Please wait - loading…

'Golden Age' What was England like in 1065?

Description

GCSE Norman Conquest Mind Map on 'Golden Age' What was England like in 1065?, created by Tom Lea on 04/17/2018.
Tom Lea
Mind Map by Tom Lea, updated more than 1 year ago
Tom Lea
Created by Tom Lea about 4 years ago
204
2

Resource summary

'Golden Age' What was England like in 1065?
  1. People
    1. King
      1. Owns most land
        1. raises taxes
          1. repairs roads, defends country, build burhs etc
          2. Law & order
            1. church
            2. Earls
              1. King's advisors
                1. Formed Witan
                  1. no private armies
                    1. but led 'fyrd'
                    2. held courts
                      1. Harold Godwinson = most powerful
                        1. 6 Earls in 1065
                        2. Thegns
                          1. land owners
                            1. 250 hectares+
                            2. ran courts
                              1. collect taxes
                                1. some had burh-geats
                                2. Ceorls
                                  1. Majority of population
                                    1. mostly farmers
                                      1. rent land from thegns
                                        1. Richer ceorls owned land and house
                                        2. Serve in fyrd (army)
                                          1. took part in trials
                                            1. Early democracy? - had some say in local decisions and helped in trials
                                              1. Much less power by 1065
                                            2. Thralls
                                              1. slaves
                                                1. 10% of pop
                                                  1. branded/ castrated
                                                    1. Made slaves by: capture in war, criminals, parents sell children
                                                    2. Women
                                                      1. legal right to own property
                                                        1. 'double monasteries' - women in charge
                                                          1. laws against sexual harrasment
                                                            1. Owned 5% of land
                                                              1. female slaves bought, raped & sold
                                                                1. low class women - work in fields
                                                              2. Religion
                                                                1. Churches and worship
                                                                  1. independent from European church
                                                                    1. parts of bible in English
                                                                      1. made own saints
                                                                        1. Christianity mixed with pagan practices
                                                                        2. often worship outside
                                                                          1. church teachings ignored
                                                                            1. binge eating, drinking & sex
                                                                              1. Belief in witchcraft & spells
                                                                            2. 1. St Dunstan
                                                                              1. Archbishop of Canterbury
                                                                                1. Good man - devout christian
                                                                                2. tries to improve church
                                                                                  1. End corruption
                                                                                    1. improve education
                                                                                      1. rebuild churches, monasteries etc
                                                                                        1. Made a saint after death BUT: Viking raids disrupted church - never as strong again
                                                                                          1. reforms not continued
                                                                                      2. 2. King Edward
                                                                                        1. Brought Norman priests to England
                                                                                          1. Made Robert of Jumieges Archbishop of Canturbury
                                                                                            1. English Earls protest - Godwin forces Edward to make Stigand Archbish of Cant.
                                                                                            2. 3. Stigand
                                                                                              1. Bad man!
                                                                                                1. Interested in money not religion
                                                                                                  1. No attempt to improve church
                                                                                                  2. Corruption
                                                                                                    1. Simony - selling church jobs
                                                                                                      1. Pluralism - has more than one church job - also Bish of Winchester
                                                                                                        1. Pope tried to force him to give this up - Stigand ignored.
                                                                                                  3. Culture
                                                                                                    1. Buildings
                                                                                                      1. most = clay, wood, straw
                                                                                                        1. few = stone, fine buildings
                                                                                                          1. Wilton nunnery
                                                                                                            1. Ed' the Confessor's palace at Westminster
                                                                                                              1. needed Robert of Jumieges' (a Norman) advice
                                                                                                            2. Defensive
                                                                                                              1. Only 3 motte and bailey castles
                                                                                                                1. All built by Ed's Norman friends
                                                                                                                2. burhs
                                                                                                                  1. Fortified (defended) villages
                                                                                                                  2. burh-geats
                                                                                                                    1. little burghs
                                                                                                                3. Art
                                                                                                                  1. Famous for jewellery /metal work
                                                                                                                    1. Alfred Jewel
                                                                                                                      1. Fuller Booch
                                                                                                                        1. Expensive & rare
                                                                                                                        2. Stolen by Viking raiders
                                                                                                                          1. Skilled embroiderers/ weavers.
                                                                                                                            1. e.g. Bayeux Tapestry
                                                                                                                          2. Literature
                                                                                                                            1. Science
                                                                                                                              1. maps
                                                                                                                                1. calendars
                                                                                                                                2. Poetry
                                                                                                                                  1. Beowulf
                                                                                                                                    1. spoken not read
                                                                                                                                    2. History
                                                                                                                                      1. Anglo Saxon Chronicles
                                                                                                                                        1. One sided
                                                                                                                                          1. gaps
                                                                                                                                        2. Rude riddles!
                                                                                                                                          1. The Exeter Book
                                                                                                                                      Show full summary Hide full summary

                                                                                                                                      Similar

                                                                                                                                      Tower of London - Key Features
                                                                                                                                      Tom Lea
                                                                                                                                      The Tower of London (a) - (e)
                                                                                                                                      Tom Lea
                                                                                                                                      Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, Cominform and Comecon
                                                                                                                                      Alina A
                                                                                                                                      Britain and World War 2
                                                                                                                                      Sarah Egan
                                                                                                                                      History - Medicine through Time
                                                                                                                                      Alice Love
                                                                                                                                      History- Medicine through time key figures
                                                                                                                                      gemma.bell
                                                                                                                                      History- Religion and medicine
                                                                                                                                      gemma.bell
                                                                                                                                      USA and Vietnam (1964-1975) - Part 1
                                                                                                                                      Lewis Appleton-Jones
                                                                                                                                      History GCSE AQA B: Modern World History - International Relations: Conflict and Peace in the 20th Century - Topic 2: Peacemaking 1918-19 and the League of Nations
                                                                                                                                      mariannakeating
                                                                                                                                      USA and Vietnam (1964 - 1975) Part 2
                                                                                                                                      Lewis Appleton-Jones
                                                                                                                                      Civil Rights in America
                                                                                                                                      crazytomguy