AQA GCSE History Unit 2 B Hitler's
1 Chancellor 1933
1.1 As a result of the Wall street crash there was an economic collapse in Ger, which meant unemployment rocketed
1.1.1 In turn this meant that Hitlers ideas had a special relevance
and his 25 point programme was v attractive to the most
18.104.22.168 He offered them someone to blame for Germany's problems ~ the allie's, nov criminals, and the jews.
22.214.171.124.1 In the 1930's election Nazis got 107 seats, in
nov 1932 nearly 200 ~ now the single biggest
126.96.36.199.1.1 Nazi campaign methods were modern and effective,
talked about uniting people
188.8.131.52.1.1.1 Hitler was a v powerful speaker.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11 Ran for president in 1932 but lost by 6 million votes to Hindenburg
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.1 Despite his defeat it raised his profile hugely
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1.1 Nazi support rocketed
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1.1.1 Historian Gordon Craig said some support for the Nazis came from negative cohesion meaning that people
supported them not ebcause they shared nazi views but because they shared nazi likes and dislikes
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199 Communism was also rising
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1 Some people feared communism so turned to the Nazis
18.104.22.168.1.2 As unemployment rose more people felt let down by the Weimar republic and so turned to extreme parties.
22.214.171.124.1.2.1 In 1932 Hitler demanded the role of chancellor from president Hindenburg but as he was suspicious of Hitler he said no.
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52 Von Papen carried on as chancellor but when he had no support Hindenburg appointed Von Scleicher instead.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1 Within a month however, Von Schleicher was forced to resign.
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.1.1 By this time it was clear that the Weimar system was not working.
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1.1.1 30th Jan Hindenburg offered Hitler chancellor as Hitler would get support in the
Reichstag for policies and be able to control communists but they could also limit
his influence and resist his extremist demands
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168 Hindenburg thought he could control him but he was v wrong
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1 Once he was chancellor Hitler took steps to completely take over Germany .
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1.1 He called another election in March 1933 to try and get an overall nazi majority in the Reichstag .
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1.1.1 On Feb 27th 1933 the Reichstag building burnt down.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124 Hitler blamed the communists and declared that it was the start of an uprising.
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1 He demanded special powers to deal with the situation and was granted them - he used them to arrest
communists, break up meetings and scare voters
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1.1 Many Germans at the time thought that the Nazis could have started the fire themselves
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.1.1.1 In the election Nazis won largest ever share of votes and had the majority.
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168 Using the SS and the SA Hitler intimidated the Reichstag into passing the enabling act which
allowed him to make laws without consulting the Reichstag
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1 Following the election communists were banned
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1.1 The enabling act made Hitler a virtual dictator
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1.1.1 There was nothing even Hindenburg could do
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52 Within a year any opponents or potential opponents of the Nazis had
either left Germany or been taken to a special concentration camp run by
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1 All other parties were banned
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1.1 However Hitler was still not entirely secure.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1.1.1 Leading officers in the army were not impressed by him and were particularly suspicious of Hitler's SA.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206 SA was badly disciplined and Hitler was also suspcious of the leader
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1 Hitler had to choose between army or SA
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1.1 On the 29-30th June 1934 squads of SS men broke into
homes of the leader and other figures in the SA and arrested
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.1.1.1 Over the weekend 400 people were executed
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52 Became known as the Night of the Long Knives
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1 Army was satisfied with the events
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.1.1 Soon after this hindenburg died and Hitler took over as supreme leader (Furher) of Germany.
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1.1.1 On 2nd Aug 1934 the entire army swore a personal oath of loyalty to Hitler.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168 1933 Nazis boycotted all Jewish Businesses,
doctors, dentists etc
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1 Jew shops marked with the star of David
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168 In 1935 Nuremburg laws introduced : Jews could no longer be German citizens,
marriages between jews and aryans were forbidden, jews had to wear a yellow
star on their clothing
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1 9-10th Nov 1938 thousands of Jewish businesses attacked and
200 synagogues burnt down. Hitler had ordered an attack
on the jews after a polish jew shot a german diplomat in
Paris. It became known as Kristallnacht.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1.1 July 1944 some army officers came v close to removing Hitler, Stauffenberg hid a
bomb in Hitler's conference room. The army knew they were loosing the war and so
wanted to get rid of Hitler. The plan failed and killed 5000 people but not Hitler.