Indian Music and 'Rag Desh'

Wimbledon35
Mind Map by Wimbledon35, updated more than 1 year ago
Wimbledon35
Created by Wimbledon35 over 5 years ago
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Mind Map on Indian Music and 'Rag Desh', created by Wimbledon35 on 10/27/2014.

Resource summary

Indian Music and 'Rag Desh'
1 Rag Desh
1.1 Indian classical music
1.1.1 North India
1.2 Improvised
1.3 Key Features
1.3.1 Three Layers
1.3.1.1 1. Melodic line played on the solo instrument
1.3.1.1.1 2. Rhythmic pattern played on the drums
1.3.1.1.1.1 3. Drone played on the stringed instrument
1.3.2 Melody
1.3.2.1 Based on a rag
1.3.2.1.1 Pattern of notes (like a scale)
1.3.2.2 made up of pitches
1.3.2.2.1 Different on the way down
1.3.2.2.1.1 Assosiated with the late evening and the monsoon season
1.3.3 Rhythm
1.3.3.1 Played by drums
1.3.3.2 Based on a tal
1.3.3.2.1 Tal - cycle of beats that are repeated and improvised
1.3.3.2.2 First beat is called a sam
1.3.3.2.2.1 stressed by the musicians
1.3.4 Structure
1.3.4.1 Three parts
1.3.4.1.1 Progressing from a slow to fast tempo
1.3.4.1.2 1. Alap
1.3.4.1.2.1 slow introductory section
1.3.4.1.2.1.1 Notes are introduced against a drone
1.3.4.1.2.1.2 No regular pulse and no percussion
1.3.4.1.2.2 2. Gat
1.3.4.1.2.2.1 Fixed composition
1.3.4.1.2.2.1.1 Percussion enters
1.3.4.1.2.2.1.2 Clear pulse
1.3.4.1.2.2.2 3. Jhalla
1.3.4.1.2.2.2.1 Fast final section
1.3.4.1.2.2.2.1.1 Virtuosic
1.3.4.1.2.2.2.1.2 Decorative
2 'Rag Desh' performed by Anoushka Shankar
2.1 Instumentation
2.1.1 1. Sitar
2.1.1.1 Plucked string instrument
2.1.1.2 seven main strings
2.1.1.2.1 Plays melody
2.1.1.3 12 sympathetic strings
2.1.1.3.1 aren't plucked, but resonate - creates shimmering sound
2.1.2 2. Tabla
2.1.2.1 Pair of drums
2.1.2.1.1 Right:Dayan
2.1.2.1.1.1 smaller (higher pitched)
2.1.2.1.1.1.1 made of wood
2.1.2.1.2 Left: Bayan
2.1.2.1.2.1 larger (lower pitched)
2.1.2.1.2.1.1 made of metal
2.1.2.2 Played with fingers
2.2 Rhythm
2.2.1 Two tals
2.2.1.1 1. Jhaptal - 10 beat cycle
2.2.1.1.1 2. Tintal - 16 beat cycle
2.3 Structure
2.3.1 1. Alap
2.3.1.1 Sitar only
2.3.1.1.1 Slow no regular pulse
2.3.1.1.2 The sitar introduces notes and mood of the rag
2.3.1.1.3 Melodic line is decorated with slides and pitch bends (meends)
2.3.1.2 2. Gat
2.3.1.2.1 Tabla enters
2.3.1.2.1.1 sitar plays fixed composition
2.3.1.2.1.1.1 Moderato tempo
2.3.1.2.1.2 Towards the end the tempo increases
2.3.1.2.2 3. Jhalla
2.3.1.2.2.1 Fast
2.3.1.2.2.2 Sitar Strummed
2.3.1.2.2.2.1 Creates rhythmic exitment
2.3.1.2.3 Sitar and Tabla imrovise
2.3.1.2.3.1 Sitar based on the gat
2.3.1.2.3.2 Tabla based on the tal
2.3.1.2.3.3 Ends with a tihai - short melody played three times ends with a sam
2.4 Anoushka Shankar - plays the sitar
2.4.1 Daughter of famous indian musician Ravi Shankar
2.4.2 Recorded live in 2001 in New York
3 'Mhara janam' maran performed by Chiranji Lal Tanwar
3.1 Instrumentation
3.1.1 Sarod - plucked string instrument
3.1.2 Sarangi - bowed string instrument
3.1.3 Pakhawaj - long drum
3.1.4 Tabla
3.1.5 A pair of Symbols
3.2 Rhythm
3.2.1 Uses 8 - beat cycle called keherwa tal
3.3 Structure
3.3.1 1. Alap
3.3.1.1 The sarangi and the voice introduce the notes of the rag
3.3.1.2 tempo is slow
3.3.1.3 no regular pulse
3.3.2 2. Bhajan
3.3.2.1 tabla joins in playing in keherwa tap
3.3.2.2 Tanwar decorates important words with melismas and ornaments
3.3.2.3 sung verse
3.3.2.3.1 hort solos for sarangi and sarod
3.4 Is in bhajan - Hindu dvotional song
3.4.1 Performed by indian singer Chiranji Lal Tanwar
3.4.2 Released 2004
4 'Rag Desh performed by Steve Gorn and Benjy Wetheimer
4.1 Instrumentation
4.1.1 Bansuri - Bamboo flute
4.1.2 Esraj - bowed string instrument
4.1.3 Shruti box - electronic instrument
4.1.4 swarmandel - plucked string instrument
4.1.5 Tabla
4.2 Rhythm
4.2.1 Uses two Tals
4.2.1.1 1. Repak tal - 7 beat cycle
4.2.1.2 Ektal - 12 beat cycle
4.3 Structure
4.3.1 1. Alap
4.3.1.1 starts with drone on D + A
4.3.1.2 Bansuri introduces notes and mood
4.3.1.3 Esraj takes over from Basuri
4.3.1.4 Instruments alternate improvise phrases
4.3.1.5 Tempo is slow
4.3.1.6 No regular pulse
4.3.2 2. Gat 1
4.3.2.1 1 slow gat in rupak tal
4.3.2.2 2 Bansuri solo
4.3.2.3 3 tabla enters after 30 sec
4.3.2.4 4 bansuri plays composed gat
4.3.2.5 5 bansuri and tabla improvise
4.3.3 3. Gat 2
4.3.3.1 fast gat in ektal
4.3.3.1.1 tabla solo
4.3.3.1.1.1 improvisation is elaborate
4.3.3.1.1.1.1 bansuri plays tans (fast scales)
4.3.3.1.1.1.1.1 Piece ends with three tihais
4.4 American musicians
4.4.1 released: 2004

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