Functionalism

ellenthatsme123
Mind Map by ellenthatsme123, updated more than 1 year ago
ellenthatsme123
Created by ellenthatsme123 almost 6 years ago
35
1

Description

Mind Map on Functionalism, created by ellenthatsme123 on 06/15/2014.
Tags

Resource summary

Functionalism
1 Durkheim - crime is inevitable and necessary to society. Too much crime threatens the bonds of society, too little means society becomes too rigid and controlling. Positive functions of crime: Boundary maintenance - society bands together in condemnation of the wrongdoer = strengthens collective conscience. Adaptation and change - All change starts with an act of deviance, i.e. the civil rights movement was originally seen as deviant but has driven positive change
2 Merton - strain theory - his theory of crime combines structural factors and cultural factors. The American Dream culture values money and material wealth and tells Americans there are opportunities of all. Reality is that disadvantaged groups are denied the opportunities and results in frustration and a pressure to resort to illegitimate means. Merton calls this the pressure to deviate the strain to anomie. Different approaches to the strain - Conformity, Innovation, Ritualism, Retreatism, Rebellion.
2.1 Subcultural strain theories - Cohen:status frustration - focuses on deviance among working class boys who suffer from cultural deprivation and the skills to achieve. They suffer from status frustration. They resolve this by rejecting and inverting middle class values forming a delinquent subculture with other boys in the same situation. i.e. vandalising property to gain status. The subculture offers boys an alternative status hierachy in which they can achieve.
2.1.1 Cloward and Ohlin - They identify 3 different subcultures that result: Criminal subcultures: - Provide youths with an apprenticeship for a career in utilitarian crime - These arise in neighbourhoods with a longstanding criminal culture of professional adult criminals, Conflict subcultures: - Loosely organised violent gangs - Arise in areas of high population turnover – prevents stable criminal network developing - Violence provides a release for frustration as well as an alternative source of status that they can earn by winning territory from rival gangs Retreatist subcultures: § Those who double fail, fail in legitimate and illegitimate opportunity structures § Form subcultures based on illegal drug use
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Functionalist Theory of Crime
A M
Sociology: Crime and Deviance Flash cards
Beth Morley
Sociology - Crime and Deviance - Feminists
josaul1996
The Functionalist perspective on education
Phoebe Fletcher
Realist Theories
A M
Sociology for the MCAT
Sarah Egan
KEY CONCEPTS & CHOICE OF METHOD SCLY2
ashiana121
Research Methods
cheyenne warwick
Ethnicity, Crime & Justice
A M
Sociology Key Words
kazoakley
Theories of Family
Summer Pearce