca Super order Eucarida Order Euphausiacea feeding baskets & Swimming legs
Phlum Arthropoda Subphylum Crustacea Class Malacostraca Subclass Eumalacostraca Super order pericarida Order Amphipoda (Amphipod) Large Eye Usually Transparent
Phlum Arthropoda Subphylum Crustacea Class Malacostraca Subclass Eumalacostraca Super order pericarida Order Mysida Rostrum "Point above head" Statocusts on Tail "Eyes on tail"
Phylum Arthropoda Subphylum Chelicerata Class Merostomata (Horse shoe crab) Benthic Blue Blood Tropical
Phylum Arthropoda Subphylum Chelicerata Class Maxillopoda Subclass Hoplocarida Order Stomatopoda Mantis Shrimp
Phylum Chrysophyta Division Bacillariophyta (Diatoms) Siliceous
Phylum Pyrophyta Division Dinophycea (Dinoflagellata)
Phylum Coccolithophoridae or Haptophyta
Phylum Sarcodinia Class Radiolarians
Phylum Sarcodinia Class Foraminifera
"Phytoplankton" Phylum Chaetognatha Class Sagittoidea (ARROW WORM)
Phylum Annelida Class Polychaeta Paropodia
Phylum Porifera Class Demospongia (BATH SPONGE)
Pylum Porifera Class Hexanctillindae (GLASS SPONGE)
Phylum Porifera Class Calcarea (ROCK OR ENCRUSTING)
Phylum Cnidaria Class Hydrozoa Order Chondrophora "BY THE WIND SAILOR" "Vellela vellela"
Phylum Cnidaria Class Hydrozoa Order Siphonophora "Portuguese Man o' War" "Physalia physalis"
Phylum Cnidaria Class Hydrozoa Order Hydroidea
Phylum Cnidaria Class Scyphozoa Order Coronata "TRUE SEA JELLIES"
Phylum Cnidaria Class Anthozoa Order Actiniaria "SEA ANEMONES"
Phylum Cnidaria Class Anthozoa Order Scleractinio "Stony Corals"
Phylum Echinodermata Class Asteroidea Order Forcipulata
Phylum Echinodermata Class Ophinroidea "BRITTLE STARS"
Phylum Echinodermata Class Euryalida "BASKET STARS"
Phylum Echinodermata Class Echinoidea Order Echinoida "SEA URCHIN"
Phylum Echinodermata Class Echinoidea Order Clypeasteroida "SAND DOLLAR"
Phylum Echinodermata Class Holothuroidea "SEA CUCUMBER" detravores
Phylum Echinodermata Class Crinoidea (Crinoids)
Phylum Mollusca Class Bivalvia (clams, mussel)
Phylum Mollusca Class Gastropoda Subclass Opisthobranchia Order Sacoglossa "SEA SLUGS" Photosynthetic
Phylum Mollusca Class Gastropoda Subclass Opisthobranchia Order Anaspidea "SEA HARE"
Phylum Mollusca Class Gastropoda Subclass Opisthobranchia Order Nudibranchia
Phylum Mollusca Class Gastropoda Subclass Opisthobranchia Order Thecosomata "SEA BUTTERFLIES W/SHELL" Pteropods - can have use for torsion on a shell
Phylum Mollusca Class Gastropoda Subclass Opisthobranchia Order Gymnosomata "SEA ANGELS"
Phylum Mollusca Class Gastropoda Subclass Prosobranchia "TORTED SNAILS"
Phylum Mollusca Class Gastropoda Subclass Prosobranchia Order Archaeogastropoda "Ancient Snail" & "Keyhole Limpets"
Phylum Mollusca Class Gastropoda Subclass Prosobranchia Order Mesogastropoda "Conch - Bubble Snails"
Phylum Mollusca Class Gastropoda Subclass Prosobranchia Order Mesogastropoda Super family Heteropoda NO NEED FOR SHELL -SEA ANGEL, etc
Phylum Mollusca Class Gastropoda Subclass Prosobranchia Order Neogastropoda "NEW SNAILS"
Phylum Mollusca Class Aplacophora
Phylum Mollusca Class Monoplacophora "1 PLATE LIMPET"
Phylum Mollusca Class Polyplacophora
Phylum Mollusca Class Scaphopoda "Tusk Shells"
Phylum Mollusca Class Cephalopoda Subclass Coleoida Order Sepiodea "CUDDLE FISH"
Phylum Mollusca Class Cephalopoda Subclass Coleoida Order Teuthoidea "SQUID" SUBORDER - MYOPSIDAE (corneal membrane) OEGOPSIDA (no corneal membrae)
Phylum Mollusca Class Cephalopoda Subclass Coleoida Order Vampyromorpha
Phylum Mollusca Class Cephalopoda Subclass Coleoida Order Octopoda "Octopus"
Torsion Twisting of the visceral mass found in class gastropod
Hemocoel A body cavity in invertebrates that allows oxygenated blood and de-oxygenated blood to mix. Part of circulatory system.
