Geography - paper 1 (urban environment)

10trougdan
Mind Map by , created about 5 years ago

GCSE Geography Mind Map on Geography - paper 1 (urban environment), created by 10trougdan on 10/08/2014.

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10trougdan
Created by 10trougdan about 5 years ago
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Geography
1 Paper 1 - urban enviroment
1.1 Pressure on urban enviroment
1.1.1 energy
1.1.1.1 always needing more
1.1.1.1.1 renewable
1.1.1.1.2 nonrenewable
1.1.1.1.3 - power cuts
1.1.1.1.4 - available land for farming/building being used up
1.1.1.1.5 - water pollution
1.1.2 general waste
1.1.2.1 Land fill sites
1.1.2.1.1 berried/burned
1.1.2.1.2 Takes up space
1.1.2.1.3 produces air/visual/sound pollution
1.1.2.2 Biogenerators
1.1.2.2.1 produces energy
1.1.2.2.2 Takes up space
1.1.2.2.3 produce air/visual/sound pollution
1.1.3 sky scrapers
1.1.3.1 holds lots of people/buisness
1.1.3.1.1 conserves space
1.1.3.1.1.1 for buildings and energy creation
1.1.3.1.2 visual pollution
1.1.4 Transport
1.1.4.1 traffic jams
1.1.4.1.1 visual/air/noise pollution
1.1.4.2 over crowded
1.1.4.2.1 not enough space for all the vehicals
1.1.4.3 buses/trains
1.2 Push/Pull factors
1.2.1 Push (away from rural area)
1.2.1.1 low wages
1.2.1.2 less work
1.2.1.3 unpredictable environment conditions
1.2.1.4 poor transport
1.2.1.5 poor quality of life
1.2.1.6 little specialist services
1.2.1.7 poor education
1.2.1.8 low access to safe water
1.2.2 pull (towards urban area)
1.2.2.1 high standard of living
1.2.2.2 specialist services
1.2.2.3 better quality of life
1.2.2.4 better transport
1.2.2.5 better education
1.2.2.6 more work
1.2.2.7 better wages
1.2.2.8 high access to safe water
1.3 good quality of life
1.3.1 health care (NHS)
1.3.1.1 all will be healthy
1.3.1.2 medication
1.3.1.3 nurses
1.3.1.4 doctors
1.3.1.5 free
1.3.2 fresh safe water
1.3.2.1 don't get serious illness
1.3.2.2 we can drink water without thinking about the health issues
1.3.3 education
1.3.3.1 free
1.3.3.2 all have good access
1.3.3.3 can all get good jobs
1.3.4 emergancy services
1.3.4.1 coast gaurd
1.3.4.2 ambulance
1.3.4.3 fire
1.3.4.4 police
1.3.4.5 all be safe if something does happen
1.3.5 heating
1.3.5.1 provides warmth
1.3.5.2 cheapish
1.3.5.3 don't 'freeze' during winter
1.3.6 house's
1.3.6.1 everyone can have one
1.3.6.2 made from strong materials
1.3.6.3 safe at home from the outside
1.3.7 government
1.3.7.1 not corrupt
1.3.7.2 make key decisions
1.3.7.3 keep us safe
1.3.8 other services
1.3.8.1 pubs
1.3.8.2 bars
1.3.8.3 restrants
1.3.8.4 shops
1.3.8.5 luxary
1.3.9 benefits
1.3.9.1 all have decent amount of money to live on
1.3.9.2 everyone can have food every day
1.4 Traffic congestion
1.4.1 causes
1.4.1.1 people living further away from work, more people have to drive in using roads
1.4.1.2 high population, more cars on road meaning more chance of crashes
1.4.1.3 high population, more pedestrians, more traffic lights
1.4.1.4 Bad roads
1.4.2 effects
1.4.2.1 crashes, blocks up lanes on motorway/road
1.4.2.2 delayed time to get to work
1.5 Mumbai slums
1.5.1 poor
1.5.2 crowded
1.5.3 like a rubbish site
1.5.4 dangerous for children
1.5.5 human wate thrown around
1.5.6 no lighting
1.5.7 no running water
1.5.8 unhygenic
1.5.9 open sewers
1.5.10 African slums population is 61% of its urban population. where as Europe's slum population is only 6% of its urban population. Asia and south america's slum population is 42% and 32% respectively of its urban population
1.5.11 lac of facilities and sanitation which is of poor quality means that if you get an illness then you are most likely to die. Another factor is no emergency service or health care.
1.5.12 basic building materials
1.5.13 unsustainable
1.5.14 no planning
1.5.15 scarce and expensive housing
1.5.16 easily flooded
1.5.17 crime
1.6 improving slum living conditions
1.6.1 more developed housing
1.6.1.1 more secrure house
1.6.2 better transport
1.6.2.1 access to jobs are better
1.6.3 less cramped places
1.6.3.1 more spacious
1.6.4 no open sewers
1.6.4.1 reduce amount of disease + increase hygene
1.6.5 education
1.6.5.1 get somewhere in life
1.6.6 benefit system
1.6.6.1 help people who need it
1.6.7 emergency service
1.6.7.1 stop crime
1.6.8 bins
1.6.8.1 clear up rubbish on the streets
1.6.9 access to hospitals
1.6.9.1 decrease death
1.7 BEDZED
1.7.1 carbon emissions down 56%
1.7.2 natural day lighting
1.7.3 bike storage
1.7.4 1 city car and 5 private cars to take on the road
1.7.5 close to transport links
1.7.6 look at lifestyle as well
1.7.7 recycling there own water
1.7.8 wind powered ventealation system
1.7.9 recycling textiles as well as the normal stuff we recycle
1.7.10 Beddiington Zero Energy Dervelopment

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