1.1 Order of Murders:
1st Duncan, 2nd
1.1.1 The murders become progressively more brutal:
Duncan is stabbed > Banquo is assasinated by 2
thugs > Macduff's family and household are
126.96.36.199 Increase in brutality implies macbeth's increase in villainy
1.1.2 Macbeth becomes less and less
associated with the murders: Duncan he
kills personally > Banquo's murder was
committed by thugs > Macduff & co. are
slaughtered by Macbeth's men
188.8.131.52 This could show increasing villainy as
Macbeth cannot be bothered to
commit them himself and therefore
the victims are indifferent to him.
1.2 Lady Macbeth persuades Macbeth to
kill Duncan, she could be seen as more
villainous than Macbeth
1.3 The presentation of the murders.
1.3.1 Duncan's is off stage - this
shows respect for the king and
his dignity stays intact
184.108.40.206 He was murdered in his sleep - couldn't
defend himslef, showing that he wasn't
weak as he wasn't beaten in a fight
1.3.2 Banquo was murdered brutally on stage - this is for
1.3.3 Macduff's household
and family are
brutally murdered on
220.127.116.11 This shows Macbeth's power and villainy - he
kills them to threaten Macduff, it is done
maliciously and without cause - they are
unnecessary murders - children and women are
2.1.1 They are a
2.1.2 The villainy is built on their
18.104.22.168 Macbeth commits the
murders because of the
2.1.3 The witches
already seem to
showing that he
might already be
them, making him
2.2 The dagger and
Ghost of Banquo
2.2.1 These may not be seen as
supernatural as they are visions
that Macbeth experiences possibly
due to his guilty conscience
2.2.2 Banquo's ghost haunts
Macbeth, making him
have a guilty
2.2.3 The dagger which is imagined
refers to the quote: 'foul is fair
and fair is foul'. This means
that what seems right isn't
right and what seems wrong
isn't really wrong
22.214.171.124 The vision of the dagger
could also symbolize death
hanging in the air
2.3.1 Descriptions of characters from mythology
126.96.36.199 "With Tarquin's ravishing strides, towards his design"
2.3.2 "Moves like a ghost"
2.3.3 "Witchcraft celebrates"
3.1.1 1st: "He's here in double trust...."
188.8.131.52 This is Macbeth's response to the witches
184.108.40.206.1 Scared and overwhelmed: "This
supernatural soliciting//Cannot be
ill, cannot be good","Whose horrid
image doth unfix my hair...".
Ambition and excitement: "Why
hath it given me earnest of
success?". Disbelief: "...stand not
within the prospect of belief".
Intrigued: "...tell me more" - his
curiosity suggest villainy.
220.127.116.11 Villainy is presented through the soliloquy as it gives an insight to his thoughts.
However Macbeth doesn't seem very villainous yet but the idea of regicide is born
3.1.2 2nd: "Is this a dagger which I see before me..."
18.104.22.168 Before he kills the King (like a pep talk)
22.214.171.124 It is a pivotal moment at which Macbeth clearly turns
126.96.36.199 Fearing discovery: "Thou sure and firm-set earth//hear not my
steps..., for fear//Thy very stones prate of my whereabout".
Wants to be disassociated with the deed: "wither'd
murder...moves like a ghost". Guilty (conscience driving him
crazy: "...a dagger of the mind, a false creation,//proceeding
from the heat-oppressed brain?". Ambition: "I go, and it is
4.1.1 It is used to convey guilt, murder, treachery and evil
188.8.131.52 "And on thy blade and dudgeon gouts of blood"
184.108.40.206.1 This quote could also be interpreted as a
premonition of the murder Macbeth will commit
4.2.1 Thunder and lightning announces the witches
220.127.116.11 Premonition of villainous characters
18.104.22.168 "When shall we three meet
again, In thunder, lightning, or
4.2.2 There are storms on the night of
22.214.171.124 The fore-warning of villainous actions
4.3.1 Dark = villainy and evil
Light = good and truth
126.96.36.199 "Stars, hide your fires, let no
light see my dark desires"
188.8.131.52.1 Stars are the truth and macbeth orders them not
to shine as their light will reveal his villainous
184.108.40.206 "Come, thick night...nor
heaven to peep through
the blanket of the dark..."
220.127.116.11.1 Darkness allows Lady
Macbeth to do evil - It
implies that deceit and
treachery can go unnoticed
and villainous acts can be
5 Language & Structure
5.1.1 Blank Verse
5.1.2 Iambic Pentameter
18.104.22.168 10 syllables per line and stresses every other syllable
5.1.3 It groups characters (villains)
22.214.171.124 The witches talk mainly in rhym,
therefore act as 1 unit of evil and
126.96.36.199 Macbeth talks a lot in imabic pentameter
and blank verse - a form of poetry, therefore
suggesting an association with the witches
5.2 The use of Macbeth's soliloquies (see Dramatic Techniques - Soliloquies)