Ch.3 India, Hinduism, & Buddhism

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chapter 3 flashcards

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Question Answer
Himalaya Mtns. the highest mountains in the world.
Monsoon A seasonal wind pattern in southern Asia.
Harappa Two of the ruins about 400 miles apart, were sites of the cities.
Aryans A group known as the Aryans, who moved south across the Hindu Kush mountain range into the plains of northern India.
Sansprit An Indo-European language.
Varnas The Aryans believed that society was divided into four varnas, or social group that ranked people from high to low.
Caste System Over the centuries, a rigid social structure evolved that drew on Aryan ideas the caste system.
Hinduism had its origins in the religious beliefs of the Aryan peoples who settled in India.
yoga Hindus developed the practice of yoga, a method of training designed to lead such a union.
reincarnation had appeared in Hinduism.
Karma Important in the process is the idea of karma, the force generated by a person's actions that determines how the person will be reborn in the next life.
Dharma The concept of karma is ruled by the dharma, or the divine law.
Buddhism In the sixth century B.C., a new doctrine, called Buddhism, appeared in northern India and soon became a rival of Hinduism
Siddhartha Gautama The founder of Buddhism was Siddhartha Gautama, known as the Buddha, or "Enlighted One
Nirvana Achieving wisdom is a key step to achieving nirvana, or ultimate reality the end of the self and a reunion with the Great World Soul
Asoka The Mauryan Empire flourished during the reign the reign of Asoka, the grandson of Candragupta Maurya.
4 noble truths comprise the essence of Buddha's teachings, though they leave much left unexplained.
Eight fold path- is the principle of teachings.
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