The Variety of Living Organisms

Daniel Brener
Mind Map by Daniel Brener, updated more than 1 year ago
Daniel Brener
Created by Daniel Brener over 5 years ago


The Variety of Living Organisms

Resource summary

The Variety of Living Organisms
1 Plants
1.1 Examples
1.1.1 flowering plants maize
1.1.2 herbaceous legume beans & peas
1.2 multicellular
1.3 cells contain...
1.3.1 chloroplasts photosynthesis
1.3.2 cellulose cell walls
1.4 store carbohydrates as starch & sucrose
2 Viruses
2.1 small particles, smaller than bacteria
2.2 parasitic & can only reproduce inside living cells
2.3 they infect every type of living organism
2.4 no cellular structure
2.5 protected by a protein coat
2.6 only either DNA or RNA
2.7 Examples
2.7.1 tobacco mosaic virus
2.7.2 influenza virus
2.7.3 HIV virus
3 Bacteria
3.1 Examples
3.1.1 lactobacillus bulgaricus a rod shaped bacterium used in the production of yoghurt from milk
3.1.2 Pneumococcus a spherical bacterium that acts as the pathogen causing pneumonia
3.2 microscopic
3.3 single-celled
3.4 they contain...
3.4.1 cell wall
3.4.2 cell membrane
3.4.3 cytoplasm
3.4.4 plasmids
3.5 no nucleus (Prokaryote)
3.5.1 BUT contain a circular chromosome of DNA
3.6 some can photosynthesise
3.6.1 most live off other living or dead organisms
4 Animals
4.1 Examples
4.1.1 mammals humans
4.1.2 insects housefly mosquito
4.2 multicellular
4.3 they DO NOT contain...
4.3.1 chloroplasts they can't photosynthesise
4.3.2 cell walls
4.4 they store carbohydrates as glycogen
5 Fungi
5.1 no chloroplast
5.1.1 they cannot photosynthesise
5.2 Examples
5.2.1 mucor typical hyphal structure
5.2.2 yeast single celled
5.3 some are single-celled
5.4 cell walls are made from chitin
5.5 body is usually organised...
5.5.1 into a mycelium made from thread-like structures called hyphae contain many nuclei
5.6 feed by extracellular secretion of digestive enzymes
5.6.1 onto food material
5.6.2 aka 'Saprotrophic Nutrition
5.7 store carbohydrates as glycogen
6 Protoctists
6.1 microscopic
6.2 single-celled
6.3 Examples
6.3.1 Ameoba features like an animal cell
6.3.2 Chlorella has chloroplasts & is like a plant cell
6.3.3 Plasmodium pathogenic - causes malaria
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