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Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Psychoology Mind Map on Yay Buzz Words!, created by GeorgiaLauren on 06/16/2013.

Created by GeorgiaLauren over 6 years ago
History - Medicine through Time
Alice Love
GCSE Chemistry C2 topic notes
OCR AS Biology
Cloud Data Integration Specialist Certification
James McLean
Personality Theorists and such
Biological Contemporary Approaches
Personality Testing
Types and Trait Theories
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1 Neo Psychoanalytical
1.1 Karen Horney
1.1.1 Feminist approach to Freud
1.1.2 Female penis envy: Product of social/cultural influences
1.1.3 Neuroticism Unhappy people trying to form relationships They tend to emit their insecurities onto other people - not attractive They deal with this by: Moving Toward, Away From or Against people Away: Asocial, socially indifferent Toward: Clingy, seeking acceptance Against: Forceful, bossy
1.1.4 Strengths Considers social
1.1.5 Limitations Untested Limited in content: Basically just Neurotic
2 Psychoanalytical
2.1 Freud
2.1.1 Strengths Strongly influenced psychology Therapy can treat people
2.1.2 Limitations Based off clinical case studies Abnormality Doesnt apply to most Cant be tested
2.2 Personality is the result of:
2.2.1 Defense mechanisms Repression Projection Rationalisation
2.2.2 Psychosexual stages of development Oral, Anal, Phallic etc.
2.2.3 Internal/Subconscious conflict with the ID, EGO, SUPEREGO
3 Humanistic
3.1 Maslow
3.1.1 heirachy
3.1.2 Strengths Focus human achievement rather than disorder Widely accepted Structured Heirachy
3.1.3 Limitations Disregards culture Unscientific
3.2 Rogers
3.2.1 Self Congruence Consistency in IDEA of self and REALITY Anxiety comes from distorting experiences that threaten sonsistency Psychotherapy: Client centred Supportive not reconstructive
3.2.2 Strengths Consideres human potential not disorder
3.2.3 Limitations
3.3 Focused on personal differences
3.4 Thinking rationally
4 Behaviourist
5 Types & Traits
5.1 Allport
5.1.1 Dictionaries
5.1.2 4000 ways to describe perosnality
5.1.3 Refined to 171
5.1.4 3 categories Cardinal: Deep, influences behaviour, thoughts, feelings Central: Not so deep Secondary: Superficial (STATE)
5.1.5 Strengths Descriptive Clear Structured Heirachy
5.1.6 Limitations Some traits arent solely indipendant Some traits are very similar Descriptive not explantory Cultural consideration Didnt use factor analysis
5.2 Cattell
5.2.1 Refined 171 to 16
5.2.2 16 traits were the source of all human personality
5.2.3 16 factor personality test
5.2.4 Adventurous - Shy Outgoing - Reserved
5.2.5 Strengths Used factor analysis Test used for job interviews etc.
5.2.6 Limitations Some traits are similar/ not independent of each other
5.3 McCrae & Costa
5.3.1 Refined 16 to 5
5.3.2 5: The roots of all human personality
5.3.3 Big Five Personality test
5.3.4 Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Nearoticism Took me 5 minutes to spell Conscientiousness -.-
5.3.5 Strengths Common test Functional: Predicts behaviour
5.3.6 Limitations Over simplified Neuroticism isn't a common trait Descriptive not explanitory Factors influence each other
6 Psychosocial
6.1 Albert Bandura
6.1.1 Triadic Reciprocal Model Interaction between... Enviro Behaviour Psychological processes Defines personality
6.1.2 Strengths Positive Self empowering Curing personality disroders
6.1.3 Limitations Therapy can cause people to become overconfident in themselves Very ambiguous results
7 Biological
7.1 Contemporary
7.1.1 genes
7.1.2 Nervous system makeup
7.1.3 Neurotransmitters
7.1.4 Hormones Testosterone Sex drive Estrogen Emotional stability
7.1.5 Strengths Can be scientifically proven
7.1.6 Limitations Doesnt account for social/cultural environmental influences Nature not nurture
7.2 Historical
7.2.1 Phrenology (shape of head)
7.2.2 Body Types Endomurph
7.2.3 Physionomy (shape of face)
7.2.4 Bodily fluids
7.2.5 Took physical traits and associated them with personality traits
7.2.6 Strengths Was the first consideration of personality traits
7.2.7 Limitations Has been proven wrong Made loose connections to suit hypotheses
8.2 Unique, relatively consistent PATTERN of BEHAVIOUR, THOUGHTS & FEELINGS
8.2.1 How you handle situations
8.2.2 Sense of humour
8.2.3 Expectations of others

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