Medical Ethics

11lambdenh
Flashcards by 11lambdenh, updated more than 1 year ago
11lambdenh
Created by 11lambdenh almost 5 years ago
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What is the difference between gestational and traditional surrogacy? Describe how these work. Gestational= the surrogate baby consists of both the intended mother's and father's genetic material. Traditional= The surrogate mother's egg is fertilised with the intended father's sperm.
What is the difference between AIH and AID? AIH (artificial insemination by husband) uses the male's sperm and is simply artificial insemination if, say, the ovaduct is blocked. AID (artificial insemination by donor) uses anonymously donated sperm.
Describe the process of IVF. IVF stands for In Vitro Fertilisation. The mother's egg is surgically removed and fertilised in a test tube in a laboratory. The embryo is then returned to the uterus once it matured, ready to be naturally born. This can be funded by the NHS.
Who is the case study used for a successful IVF case? Louise Brown, born 1978. She still retains a perfect quality of life, testament to this medical marvel.
State the difference between reproductive and therapeutic cloning. Reproductive cloning involves creating a whole and identical copy of a living organism whereas therapeutic cloning is simply copying individual pieces of biological material such as stem cells. Currently, only therapeutic cloning is legal.
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