Biology AQA 3.1.3 Absorption

evie.daines
Flashcards by evie.daines, updated more than 1 year ago
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As Biology, AQA specification 3.1.3 absorption

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Question Answer
Diffusion The passive net movement of molecules from a region of high concentration to low
Active transport The net movement of molecules with the use of ATP (energy) to move molecules from a region of low concentration to high
Carrier protein An intrinsic protein across a plasma membrane stimulated by ATP
Vili and microvilli are used in the absorption of carbohydrates in the small intestine They have: A large surface area good blood supply moist lining close diffusion pathway lots of capillaries
Diffusion in the Villi. 1. Starch is hydrolysed to make glucose so diffusion can occur 2. glucose is a monosaccharide so can be absorbed 3.in the blood there is a low concentration of glucose 4. diffusion occurs across the epithelial in the blood
glucose-transport01.jpg (image/jpg) 1. NA+ actively transports out of epithelial cell into the blood by na+K+ pump (carrier protein) 2. due to NA+ entering the blood there is now a higher concentration in the lumen compared to epithelial 3. Na+ diffuses into the epithelial down the concentration gradient through a protein carrier 4. Na+ has to couple up with glucose to diffuse in, so glucose also enters the cell 5. glucose goes in the blood by facilitated diffusion
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