The Variety of Living Organisms

Daniel Brener
Mind Map by Daniel Brener, updated more than 1 year ago
Daniel Brener
Created by Daniel Brener over 5 years ago
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The Variety of Living Organisms

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The Variety of Living Organisms
1 Plants
1.1 Examples
1.1.1 flowering plants
1.1.1.1 maize
1.1.2 herbaceous legume
1.1.2.1 beans & peas
1.2 multicellular
1.3 cells contain...
1.3.1 chloroplasts
1.3.1.1 photosynthesis
1.3.2 cellulose cell walls
1.4 store carbohydrates as starch & sucrose
2 Viruses
2.1 small particles, smaller than bacteria
2.2 parasitic & can only reproduce inside living cells
2.3 they infect every type of living organism
2.4 no cellular structure
2.5 protected by a protein coat
2.6 only either DNA or RNA
2.7 Examples
2.7.1 tobacco mosaic virus
2.7.2 influenza virus
2.7.3 HIV virus
3 Bacteria
3.1 Examples
3.1.1 lactobacillus bulgaricus
3.1.1.1 a rod shaped bacterium used in the production of yoghurt from milk
3.1.2 Pneumococcus
3.1.2.1 a spherical bacterium that acts as the pathogen causing pneumonia
3.2 microscopic
3.3 single-celled
3.4 they contain...
3.4.1 cell wall
3.4.2 cell membrane
3.4.3 cytoplasm
3.4.4 plasmids
3.5 no nucleus (Prokaryote)
3.5.1 BUT contain a circular chromosome of DNA
3.6 some can photosynthesise
3.6.1 most live off other living or dead organisms
4 Animals
4.1 Examples
4.1.1 mammals
4.1.1.1 humans
4.1.2 insects
4.1.2.1 housefly
4.1.2.2 mosquito
4.2 multicellular
4.3 they DO NOT contain...
4.3.1 chloroplasts
4.3.1.1 they can't photosynthesise
4.3.2 cell walls
4.4 they store carbohydrates as glycogen
5 Fungi
5.1 no chloroplast
5.1.1 they cannot photosynthesise
5.2 Examples
5.2.1 mucor
5.2.1.1 typical hyphal structure
5.2.2 yeast
5.2.2.1 single celled
5.3 some are single-celled
5.4 cell walls are made from chitin
5.5 body is usually organised...
5.5.1 into a mycelium
5.5.1.1 made from thread-like structures called hyphae
5.5.1.1.1 contain many nuclei
5.6 feed by extracellular secretion of digestive enzymes
5.6.1 onto food material
5.6.2 aka 'Saprotrophic Nutrition
5.7 store carbohydrates as glycogen
6 Protoctists
6.1 microscopic
6.2 single-celled
6.3 Examples
6.3.1 Ameoba
6.3.1.1 features like an animal cell
6.3.2 Chlorella
6.3.2.1 has chloroplasts & is like a plant cell
6.3.3 Plasmodium
6.3.3.1 pathogenic - causes malaria
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