SENTENCE ELEMENTS

Michael Calles
Mind Map by Michael Calles, updated more than 1 year ago
Michael Calles
Created by Michael Calles about 3 years ago
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Characters, symbols, and themes about grammar.

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SENTENCE ELEMENTS
  1. SUBJECT: The subject of a sentence is the person or thing doing the action or being described.
    1. SIMPLE SUBJECT: When the subject is more than one word, the main word is called the simple (bare) subject.
      1. COMPLETE SUBJECT: The subject and all of the words attached to it are called the complete subject.
        1. COMPOUND SUBJECT: It consists of two or more simple subjects that share a verb or verb phrase.
        2. PREDICATE: The predicate is what that person or thing is doing, or what new information we learn about that person or thing.
          1. COMPLETE PREDICATE: The CP is all the words since the main verb up to the end of the sentence, the complete predicate is everything that is not the subject.
            1. SIMPLE PREDICATE: Consists of only a verb, verb string, or compound verb.
              1. COMPOUND PREDICATE: It is two or more verb phrases that share the same subject and are joined by a conjunction.
              2. COMPLEMENTS: They are any word or phrase that completes the sense of a subject, an object, or a verb,
                1. SUBJECT COMPLEMENT: It follows a linking verb, copular, or copulative verb;it is normally an adjectuive or a noun that renames or defines in some way the subject.
                  1. PREDICATE NOMINATIVE: It is a word or word group in the predicate that identifies the subject.
                    1. PREDICATE ADJECTIVE: It is an adjective that is in the predicate and that describes the subject.
                  2. OBJECTS: Traditional grammar defines the object in a sentence as the entity that is acted upon by the subject. There is thus a primary distinction between subjects and objects that are understood in terms of the action expressed by the verb.
                    1. DIRECT OBJECT: It is the receiver of action within a sentence, it can be a noun, pronoun, or word group that tells who or what receives the action of the verb.
                      1. INDIRECT OBJECT: It identifies to or for whom or what the action of the verb is performed.
                        1. OBJECT COMPLEMENT: It follows and modifies or refers to a direct object. It can be a noun or adjective or any word acting as a noun or adjective.
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