The Cosmological Argument

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Flashcards on The Cosmological Argument , created by sinead.english on 02/09/2014.

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Question Answer
What is the God of Classical Theism? Eternal and separate from the universe. God created outside space and time. Only one God with attributes such an immutable, omnipotent and omniscient.
What is an efficient cause? A cause that is capable of performing an action and bringing about the desired result.
Aristotle's dates? 384-322 BC
Facts about St. Thomas Aquinas? 1224-74 Wrote the Summa Theologica
What is Aquinas' first way about? It is based on motion and also the need for external influence (wood and fire)
What is the second way about? Cause and effect and the rejection of infinite regress.
What is the third way about? It is about contingency.
What does contingency mean? An even or condition that depends on something else, which many or may not happen. Things do not contain the reason for their own existence, but depend on external causes.
What does sufficient reason mean? An adequate reason that explains the cause of an event, in this case the origin of the universe.
What does the fallacy of composition mean? The error that concludes that since the parts have a certain property, the whole likewise has the property.
Who challenges the cosmological argument? 1. David Hume 2. Immanuel Kant 3. Bertrand Russell
What does Anthony Kenny undermine? He undermines Aquinas' first way related to motion and change.
Who spearheaded the steady-state theory? Herman Bondi, Tommy Gold and Fred Hoyle.
What does actual infinite mean? Sets or collections of things with an infinite number of members. It is not growing toward infinity, because it is infinite already. A part within an actually infinite set is equal to the whole set because it is infinite.
What is potential infinite? Exists if it is always possible to add one more to a series of things or events. It is possible to think of the future as a potential infinite, because more events are always being added to history.
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