Unit 3 Psychology: The Conscious Self

Matthew Li
Mind Map by Matthew Li, updated more than 1 year ago
Matthew Li
Created by Matthew Li over 5 years ago
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Mind Map on Unit 3 Psychology: The Conscious Self, created by Matthew Li on 09/12/2014.

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Unit 3 Psychology: The Conscious Self
1 Mind, Brain and Body
1.1 Consciousness
1.1.1 Levels of Awareness
1.1.1.1 Content Limitations
1.1.1.1.1 Selective Attention
1.1.1.1.2 Divided Attention
1.1.1.2 Controlled v.s Autonomic Processes
1.1.1.3 Perceptual And Cognitive Distortions
1.1.1.4 Emotional Awareness
1.1.1.5 Self Control
1.1.1.6 Time Orientation
1.1.2 Altered State Of Consciousness
1.1.2.1 Daydreaming
1.1.2.2 Drug/Alcohol Induced
1.1.2.3 Meditative State
1.1.3 Normal Waking Consciousness
1.2 Sleep
1.2.1 Non-Rapid Eye Movement (NREM)
1.2.1.1 Stage 1
1.2.1.1.1 Hypnic Jerk
1.2.1.2 Stage 2
1.2.1.2.1 K-Complexes
1.2.1.2.2 Sleep Spindles
1.2.1.3 Stage 3 (Moderate Deep Sleep)
1.2.1.4 Stage 4 (Very Deep Sleep)
1.2.2 Rapid Eye Movement (REM)
1.2.3 Sleep Deprivation
1.2.3.1 Microsleep
1.2.3.2 Total Sleep Deprivation
1.2.3.3 Partial Sleep Deprivation
1.2.4 Purpose Of Sleep
1.2.4.1 Survival/Adaptive
1.2.4.2 Restorative
1.2.5 Sleep-Wake Cycle
1.2.5.1 Adolescence
1.2.6 Use Of Sleep Laboratories
1.2.6.1 Self Report
1.2.6.2 Subjective Data
1.2.6.3 Objective Data
1.2.6.4 Video Monitoring
1.3 Polysomnograph
1.3.1 Electroencephalograph
1.3.2 Electro-oculograph (EOG)
1.3.3 Electromyograph (EMG)
1.3.4 Heart Rate
1.3.5 Galvanic Skin Response
1.3.6 Body Temperature
1.4 Nervous System
1.4.1 Central Nervous System
1.4.1.1 Brain
1.4.1.1.1 Temporal Lobe
1.4.1.1.1.1 Wernicke's Area
1.4.1.1.1.1.1 Wernicke's Aphasia
1.4.1.1.2 Occipital Lobe
1.4.1.1.2.1 Primary Visual Cortex
1.4.1.1.3 Parietal Lobe
1.4.1.1.3.1 Primary Somatosensory Cortex
1.4.1.1.3.2 Spatial Neglect (Right Lobe Only)
1.4.1.1.4 Frontal Lobe
1.4.1.1.4.1 Broca's Area
1.4.1.1.4.1.1 Broca's Aphasia
1.4.1.1.4.2 Primary Motor Cortex
1.4.1.1.5 Corpus Callosum
1.4.1.1.6 Hemispheric Specialisation
1.4.1.1.6.1 Right Hemisphere
1.4.1.1.6.2 Left Hemisphere
1.4.1.1.6.3 Split Brain - Sperry and Gazzaniga
1.4.1.2 Spinal Cord
1.4.2 Neuron
1.4.2.1 Sensory/Afferent
1.4.2.2 Interneuron
1.4.2.3 Motor/Efferent
1.4.3 Peripheral Nervous System
1.4.3.1 Somatic Nervous System
1.4.3.2 Autonomic Nervous System
1.4.3.2.1 Sympathetic Nervous System
1.4.3.2.2 Parasympathetic Nervous System
2 Memory
2.1 Models For Explaining Human Memory
2.1.1 Atkinson-Shiffrin's Multi-Store Model Of Memory
2.1.1.1 Sensory Memory
2.1.1.1.1 Iconic Memory (Sperling)
2.1.1.1.2 Echoic Memory
2.1.1.2 STM (Working Memory)
2.1.1.2.1 Forgetting
2.1.1.2.1.1 Decay
2.1.1.2.1.2 Displacement
