1 The Celts came from Southern Germany, Austria & Switzerland &
conquered the Bronze Age people
1.1 There is no evidence to suggest that there was ever an invasion.
2 Tribes from Europe: Keltoi by the Greeks
2.1 Tribes from Rome: Gauls
3 Neither Greeks nor Romans
could see a difference between
the tribes in Northern Europe
so they called the tribes in the
north Keltoi or Gauls
4 The artwork of the Celts
from La Tène in Switzerland
is the same as the typical
Irish Celtic designs
5 The Celts arrived
500 BC & became
6 The main
7 The main reason they used iron
instead of bronze is because it
was much easier to find. Tin was
quite rare and had to be brought
in from England
8 Because iron was much more widespread
throughout Europe, the period between 500 BC
and AD 400 is called the Iron Age.
9 How do we know about the Celts?
9.1 Celtic myths & legends were
recorded in much later writings
after AD 400 by Christian monks.
9.2 Descriptions of Celtic
tribes & warriors by
Roman writers such as
Julius Caesar & Greek
writers such as
Diodorus, Herodotus &
9.3 Celtic remains
10 The Celts were generally tall & fair.
Both men & women let their hair
grow long & the men grew
beards/moustaches. The men wore
trousers called bracae & all their
clothes were died using berries &
plants. Their clothes were made
from wool & their shoes were
made from leather. During the
winter months Celtic men &
woman wore great woollen cloaks
around them which could double
as blankets at night. The Celts liked
to wear jewellery. Golden torcs,
necklaces & brooches for fastening
their clothes have been found by
archaeologists. When going into
battle men liked to paint their
bodies with a dye calledwoad & the
brushed lime into their hair to
make it hard & spiky.
11 The Celts were farmers
11.1 Cattle was their most important livestock.
11.2 The more cattle you
had, the wealthier you
were said to be.
12 The Celts were famous for having huge feasts.
12.1 They would of drank beer & mead which
was a drink made. from honey
12.2 The greatest warrior at the feast got the best part of the
meal. This was called the hero's portion. There was often
conflict deciding who was the greatest warrior.
13 Tuatha: Kingdoms
13.1 Ri: King
13.1.1 Derbfine: Royal Family
220.127.116.11 Aos Dána: Nobles
18.104.22.168.1 Brehons: Judges
22.214.171.124.1.1 Druids: Priests
13.2 Fili: Bards
13.2.1 Tánaiste: Successor
to the king
14 The Celltic society were far more
developed. Ireland was divided
into 150 tuatha & each one was
ruled by a ri who was head of the
derbfine. When the king died he
was replaced by a Tánaiste who
was elected by either agreement
or by defeating all other
opponents. The next most
important people were the Aos
Dána. They were made up of
landowners, warriors & educated
& skilled people.
14.1 Warriors were highly respected
14.2 Brehons insured the Brehon Laws. They were also responsible
for settling any disputes in the tuath.
14.3 The Druids were responsible for performing any religious ceremony &
for crowning the king. They were also responsible for making potions
to heal the sick