seprate but equal vocab

Flashcards by jcburgess, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by jcburgess over 5 years ago



Resource summary

Question Answer
14th amendment one of the civil war amendments, defined US citizenship and guarantees "equal protection under law"
DE JURE segregation segregation established by law. EX. Jim Crow and the Supreme court decision in Plessy vs. Ferguson
de facto segregation Latin phrase that means "by fact". Segregation that occurred NOT by law but as a result of tradition. EX. in 1900' s blacks and whites attended separate churches
Jim crow laws segregation laws in the south
Original Jurisdiction authority of a court to hear a case for the FIRST time.
Appellate jurisdiction authority of a court to hear a case APPEALED from a lower court
Legal Brief written document explaining the postion of one side or the other in a case
Majority opinion statement that presents the views of the majority of the supreme court justices regarding a case.
Dissenting opinion statement written by a supreme court justice who disagrees with the majority opinion, presenting his or her own opinion.
"stare decisis" principle followed by judges and the supreme court a Latin term that means " Lets yesterday's decision stand"
Precedent ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a latter, similar case.
due process of laws fair and equal treatment in a court of law,5th and 14th amendment s mention due process of law.
Dred Scott V. Sanford case of a slave named Dred Scott. The supreme court ruled African americans were property, not citizens, and had no rights under the constitution
Plessy v. Ferguson case about homer plessy a black man, who purchased a ticket to ride a all white railroad car in louisiana. Case established "separate but equal"
Brown v. Board of education of Topeka, Kansas banned segregation in public schools
Briggs v. Elliot case that challenged segregated schools in Clarendon COunty, South Carolina
Korematsu v. United States during WW2 japanese americans citizens living on the west coast were moved to internment camps. Supreme court upheld the President's authority to do this.
University of California v. Blake supreme court case on affirmative action. It bars use of racial quota systems in college admissions but also affirmative actions programs are constitutional
Reverend J.A.Delane pastor and teacher at Liberty Hill Elementary School, In 1947 and a group of black parents sued Clarendon County School District #22 and asked for a bus for the black students.The case was overthrown
Harry Briggs Jr. a little black boy who had to walk 5 miles to school everyday
Thurgood Marshall Thurgood Marshall was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving from October 1967 until October 1991. Marshall was the Court's 96th justice and its first African-American justice. Sided with Harry Briggs Sr.
John W. Davis lawyer who represented South Carolina's side ; he was arguing FOR the segregation laws in South Carolina
Earl Warren Earl Warren was an American jurist and politician, who served as the 30th Governor of California and later the 14th Chief Justice of the United States.
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