The Reign of Edward VI

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Flashcards by aq131790, updated more than 1 year ago
aq131790
Created by aq131790 almost 5 years ago
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Flashcards for information between 1547 and 1553. Focusing on Somerset, Northumberland, Religious Changes, The Rebellions of 1549 and The 'Devise' for the succession.

Resource summary

Question Answer
'Rough Wooing' of Scotland Somerset's attempt to reassert suzerainty over the Scottish Crown using violence and constructing forts on the border in order to beat Scotland into submission and force a marriage between Mary Stuart and Edward VI.
Somerset's Scottish Failure The forts set up on the border were too expensive to maintain. The English failed to capture a number of important castles. Somerset underestimated the power of the French alliance with Scotland.
The French Threat France supported Scotland leading to the threat of French invasion for England. Mary Queen of Scots ended up marrying a French Prince cementing Scotland and France's alliance.
Debasement of the Coinage Some coins had to be melted down and some of their precious metals were removed decreasing their value. This method allowed Somerset raised £537,000 but it also increased the pressure of inflation.
The Fall of Somerset There was a large amount of opposition to his autocratic rule. He failed to effectively deal with the 1549 rebellions initially. When he realised he was under threat he took the king and retreated to Windsor. Eventually he surrendered and was executed for plotting against Northumberland in 1552.
Northumberland's Council He gained the title of Duke of Northumberland in 1551 when he also became Lord Chamberlain. Soon after he came to power he removed the Catholics and conservatives from the council and replaced them with Protestants and reformists.
Northumberland's Finances He debased the coinage one final time before abandoning the practice. He ended the wars with France and Scotland saving the country a vast amount of money and leading to France paying £133,333 for the return of Boulogne..
The Fall of Northumberland His downfall was closely linked to the devise for the succession.
Religious changes in 1547 1. Royal visitations and the suspension of episcopal authority. 2. Book of Homilies (Cranmer's sermons.) and Paraphrases (Erasmus' summary of the New Testament.)3, Royal injunctions to all clergy to teach in English. 4. Chantries Act. 5. Act of Six Articles and Treason Act repealed.
Religious Changes in 1548 1. All images to be removed from Churches. 2. Proclamations to dampen Protestant unrest. 3. No preaching was allowed until new liturgy was introduced. 4. The first Book of Common Prayer was introduced but was not yet official liturgy.
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