Coriolis Effect Due to earth spinning on axis west to east and the equator having to travel longer than the poles, objects like air and water deflect at 45 degrees: Northern Hemisphere: Clockwise Southern Hemisphere: CounterClockwise -effect is enhanced by wind -Deflection at 45 degrees gives us Ekmann spirals. Ekmann spirals transport oxygen to lower depths. Also, it allows for organisms to relocate.
Convection Giars (TRADE WINDS) Heating at the equator causes warm air to rise at the equator and less dense air to go below it creating convection giars (TRADE WINDS)
Nematocyst Specialized cells in the tentacles of cnidarians that deliver toxic stings
Semalparity One sexual encounter then you die
Upwelling Winds push surface water away and cold nutrient rich water below rises to replace the pushed away surface water. This stimulates the growth and reproduction of primary producers
Statocysts A small organ of balance in invertebrates. Fluid filled sac Helps indicate position when the animal moves
Distinguish among these Crustaceans 1. Mysids 2. Euphausiids 3. Natant Decapod 1. Mysids have a marsupium in females that allow females to rear their larvae Mysids have free carapace Mysids have a rostrum (a point above head) 2. Euphausiids have thoraciclegs used as feeding baskets 3. Decapods have first 2 pairs as chelate (pinchers)
Hadal Zone
Crustacean Question Taxonomy Phylum Arthropoda Subphylum Crustacea Class Malacostraca Subclass eumalacostraca Superorder Eucaroda Order Decapoda & Order Euphausiacea Superorder Pericarida Order Mysida
Algae Pigments Chlorophytes - (Unicellular or multicellular, live mostly in fresh water, few marine, Chlorophyll-a & b Rhodophytes (highly varied in all ways, mostly multicellular)- Phycobili and Chlorophyll a & c (often) Phaeophyta (usually have evident plant parts [holdfast,stipe,pneumatocyst,blade] All multicellular, exclusive saltwater dwellers, adapted to intense activity] - Fucoxanthin and clorophyll a and c,
Holoplankton vs Meroplankton Holoplankton (Physalia physalis) are plankton for their entire lives living only in the water column Meroplankton (Larvae from sea stars) are plankton only for part of their lives, living some as benthic animals
Cnidaria vs Ctenophora 1. Cnidaria have a benthic polyp stage and Ctenophora do not. 2. Ctenophora use cilia to move unlike true jellies that propel themselves. 3. Ctenophores have cilia in 8 comb rows down their body 4. Cnidaria have nematocysts 5. Cnidarians have radial symmetry - Ctenophora are radial or biradial symmetrical 6. Both have tentacles although ctenophora can be tentacle-free. 7. Cnidaria contains class anthozoa which are plant like animals- nothing like ctenophora
Subduction Zone When a tectonic plate goes under another plate
Water's Special Properties 1. Small Molecule (active and reactive) 2. Polar (sticky) 3. Nature of Hydrogen Bonding (covalent bonds require a lot of energy to break, associate and reassociate rapidly make ocean resistant to change. All make water resistant to change
HEAT SINKS 1. High ability to absorb heat without corresponding changes in temps 2. Warmer water on top = modifies climate of land masses
Ectothermic vs Endothermic Ecto - regulate by environment (more abundant) Endo - internally regulated
Currents Caused by super chilled antarctic water sinking and filling ocean basins. The warm water then rises and this convection is the creation of a current.
"Sea Zones" in order from surface to seafloor Intertidal Zone Euphotic (Epipelagic) (True Light) Dysphotic Zone (Mesopelagic) (Twilight) Bathypelagic (no light
Ecdysis Shedding an outer cuticle layer
Waves 1. Created by wind 2. Duration & Speed 3. Fetch (area covered by wind)
"Invertebrate-Vertebrates" Phylum Chrodate Subphylum Hemichordata Acorrn Worms
Rip Current When waves break more strongly in some locations, the formation of circulation cells occur. The cells result in long shore currents that converge in one single area (RIP TIDE). This area is a strong current back into the ocean.
Chordates 1. Notochord that lies the ventral side in embryos and some adults 2. Hollow nerve cord that lies dorsal to notochord 3. Pharyngeal Pouches 4. Post anal tail Urochordate -Have Exoskeleton made of proteins and carbohydrates.
