Indian Music and 'Rag Desh'

Mind Map by Wimbledon35, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by Wimbledon35 over 5 years ago


Mind Map on Indian Music and 'Rag Desh', created by Wimbledon35 on 10/27/2014.

Resource summary

Indian Music and 'Rag Desh'
1 Rag Desh
1.1 Indian classical music
1.1.1 North India
1.2 Improvised
1.3 Key Features
1.3.1 Three Layers 1. Melodic line played on the solo instrument 2. Rhythmic pattern played on the drums 3. Drone played on the stringed instrument
1.3.2 Melody Based on a rag Pattern of notes (like a scale) made up of pitches Different on the way down Assosiated with the late evening and the monsoon season
1.3.3 Rhythm Played by drums Based on a tal Tal - cycle of beats that are repeated and improvised First beat is called a sam stressed by the musicians
1.3.4 Structure Three parts Progressing from a slow to fast tempo 1. Alap slow introductory section Notes are introduced against a drone No regular pulse and no percussion 2. Gat Fixed composition Percussion enters Clear pulse 3. Jhalla Fast final section Virtuosic Decorative
2 'Rag Desh' performed by Anoushka Shankar
2.1 Instumentation
2.1.1 1. Sitar Plucked string instrument seven main strings Plays melody 12 sympathetic strings aren't plucked, but resonate - creates shimmering sound
2.1.2 2. Tabla Pair of drums Right:Dayan smaller (higher pitched) made of wood Left: Bayan larger (lower pitched) made of metal Played with fingers
2.2 Rhythm
2.2.1 Two tals 1. Jhaptal - 10 beat cycle 2. Tintal - 16 beat cycle
2.3 Structure
2.3.1 1. Alap Sitar only Slow no regular pulse The sitar introduces notes and mood of the rag Melodic line is decorated with slides and pitch bends (meends) 2. Gat Tabla enters sitar plays fixed composition Moderato tempo Towards the end the tempo increases 3. Jhalla Fast Sitar Strummed Creates rhythmic exitment Sitar and Tabla imrovise Sitar based on the gat Tabla based on the tal Ends with a tihai - short melody played three times ends with a sam
2.4 Anoushka Shankar - plays the sitar
2.4.1 Daughter of famous indian musician Ravi Shankar
2.4.2 Recorded live in 2001 in New York
3 'Mhara janam' maran performed by Chiranji Lal Tanwar
3.1 Instrumentation
3.1.1 Sarod - plucked string instrument
3.1.2 Sarangi - bowed string instrument
3.1.3 Pakhawaj - long drum
3.1.4 Tabla
3.1.5 A pair of Symbols
3.2 Rhythm
3.2.1 Uses 8 - beat cycle called keherwa tal
3.3 Structure
3.3.1 1. Alap The sarangi and the voice introduce the notes of the rag tempo is slow no regular pulse
3.3.2 2. Bhajan tabla joins in playing in keherwa tap Tanwar decorates important words with melismas and ornaments sung verse hort solos for sarangi and sarod
3.4 Is in bhajan - Hindu dvotional song
3.4.1 Performed by indian singer Chiranji Lal Tanwar
3.4.2 Released 2004
4 'Rag Desh performed by Steve Gorn and Benjy Wetheimer
4.1 Instrumentation
4.1.1 Bansuri - Bamboo flute
4.1.2 Esraj - bowed string instrument
4.1.3 Shruti box - electronic instrument
4.1.4 swarmandel - plucked string instrument
4.1.5 Tabla
4.2 Rhythm
4.2.1 Uses two Tals 1. Repak tal - 7 beat cycle Ektal - 12 beat cycle
4.3 Structure
4.3.1 1. Alap starts with drone on D + A Bansuri introduces notes and mood Esraj takes over from Basuri Instruments alternate improvise phrases Tempo is slow No regular pulse
4.3.2 2. Gat 1 1 slow gat in rupak tal 2 Bansuri solo 3 tabla enters after 30 sec 4 bansuri plays composed gat 5 bansuri and tabla improvise
4.3.3 3. Gat 2 fast gat in ektal tabla solo improvisation is elaborate bansuri plays tans (fast scales) Piece ends with three tihais
4.4 American musicians
4.4.1 released: 2004

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