Conservatism key concepts

Yasmine King
Flashcards by Yasmine King, updated more than 1 year ago
Yasmine King
Created by Yasmine King about 3 years ago


Flashcards on Conservatism concepts

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Question Answer
Authoritarian A belief that strong central authority imposed from above, is either desirable or necessary, and therefore demands unquestioning obedience
New Right An ideological trend within conservatism that embraces a blend of market individualism and social authoritarianism
Tradition Values, practices or institutions that have endured through time and, in particular, been passed down from one generation to the next
Anomie A weakening of values and normative rules, associated with feelings of isolation, loneliness and meaninglessness
Organicism A belief that society operates like an organism or living entity, the whole being more than a collection of its individual parts
Functionalism The theory that social institutions and practices should be understood in terms of the functions they carry out in sustaining the larger social system
Hierarchy A graduation of social positions or status; hierarchy implies structural or fixed inequality in which positions is unconnected with individual ability
Natural Aristocracy The idea that talent and leadership are innate or inbred qualities that cannot be acquired through effort or self- advancement.
Authority The right to exert influence over others by virtue of an acknowledged obligation to obey
Property The ownership of physical goods or wealth, whether by private individuals, groups of people or the state
Privitization The transfer of state assets from the public to the private sector, reflecting a contraction of the state's responsibilities
Populism A belief that popular instincts and wishes are the principal legitimate guide to political action, often reflecting distrust pf or hostility towards political elites
Christian Democracy An ideological tradition within European conservatism that is characterised by a commitment to the social market and qualified economic intervention
Social Market An economy that is structured by market principles but which operates in the context of a society in which cohesion is maintained through a comprehensive welfare system and effective public services
Economic Liberalism A belief in the market as a self- regulating mechanism that tends naturally to deliver general prosperity and opportunities for all.
Neoliberalism An updated version of classical political economy that is dedicated to market individualism and minimal statism
Neoconservatism A modern version of social conservatism that emphasises the need to restore order, return to traditional or family values, or to revitalise nationalism
Permissiveness The willingness to allow people to make their moral choices; permissiveness suggests that there are no authoritative values.
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