Sponges (NO ORGANS,DIGESTIVE TRACT,MULTICELLULAR) Demospongia (bath sponge): made of spongin- very soft and spongy Calcarea (rock/encrusting): Spicules of calcium carbonate, very hard Hexanctillinidae (glass): made of siliceous spicules (6 rays intersecting at right angles), very hard
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Chondrichthyes (cartilagenous) Subclass Elasmobranchii (sharks, skates, rays) Order Lamniformes Family Lamnidae
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Chondrichthyes (cartilagenous) Subclass Elasmobranchii (sharks, skates, rays) Order Myliobatiformes (Rays) Family Myliobatidae
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Chondrichthyes (cartilagenous) Subclass Elasmobranchii (sharks, skates, rays) Order Rajiformes Family Rajidae (SKATES)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Chondrichthyes (cartilagenous) Subclass Elasmobranchii (sharks, skates, rays) Order Carcharhiniformes Family Carcharhinidae
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Actinopterygii (Ray bony fish) Order Anguilliformes Family Muraenidae
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Actinopterygii (Ray bony fish) Order Clupeiformes Family Clupeidae (SARDINES)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Actinopterygii (Ray bony fish) Order Clupeiformes Family Engraulidae (ANCHOVIES)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Actinopterygii (Ray bony fish) Order Argentiformes Family Platytrocidae (TUBE SHOULDER)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Actinopterygii (Ray bony fish) Order Stomiiformes (hatchet/dragon fish) Family Gonostomatidae (BRISTLE MOUTH)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Actinopterygii (Ray bony fish) Order Stomiiformes (hatchet/dragon fish) Family Sternoptchidae (Hatchet Fish)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Actinopterygii (Ray bony fish) Order Stomiiformes (hatchet/dragon fish) Family Stomiidae (Dragon FIsh)
Phylum Ctenophora Class Tentaculata AND Class Nuda
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Urochordata Class Ascidiacea (SEA SQUIRTS)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Urochordata Class Thaliacea (SALPS)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Urochordata Class Thaliacea Order Salpida
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Urochordata Class Appendiculata Oikopleurans
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Urochordata Class Appendiculata Larvaceans
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Subclass Gnathostomata Class Chondrichthyes Family Chimaeridae
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Agnatha Class Myxini Order Myxiniformes Family Myxinidae (HAG FISH)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Agnatha Class Cephalaspidomorphi Order Petromyzontiformes Family Petromyzontidae (LAMPREYS)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Actinopterygii Order Myotophiformes Family Myetophidae (LANTERN FISH)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Actinopterygii Order Lampriformes Family Lampridae (OPAH)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Actinopterygii Order Lampriformes Family Regaleidae (OARFISH)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Actinopterygii Order Godiformes Family Gadidae HAVE LIPS
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Actinopterygii Order Lophiformes Family Oneirodidae (DREAMERS)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Actinopterygii Order Syngnathiformes Family Syngnathidae (SEA HORSES)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Actinopterygii Order Beloniformes Family Hemiramphidae (HALF BEAK)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Actinopterygii Order Beloniformes Family Belonidae (NEEDLE BEAK)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Actinopterygii Order Perciformes Family Carangidae (JACKS)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Actinopterygii Order Perciformes Family Istiophoridae (BILLFISH)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Actinopterygii Order Perciformes Family Kyphosidae (MACKERELS)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Actinopterygii Order Perciformes Family Scombridae (TUNAS)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Actinopterygii Order Perciformes Family Xiphiidae (SWORD FISH)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Actinopterygii Order Tetraudontiformes Family Molidae (Mola mola)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Actinopterygii Order Pleuronectiformes (FLATFISH)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Gnathostomata Class Actinopterygii Order Scoraeniformes (Rock Fish)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Reptilia Order Testudines (Sea Turtles) Family Cheloniidae (Green Turtle)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Reptilia Order Squamata (Snakes and Lizards) Family Iguanidae
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Reptilia Order Squamata (Snakes and Lizards) Family Elapidae (Snake)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Aves Order Sphenisciformes Family Speniscidae (PENGUINS)
Old Orders 1.Procellariiformes (TUBE SNOUT) 2.Pelecaniformes (Pelican) 3.Charadriformes (Gulls) NEW COMBINED ORDER 1.Cicioniiformes 3 Old Orders and New order
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Aves Order Procellariiformes (TUBE SNOUTS)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Aves Order Pelecaniformes
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Aves Order Charadriformes (GULLS)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Mammalia Family Trichechidae (Manatee)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Mammalia Family Dugonidae (DUGONG)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Mammalia Order Carnivora Suborder Caniformia Family Ursidae (Polar Bear)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Mammalia Order Carnivora Suborder Caniformia Family Mustelidae SEA OTTER
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Mammalia Order Carnivora Suborder Pinnipedia Family Phocidae (SEAL)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Mammalia Order Carnivora Suborder Pinnipedia Family Otariidae (SEA LION)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Mammalia Order Carnivora Suborder Pinnipedia Family Odobenidae (WALRUS)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Mammalia Order Cetacea (Baleen Whales) Suborder Mysticeti (Baleen Whales) Family Eschrichtiidae (GRAY WHALE)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Mammalia Order Cetacea (Baleen Whales) Suborder Mysticeti (Baleen Whales) Family Balaenidae (BLUE WHALE)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Mammalia Order Cetacea (Baleen Whales) Suborder Odontoceti (toothed whales) Family Delphinidae
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Mammalia Order Cetacea (Baleen Whales) Suborder Odontoceti (toothed whales) Family Phocoenidae (PORPOISES)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Mammalia Order Cetacea (Baleen Whales) Suborder Odontoceti (toothed whales) Family Physeteridae
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