ENGLISH GRAMMAR

Angee Salcedo
Mind Map by Angee Salcedo, updated more than 1 year ago
Angee Salcedo
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Mind Map on ENGLISH GRAMMAR, created by Angee Salcedo on 09/24/2014.
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ENGLISH GRAMMAR

Annotations:

  • A. Nouns form the plural by adding the edding "s" Example: Cat /Cats                    Head / Heads
  • B. When the noun has one of the following edings form the plural by adding "es" -S (Focus/ Focuses)-SS (Miss/ Misess)-SH (Fish/ Fishes)-CH (Stich/ Stitches)-X ( Fox / Foxes)
  • C. If the noun ends in  "y" After consonant occurs in plural termination "ies" Example: Battery / Batteries After vowel form the plural by adding "s" Example: Bay / Bays
  • D. If the noun ends in a vowel "o" form the plural by adding "es" Example: Tomato / Tomatoes
  • 2. ADJECTIVES: Are  words that are attached directly to a noun specying or explaining something to him
  • A. Subjective Adjetives: Express a personal opinio. Example: Beautiful, ugly, nice, lovely, friendly, elegant, useful.
  • B. Objectives Adjectives:  Defined objective properties of the noun. These  in turn folllow thw following order, although it is some flexibility :
  • -SIZE: Big, small, huge,great, medium.
  • -GENERAL ASPECTS: Sporty, dirty,quiet,expensive, healthy, strong.
  • -AGE: Old, adult, young, new.
  • -FORM: Square, hexagonal, round, wide , narrow
  • -PERSONALITY: Shy, ambitious, humble, arrogant.
  • -COLOR: Blue, yellow, red.
  • -MATERIAL: Plastic, wooden, metallic, woolen.
  • -ORIGIN: Russian, Spanish, European.
  • 3. ADVERBS: An adverd is a word that accompanies the verb to modify its meaning. And adverb can also modify adjectives, names or  others adverbs.
  • A. The general rule Tto form adverbs is to add the ending "ly" to an adjective, equal to completion in Castilian for "mente" Example: Easy - Easily                    Cheerful- Cheerfully
  • B. Adjectives ending in "ic" termination "ic" with "ically" Is changed. Examples: Automatic- Automatically                     Tragic- Tragically
  • C. Adjectives ending in "le" termination "le" with "ly" Is changed. Examples: Terrible- Terribly                      True- Truly
  • D.Some adverbs do not end in "ly" Example: Hard                   Fast
  • E. As we have seen, adjectives tell us something  about a noun ( a person, a thing, a place). Adverbs on the other hand, tells us  something about how to do an action. They can modify verbs, adjectives  or the adverbs.
  • Examples: -VERB: Miguel runs fast                             You speak loudly
  • -ADVERBS: Hell runs really fast.                       You speak very loudly
  • -ADJECTIVES: I am very happy                             She is really nice
  • 4. PREPOSITIONS The preposition is a class of word what: syntactically liking words or phrases within a sentence is morphologically invariable ( has not gender or number or endings). Semantically  indicating origin, source, destination, location, address.
  • Example: Among,between, to, in, on, at, under, behind, after, before, over, with, without, towards, against, again, of, from, until, for, by, in front of, next to, near of, far from, inside, outside.
  • 5. VERBS:The verb is a word, bimembre structure, indicating action.   Example: Run, jump, think, draw, cut.
  • A. REGULAR VERBS: termination in ed, d, ied in past. Example: Added, admired, danced
  • B. IRREGULAR VERBS: Different forms in three times. Example:  -PRESENT: Sing -PAST: Sang -PARTICIPLE: Sung
  • 6. CONJUCTIONS: Is the class of word or set of propositions linking them phrases of words.
  • Example: -TIME: She trembled as he spoke- MODE: Leave the room as you find it- COMPARATIVE EQUALITY: He is not so tall as you are-CONTRAST: Rich as he is, he is not happy-CAUSE: As you were not there I left a message
  • 7. QUESTIONS WH: They range short and simple to long and grammaticaly complex.In all cases, questions that begin with wh-words without the complex what been.
  • Example:  -Where is Mexico? -When is the party? - Who is the president of the united States? - What do you want to eat? -Why are you leaving?
1 NOUNS
2 A. Nouns form the plural by adding the edding "s"
3 EXAMPLES: cat/ cats
4 B. When the noun has one of the following edings form the plural by adding "es"
4.1 -S (Focus/ Focusses)
4.1.1 -SS (Miss/ Misses)
4.1.1.1 -SH (Fish/ Fishes)
4.1.1.1.1 -CH (Stich/ Stitches)
4.1.1.1.1.1 -X (Fox/ Foxes)
4.1.1.1.1.1.1 C. If the noun ends in "y" after consonant occurs in plural termination "ies"
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 EXAMPLE: Battery/ Batteries
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 After vowel form the plural by adding "s"
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 EXAMPLE: Bay/Bays
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 ADJECTIVES: Are words that are attached directly to a noun specying or explaining something to him
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 A. SUBJECTIVE ADJECTIVES: Express a personal opinion
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 EXAMPLE: Beautiful, ugly,nice
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 B. OBJECTIVES ADJECTIVES: Defined objective properties of the noun. These in turn follow the following order, althougth it is some flexibility
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 SIZE: Big, small
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 GENERAL ASPECTS: Strong
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 AGE: Young
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 FORM : Square
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 COLOR: BLUE
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 ORIGIN: European
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 ADVERBS
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 An adverb is a word that accompanies the verb to modify its meaning
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 A.The general ruler to from adverbs is add the edding "ly" to an adjective equal to completion in Castilian for "Mente"
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 EXAMPLE: Easy-- Easily
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 B. Some adverbs do not in "ly"
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 EXAMPLE: Hard, fast
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 PREPOSITIONS
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Is a class of word what syntactically liking words or phrases within a sentences is morphologically invariable.( has not gender o number o endings)
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 EXAMPLES: Among, between, to , in
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 VERBS

Attachments:

4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Is a word bimembre structure, indicating action
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 EXAMPLE: Run , jump, think
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 A. REGULAR VERBS
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Termination in ed, d,, ied, in past
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 EXAMPLE: Added, admired, danced
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 B. IRREGULAR VERBS
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Different form in three times
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 EXAMPLE: PRESENT: Sing; PAST: Sang; PARTICIPLE: Sung
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 CONJUCTIONS
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Is the class of word or set of prepositions linking them phrases of words
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 EXAM`PLE: TIME: She trembled as he spoke
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 MODE: Leave the room as you find it
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 COMPARATIVE EQUALITY: He is not so tall as you are
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 WH QUESTIONS
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 They range short and simple to long and grammaticaly complex. In all cases, questions that begin with wh- words with out the complex what been
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 EXAMPLES: WHERE is Mexico?
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 WHEN is the party?
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 WHO is the president of the United States?
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 WHAT do you want to eat?
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 WHY are you leaning?
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