Ch. 2 Ancient Mesopotamia & Egypt

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ch. 2 Ancient Mesopotamia & Egypt Voc

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Mesopotamia Land " between the 2 rivers
Sumerians bbf66b26-5000-4c41-b4c4-2c27a890b623.jpg (image/jpg) The creators of the Mesopotamian civilization
Polytheistic Beliefs in many gods
Ziggurat 21a7572b-40f0-4d1c-9d74-7df8c68ec4ed.gif (image/gif) Temple was often built atop a massive stepped tower
Theocracy Government by divine authority
Cuneiform 5b957ab9-7fd0-416e-88c8-9a1c9550649e.jpg (image/jpg) System of writing
Hammurbi' s Law code His code, a collection of 282 laws and standards, stipulated rules for commercial interactions and set fines and punishments to meet the requirements of justice.
Patriarchal e7352551-946b-45d1-b460-f2a849f3d44b.jpg (image/jpg) Men dominated the society
Nile River Begin in the heart of Africa & courses northward for more than 4,000 miles. ( 6,436 Km )
Inundation 04f17ae7-18d1-4422-9d43-238d08ab9fd2.jpg (image/jpg) Annual Floding of the Nile River
Cataracts 6e2d3e07-6b2f-436c-aa58-12ed3875fc86.jpg (image/jpg) Waterfalls along the Nile River
King Menes e1721b68-e05c-4cb8-be26-158cb0f7274a.jpg (image/jpg) Untied Upper & Lower Egypt into single kingdom & created the first royal dynasty
Dynasty Family of rulers whose right to rule is passed on within the family
Vizier c2cd02ac-f522-4cbc-b772-e4cdec1329d1.gif (image/gif) The steward of the whole land
Pharaoh 48091615-b7d0-4a2e-8932-dd831145373b.jpg (image/jpg) Originally meaning " great house " or " palace " eventually became the most common
Silt Rich, black soil left behind by the yearly flood
Mummification 867d3299-1e43-4f39-a546-32ef48f69cc1.jpg (image/jpg) process of slowly drying a dead boby to prevent it form rotting
"Ba +"Ka" ancient Egyptians believed that a human soul was made up of five parts: the Ren, the Ba, the Ka, the Sheut, and the Ib. In addition to these components of the soul there was the human body
Canopic Jars 48cf6581-8485-4288-8195-1eacd346b90f.jpg (image/jpg) A jar in which the ancient Egyptians preserved the viscera of a deceased person usually for burial with the mummy.
Great Pyramind 9cf8a238-ae42-4078-ad20-a480ec711ef3.JPG (image/JPG) King Khufu construted at Giza around 2540 B.C covers 13 acres (5.3 ha ) , measures 756 feet ( 230 m) at each side of its base, & stands 481ft (147 m)
KIng Khufu 0898812c-6034-401b-be64-db584fa5ace6.jpg (image/jpg) early 26th century B.C., king of Egypt: builder of the great pyramid at Giza. Also called Khufu.
Sphinx An ancient Egyptian figure of an imaginary creature having the body of a lion and the head of a human or sometimes an animal. b. (usu. cap.) the colossal recumbent stone figure of this kind near the pyramids of Giza.
Old Kingdom 2f2a6bb8-03cf-44c3-95d8-89cb449f6d34.jpg (image/jpg) Old Kingdom (2686–2181 BC) the name given to the period in the 3rd millennium BC when Egypt attained its first continuous peak of civilization
Middle Kingdom cde65d55-8aec-48ec-9e93-7558b700dfbb.jpg (image/jpg) a period of stability lasted from about 2055 b.c. -1650 B.C., Egyptians later portrayed the Middle Kingdom as a golden age of stability
New Kingdom e2256af1-6c67-442c-9b48-d801ffcf41d0.jpg (image/jpg) Established & lasted approximately from 1550 B.C. to 1070 B.C.
Queen Hatshepsut c051f75f-2599-43fa-b6be-9135eaa43448.jpg (image/jpg) One of the first women to become pharaoh - built the great temple at Deir el-Balhri ,near Thebes da5b022c-d65b-4d4d-9b50-c82f330efa88.jpeg (image/jpeg)
Sarcophagus Among the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians, a limestone coffin or tomb, often inscribed and elaborately ornamented
King Khufu's Boat 485e28b0-f659-438a-8835-1cce2cfe17ca.jpg (image/jpg)
Hieroglyphics 72a5da7f-c648-4cf0-8571-2846bb4f1efe.jpg (image/jpg) Now mainly used to refer to the system of writing used by the ancient Egyptians.
Great Sphinx Of Egypt is a colossal statue, possibly the oldest in the world
Hyksos 7475e7f8-8dd6-4995-b4a1-d64a169c629a.jpg (image/jpg) Coined by Manetho to identify the Fifteenth Dynasty of Asiatic rulers of northern Egypt. In Egyptian Hyksos means "ruler(s) of foreign countries", however, Josephus mistranslated Hyksos as "Shepherd Kings".
Akhenaten(aka Amenhotep) d3095c17-9dc8-4823-9a79-3007013da3b5.JPG (image/JPG) rejected the traditional reiligion in favor of workshiping the Aten, or sun disc, after whom he renamed himsrelf. He closed all the temples of old gods andw obilterated their names from monuments
King Tut ( Tutankhamen) 44c5dad2-4dfe-4c91-b2a0-941e2af2b6fd.jpg (image/jpg) 17 year old boy whose tomb survived untouched ny grave robbes, more then 3,000 artifacts discovered in his tomb
Ramses II 00372e79-340a-4544-ab93-6ce842e5ae64.jpg (image/jpg) Ramses the Great reignted 67 years, fathered over 100 childern, defeated the Hittites, the other superpower of ancient times, he declared himself a living god
Fertile Cresecent 0710f1c9-4316-46dc-a38c-cb335165b6e8.png (image/png) is the region in the Middle East which curves, like a quarter-moon shape, from the Persian Gulf, through modern-day southern Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel and northern Egypt
The Great Pyramid largest of the 3 pyramid at Giza , built by king Khufu , only monumet of the 7 Wonders of Ancient World to survive
The Rosetta Stone Stone with writing on it in 2 languages ( Egyptain & Greek), using 3 scripts
Papyrus reed like plant that grows on the Nile River Ancient Egyptains used to write on
Cultural D Spreading of ideas from one culture to another
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