Anthropology

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What is Anthropology
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Anthropology
1 What is Anthropology?the science devoted to the study of the (ancient and modern) human beings and their lifestyles
2 Main areas
2.1 Physical anthropology It studies the physical characteristics of humans through the fossils found and the distinctive features of contemporary groups. Here, you can recognize primatology, human paleontology, forensic anthropology, and population genetics.
2.2 Archaeology It is devoted to the study of material remains of past cultures. By reconstructing extinct forms of life, it seeks to know the ecological environment and the causes that led to its demise. Among the most widespread branches have historical and industrial archeology.
2.3 Anthropological linguistics It studies the diversity of languages ​​spoken by the existing human groups, attempts to reconstruct the history of their origin, as well as the role of the relationship between language and the development of the groups that speak it. The branches in which this aspect is divided include historical linguistics, descriptive linguistics and sociolinguistics.
2.4 Cultural anthropology Also known as social anthropology. It refers to the analysis and description of cultures, both from the past and from human groups of today. This includes applied, medical, urban, development, and religion anthropologies, as well as politics anthropology and indigenism, among other themes.
3 Anthropological Theories
3.1 Evolutionist school
3.2 Historical particularism
3.3 Diffusionism
3.4 Functionalism
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