Health and Safety

Lily Pritchard
Flashcards by , created over 3 years ago

GCSE RM (SECTION FIVE ) Flashcards on Health and Safety , created by Lily Pritchard on 05/01/2016.

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Lily Pritchard
Created by Lily Pritchard over 3 years ago
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Question Answer
what is a health and safety thing to do with clothing? you should always wear appropriate protective clothing (called Personal Protective Equipment-PPE) it's the responsibility of your employer (or school) to provide and maintain this equipment
what should you do if your working with hazardous materials? wear a face mask or goggles and strong protective gloves if there are fumes make sure there's enough ventilation (a spray booth can be used to help remove fumes when using spray glue or paint)
what should you do if your working with hot materials? need to wear protective gloves and an apron for some jobs (like welding metals) you should also wear a face shield
what should you wear when making a lot of dust? should wear goggles and a face mask and check ventilation
what should wear when making large metal castings? should wear a thick all-body suit, a face shield, gauntlets (thick gloves) and spats (to protect legs and feet)
what was passed in 1974 to do with health and safety, explain what wanted to do the health and safety at work act was passed to make sure employers provide a safe working environment and that they use safety signs to help reduce the risk of accidents
what do you have to do when working with tools and machinery? make sure sleeves rolled back ties tucked in or taken off apron strings tucked in long hair tied back make sure no tripping hazards in workshop clear up any spillages straight away
by law employers and workers must always...? [E.G.] use safe working practises for tools and machinery E.G. the pillar drill check safety guards are in place always secure work safely, like with a clamp remove chuck keys from chucks before switching on
what is a chuck key used for? used to tighten a drill bit holder (a chuck) you get chucks on various tools
what are 5 more health and safety procedure? 1.) never leave any machines unattended while switched on 2.) know how to switch off and isolate machines in an emergency 3.) ensure that any dust extraction equipment is working properly 4.) never adjust a machine until you've switched it off and isolated it from the mains first 5.) make sure nobody will distract you or knock you when you're working on the machine
what are health and safety precautions with materials? (6) 1.) chose your materials sensibly, only use hazardous materials where absolutely necessary 2.) make sure materials are safe to handle, for example debar metal (file down any rough edges) before you start work 3.) be careful when you move long lengths of metal and timber as it's a possible hazard to others 4.) beware of naked flames of red-hot heating elements, and keep them away from flammable liquids
what health and safety measure need to be taken when putting away or disposing materials? - make sure you dispose of waste properly so that it doesn't harm the environment - put materials away sadly so they can't fall or slide and injure anyone
what does COSHH stand for, why introduced (when)? Control of Substances Hazardous to Health the COSHH regulations were introduced in 1988 to protect people from the effects of hazardous substances, materials and processes
what is a risk assessment, which allows you to do what? when you identify any potential risks of using chemicals, machinery or equipment then you put precautions in place to minimise the risk e.g. placing warning signs on machines, or erecting barriers and guards
what do you need to think of when writing a risk assessment? (4) 1.] what could go wrong? 2.] what effect would this have? 3.] what can i do to prevent it happening 4.] what precautions could i take to make sure the risk is minimised