A Level: English language and literature techniques = Structure

Jessica 'JessieB
Flashcards by , created over 5 years ago

This is the structure section of the FSL framework.

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Jessica 'JessieB
Created by Jessica 'JessieB over 5 years ago
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Question Answer
Structural use of time - Chronology > A record of events the order they occurred in.
Structural use of time - Foreshadowing > A warning/indication of a future event.
Structural use of time - Narrative > A description of events - the act, process or skill of telling a story.
Structural use of time - Dialogue > A conversation between two or more people.
Structural use of time - Juxtaposition > The use of putting characters, ideas, themes, phrases, words or settings side by side to either compare, contrast, use for suspense or as a rhetorical effect.
Structural features - Pathetic fallacy > Using human emotions for inanimate objects or weather.
Structural features - Retrospective narrative > The story being told is not happening at the same time the narrator is telling it.
Structural features - Symbolism > Something that is used to represent something else. > An object to represent a concept.
Structural features - Oxymoron > A combination of two or more words that are contradictory. E.g. the deafening silence.
Structural features - Parallelism > Words or phrases which express a similar idea or an equal importance.
Structural features - Hyperbole > Exaggerated statements. > A figure of speech not to be taken literally.
Structural features - Antithesis > A strong contrast between a character, idea, themes or purpose.
Structural features - Irony > The use of words, characters or plot developments to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its actual/literal meaning.
Structural features - Rhetorical features > Repeated syntax > Phonological patterning > Direct address > Repetition > Tripling > Antithesis > Semantic fields > Figurative language
Rhetorical features - Figurative language = Personification > Where animals or objects are given human characteristics.
Rhetorical features - Figurative language = Alliteration > Repeating the same first letter, sound or group of sounds in a sentence.
Rhetorical features - Figurative language = Metaphor > A figure of speech that says that one thing is another different thing.
Rhetorical features - Figurative language = Onomatopoeia > Describes/imitates a natural sound or the sound made by an object/action. E.g. snap, boom, smack.
Rhetorical features - Figurative language = Syntax > Word order.
Rhetorical features - Figurative language = Simile > The use of the words 'as' or 'like' to suggest two things are alike. E.g. busy as a bee.
Rhetorical features - Figurative language = Idioms > Expressions/phrases that have a figurative meaning which is understood differently between different societies. E.g. spill the beans.
Rhetorical features - Figurative language = Cliches > A commonly used expression that is widely known.
Sentence structures - Simple sentences > Has only one clause. E.g. The children were laughing.
Sentence structures - Compound sentences > Has two or more clauses. E.g. The children were laughing but they had to come inside and go to bed. > Clauses are joined by conjunctions - and, but, or, nor, so, then, yet.
Sentence structures - Complex sentences > Has a main clause and one or more adverbial clauses. > Adverbial clauses normally come after the main clause. E.g. The children were laughing but they had to come inside and go to bed as it was past their bedtime.
Sentence structures - Complex sentences = Contrast clauses Although; though; even though; while.
Sentence structures - Complex sentences = Reason clauses Because; since; as.
Sentence structures - Complex sentences = Place clauses Where; wherever; everywhere.
Sentence structures - Complex sentences = Purpose clauses So that; so; because + wanting something
Sentence structures - Complex sentences = Result clauses So that; such that.
Sentence structures - Complex sentences = Time clauses When; before; after; since; while as; as soon as; by the time; until.
Sentence structures - Complex sentences = Conditional clauses If; unless; provided that; as long as.
Sentence functions - Declarative > Makes a statement.
Sentence functions - Interrogative > Asks a question. > Usually yes/no questions or 'wh' questions - these start with a interrogative pronoun.
Sentence functions - Imperative > Gives a command. > The first word is always a verb (unless please)
Sentence functions - Exclamatory > Expresses strong emotion.
Tenses >Past/present/future >Active/passive tense