Chapter 3 + 4

Flashcards by treystorms, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by treystorms over 5 years ago


Chapter 3+4 flashcards for 1st Period Civics

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Question Answer
Enumerated powers The enumerated powers are a list of items found in Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution that set forth the authority of Congress. In summary, Congress may exercise the powers that the Constitution grants it, subject to the individual rights listed in the Bill of Rights.
Implied Powers powers authorized by a document (from the Constitution) that, while not stated, seem to be implied by powers expressly stated.
Inherent powers Inherent powers are those powers that Congress and the president need in order to get the job done right.
Reserved powers a political power reserved by a constitution to the exclusive jurisdiction of a specified political authority.
Concurrent Powers powers in nations with a federal system of government that are shared by both the federal government and each constituent political unit
Commerce Clause refers to Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3 of the U.S. Constitution, which gives Congress the power “to regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes.”
Necessary and proper clause allows Congress "To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the [enumerated] Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof."
Full Faith + Credit Clause addresses the duties that states within the United States have to respect the "public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state."
Supremacy clause clause in United States Constitution's Article VI, stating that all laws made furthering the Constitution and all treaties made under the authority of the United States are the “supreme law of the land.”
Free Exercise Clause refers to the section of the First Amendment italicized here: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof...
Establishment Clause the clause in the First Amendment of the US Constitution that prohibits the establishment of religion by Congress.
Due Process Clause The Fourteenth Amendment, ratified in 1868, uses the same eleven words, called the Due Process Clause, to describe a legal obligation of all states.
Selective corporating Selective incorporation is a constitutional doctrine that ensures states cannot enact laws that take away the constitutional rights of American citizens that are enshrined in the Bill of Rights.
Equal protection The Equal Protection Clause is part of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The clause, which took effect in 1868, provides that no state shall deny to any person within its jurisdiction "the equal protection of the laws".
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