nicotine regulation therapy

christina.m
Mind Map by christina.m, updated more than 1 year ago
christina.m
Created by christina.m over 5 years ago
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this is part of the exam board specification for AQA and it hasn't come up yet .

Resource summary

nicotine regulation therapy
1 AO1
1.1 abstaining from previously addictive behaviour = almost inevitable.Individual may face withdrawal symptoms = increase the chance of relapse.
1.1.1 NRT helps manage these symptoms. Nicotine medications mimic or replace the effects of nicotine produced from tobacco.

Annotations:

  • e.g nicotine: patches gums and nasal sprays
1.1.1.1 NRT doesn't stop addiction but the advantages are: it's a healthier alternative as harmful by products are not ingested

Annotations:

  • e/g by products like carbon monoxide, tar and acetone and other harmful substances
1.1.1.1.1 the NRT works by administrating nicotine to the brain receptors in the pleasure centre and therefore this helps release dopamine, relieveing withdrawal symptoms
1.1.1.1.1.1 if an individual relapses and smokes a cigarette while on nicotine medication , the treatment desensitise's the receptors making cigarettes disatisfying. NRT doubles in success rate.
2 AO2/A03
2.1 LONG TERM EFFECTIVENESS IS LIMITED; as NRT on deals with immediately the physical dependancy and withdrawal symptoms.
2.1.1 however the UNDERLYING reasons for the addiction = ignored. therefore in the LT the NRT is ineffective, individual may re-engage in addictive behaviour
2.1.1.1 therefore the ecletic therapy is more effective as a combination of counselling and drug intenventions would be more useful in tacking addiction
2.2 The succes of an ecletic therapy was supported by beckham et al
2.2.1 he did a study on 24 US military veterans, using a quit-line service and the NRT. he found 11 (46%) of them quit by the 'quit-by date', after 2 months 9 had continued abstaining from their smoking addictions.
2.2.1.1 using nicotine patch was less successful ,therefore this research is evident of how successful an ecletic therapy is when commbining psychological and biological interventions.
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