The key features of Détente 1970-1975 Flashcards

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Created by jacksearle almost 7 years ago


A-Levels Cold War (Détente) Flashcards on The key features of Détente 1970-1975 Flashcards, created by jacksearle on 05/07/2014.

Resource summary

Question Answer
When was the Moscow summit and what two things did the USSR agree to sign? May 1972 - SALT I treaties and the Basic Principles Agreement
When did discussion over arms limitation begin and when was SALT I signed? discussions began in 1969 - SALT I treaties eventually signed May 1972
What 2 agreements made up SALT I? 1. The anti-ballistic Missile Treaty 2. The interim agreement on offensive missiles
What 3 restrictions were laid out in the anti-ballistic missile treaty? 1. Restricted USA and USSR to 2 anti-ballistic missiles shields each 2. each shield was only allowed to be made up of 100 missiles 3. Further development of ABM tech was restricted - An Oversight commission was set up to enforce this part
What restrictions were laid down in the interim agreement on offensive missiles? USSR allowed 1618 missile launchers, 740 submarine based launchers - US allowed 1054 missile launchers, 656 submarine based launchers
Why was it an interim agreement and not a full agreement? Was due to last 5 years in anticipation of a full agreement to be signed in 1977
What was the significance of SALT I? Significant because it changed the relationship - signalled they were willing to work together to limit the production and stockpiling of weapons rather than engage in an arms race
What was the Basic Principles Agreement? made up of 12 fundamental principles that formed the basis of US-USSR relations - included agreement to peacefully coexist - recognise eachother as equals - exercise restraint in crisis time - avoid confrontation
What was the significance of the Basic Principles Agreement? for the first time it introduced a series of rules governing aspects of the superpower relationship - in this sense it made relations more stable
What was European Ostpolitik? European countries on both sides of iron curtain were going through their own Détente - known as Ostpolitik
In practice what was European Ostpolitik? Involved European govts working together to address the problems created by a divided Europe
Give the key example of Ostpolitik in action W.Germany committed to Ostpolitik - negotiated with E.Germany and agreed the Berlin Agreement - which guaranteed W.Germany's borders
Why was the Berlin Agreement significant? Before this - Eastern Bloc had refused to officially recognise West Germany - ostpolitik was important for D - further stabilised superpower relations
When were the Helsinki Accords signed? 1975
What were the Helsinki Accords? A comprehensive framework governing relations between Eastern and Western Europe - tackled 3 aspects, known as baskets - significance because they established a framework for managing a divided Europe
What were the 3 baskets? Basket 1: Security measures Basket 2: Economic, cultural, scientific and environmental issues Basket 3: Human Rights and travel
What was agreed upon under Basket One: Security Measures? European states pledged to respect each other's sovereignty - in practice meant they wouldn't interfere in each other's affairs - Promised to respect borders and to accept possibility that borders may change through peaceful negotiation
What was agreed upon under Basket 2: Cultural, economic, scientific and environmental issues? European states pledged to cooperate on matters of mutual interest and to foster good trading relations across Europe - to this end - they agreed to share Western technology with the East
What was agreed upon under Basket 3: Human Rights and Travel? European states pledged to respect the human rights of their citizens and to relax travel restrictions across Europe
What unforeseen problems did Basket 2 lead to? Economic cooperation highlighted the inferiority of comm economies - Goods produced in West much higher quality - led citizens in Eastern Bloc to question the efficiency of the communist economy - undermining the legitimacy of comm rule
What unforeseen problems did Basket 3 lead to? Travel relaxed - Led to trade links across Iron Curtain - through these contacts, Eastern Bloc citizens heard about Western way of life - freedom of press, speech, religion and democracy - Eastern Europeans discovered a more attractive way of life again undermining comm rule
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