SUBJECT: The subject of a sentence is
the person or thing doing the action
or being described.
SIMPLE SUBJECT: When the subject is
more than one word, the main word
is called the simple (bare) subject.
COMPLETE SUBJECT: The
subject and all of the words
attached to it are called the
COMPOUND SUBJECT: It consists of two
or more simple subjects that share a
verb or verb phrase.
PREDICATE: The predicate is what
that person or thing is doing, or
what new information we learn
about that person or thing.
COMPLETE PREDICATE: The CP is all the words
since the main verb up to the end of the
sentence, the complete predicate is
everything that is not the subject.
Consists of only a
verb, verb string, or
COMPOUND PREDICATE: It is two or more
verb phrases that share the same subject
and are joined by a conjunction.
COMPLEMENTS: They are any word or
phrase that completes the sense of a
subject, an object, or a verb,
SUBJECT COMPLEMENT: It follows a linking
verb, copular, or copulative verb;it is normally
an adjectuive or a noun that renames or
defines in some way the subject.
It is a word or word
group in the predicate
that identifies the
It is an adjective that
is in the predicate and
that describes the
OBJECTS: Traditional grammar defines
the object in a sentence as the entity
that is acted upon by the subject. There
is thus a primary distinction between
subjects and objects that are
understood in terms of the action
expressed by the verb.
DIRECT OBJECT: It is the receiver of action
within a sentence, it can be a noun, pronoun,
or word group that tells who or what receives
the action of the verb.
INDIRECT OBJECT: It identifies
to or for whom or what the
action of the verb is
OBJECT COMPLEMENT: It follows and modifies or
refers to a direct object. It can be a noun or
adjective or any word acting as a noun or adjective.