2.1.1.2.2 Increase Duration
2.1.1.2.2.1 Maintenance Rehearsal
2.1.1.2.2.2 Elaborative Rehearsal
2.1.1.2.3 Chunking
2.1.1.2.4 Serial Position Effect
2.1.1.2.4.1 Primacy Effect
2.1.1.2.4.2 Recency Effect
2.1.1.3 Control Processes
2.1.1.3.1 Attention
2.1.1.3.2 Rehearsal
2.1.1.3.3 Retrieval
2.1.2 Craik And Lockharts Levels of Processing Framework
2.1.2.1 Deep Processing
2.1.2.2 Shallow Processing
2.1.3 Baddeley and Hitch's Model of Working Memory
2.1.3.1 The Episodic Buffer
2.1.3.2 The Visuo-Spatial Sketchpad
2.1.3.3 The Phonological Loop
2.1.3.4 Central Executive
2.1.4 Encoding-Storage-Retrieval
2.1.5 Long Term Memory
2.1.5.1 Semantic Network Theory
2.1.5.1.1 Spreading Activation
2.1.5.2 Procedural Memory (Implicit Memory)
2.1.5.3 Declarative Memory (Explicit Memory)
2.1.5.3.1 Episodic Memory (Events)
2.1.5.3.2 Semantic Memory (Facts)
2.2 Mechanisms For Memory Formation
2.2.1 Brain Structures In Memory
2.2.1.1 Temporal Lobe
2.2.1.1.1 Amygdala
2.2.1.1.2 Hippocampus
2.2.2 Consolidation Theory
2.2.2.1 Reconsolidation
2.2.3 Neurotransmitters
2.2.3.1 Glutamate
2.2.3.2 Norepinephrine (NE)
2.2.3.3 Acetylcholine (ACh)
2.2.3.4 Dopamine (DA)
2.2.4 Neurons
2.2.4.1 Dendrites
2.2.4.2 Synaptic Gap
2.2.4.2.1 Receptor Sites
2.2.4.2.2 Presynaptic Neuron
2.2.4.2.3 Post-Synaptic Neuron
2.2.4.2.4 Synapse
2.2.4.3 Soma/Cell body
2.2.4.4 Nucleus
2.2.4.5 Myelin Sheath
2.2.4.6 Terminal Buttons
2.2.4.7 Axon Buttons
2.2.5 Amnesia Resulting From Brain Trauma And Neurodegenerative Diseases
2.2.5.1 Dementia
2.2.5.2 Alzheimer's Disease
2.2.5.3 Amnesia
2.2.5.3.1 Anterograde Amnesia
2.2.5.3.2 Retrograde Amnesia
2.2.6 Memory Decline Over Lifespan
2.2.6.1 Effect On LTM
2.2.6.2 Effect on STM
2.2.7 Changes In Structure and Function Of Neurons
2.2.7.1 Long Term Potentiation (LTP)
2.2.7.1.1 Synaptic Growth
2.2.7.1.2 More Dendrite Spines
2.2.7.1.3 More Responsive
2.2.7.2 Neurotransmitter
2.2.7.2.1 Greater Effect Of NT at Receptor Sites
2.2.7.3 Increase # of NT Produced and Released
2.3 Theories Of Forgetting
2.3.1 Forgetting
2.3.1.1 Accessibility
2.3.1.2 Availability
2.3.2 Forgetting Curve
2.3.2.1 Hermann Ebbinghaus
2.3.3 Motivated Forgetting
2.3.3.1 Repression
2.3.3.2 Suppression
2.3.4 Interference Theory
2.3.4.1 Proactive Interference
2.3.4.2 Retroactive Interference
2.3.5 Retrieval Failure Theory
2.3.5.1 Tip-Of-The-Tongue Phenomenon
2.3.5.2 Retrieval Cues
2.3.6 Decay Theory
2.4 Manipulation and Improvement Of Memory
2.4.1 Mnemonic Devices
2.4.1.1 Acronyms
2.4.1.2 Acrostics
2.4.1.3 Narrative Chaining
2.4.2 Retrieval Cues
2.4.2.1 Context Dependent
2.4.2.2 State Dependent Cues
2.4.3 Measures Of Retention
2.4.3.1 Recall
2.4.3.1.1 Free Recall
2.4.3.1.2 Cued Recall
2.4.3.2 Relearning
2.4.3.3 Recognition
2.4.4 Elizabeth Loftus
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