Carmichael et al (1932) - Edexcel GCSE Psychology

Jasmine Allen
Flashcards by Jasmine Allen , updated more than 1 year ago
Jasmine Allen
Created by Jasmine Allen over 5 years ago
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Flash cards to revise Carmichael et al case study

Resource summary

Question Answer
Aim Whether words shown with pictures affect the way the pictures were remembered
Procedure * laboratory experiment * 95 participants *three groups - list one, list two, control *12 pictures *shown picture, word, then asked to draw
Findings Drawings produced were very different from List one to List two, the drawings looked like the words the participants heard
Results Were over 3000 reproductions, 905 of those reproductions were put in the category 'almost completely changed' *List one - 73% drawings resembled words given *List two - 74% drawings resembled words given *Control group(no words given) - 45% drawings resembled either word
Conclusion Memory for pictures is reconstructed - verbal context affects recall
Strengths *used a control group - weren't distorted in the same way *two different lists - shows clear differences *having 12 pictures - gave lots of evidence
Weaknesses *real life isn't as ambiguous as the given stimuli *Prentice (1954) - tested the effects of verbal labels on recognition rather than recall - no effect
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